Related provisions for DISP 3.1.5

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DISP 3.7.1RRP
Where a complaint is determined in favour of the complainant, the Ombudsman's determination may include one or more of the following:16(1) a money award against the respondent; or1616(2) an interest award against the respondent; or1616(3) a costs award against the respondent; or1616(4) a direction to the respondent.16
DISP 3.7.2RRP
Except in relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act9, a8 money award may be such amount as the Ombudsman considers to be fair compensation for one or more of the following:8(1) financial loss (including consequential or prospective loss); or(2) pain and suffering; or(3) damage to reputation; or(4) distress or inconvenience;whether or not a court would award compensation.16
DISP 3.7.2AGRP
8In relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act9, a money award is a payment of such amount as the Ombudsman determines that a respondent should make (or should have made) to a complainant under the scheme.
DISP 3.7.3GRP
16Where the Ombudsman is determining what amount (if any) constitutes fair compensation as a money award in relation to a relevant new complaint, a relevant transitional complaint or a relevant new claims management complaint4, the Ombudsman Transitional Order, the Mortgages and General Insurance Complaints Transitional Order and the Claims Management Order make provision for4 him to take into account what amount (if any) might have been expected to be awarded by way of compensation
DISP 3.7.4RRP
162727(1) The maximum money award which the Ombudsman may make is:5(a) £350,000 for a complaint concerning an act or omission which occurred on or after 1 April 2019; and5(b) £160,000 for a complaint concerning an act or omission which occurred before 1 April 2019.5(2) On 1 April each year, for complaints referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service on or after this date up to and including 31 March in the following year, the amounts in (1)(a) and (b) are adjusted by:5(a) applying
DISP 3.7.4AGRP
3The effect of section 404B(5) of the Act is that the maximum award which the Ombudsman may make also applies in relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act.9
DISP 3.7.6GRP
16If the Ombudsman considers that fair compensation requires payment of a larger amount, he may recommend that the respondent pays the complainant the balance. The effect of section 404B(6) of the Act is that this is also the case in relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act.98
DISP 3.7.7RRP
16The Ombudsman will maintain a register of each money award.
DISP 3.7.9RRP
16A costs award may:(1) be such amount as the Ombudsman considers to be fair, to cover some or all of the costs which were reasonably incurred by the complainant in respect of the complaint; and(2) include interest on that amount at a rate and as from a date specified in the award.
DISP 3.7.10GRP
16In most cases complainants should not need to have professional advisers to bring complaints to the Financial Ombudsman Service, so awards of costs are unlikely to be common.
DISP 3.7.11RRP
16 Except in relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act9, a8 direction may require the respondent8 to take such steps in relation to the complainant as the Ombudsman considers just and appropriate (whether or not a court could order those steps to be taken).88
DISP 3.7.11AGRP
8In relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act9, a direction may require the respondent to take such action as the Ombudsman determines the respondent should take (or should have taken) under the scheme.
DISP 3.7.12RRP
16A respondent must comply promptly with:(1) any award or direction made by the Ombudsman; and(2) any settlement which it agrees at an earlier stage of the procedures.
DISP 3.7.13GRP
16Under the Act, a complainant can enforce through the courts a money award registered by the Ombudsman or a direction made by the Ombudsman.
FEES 5.5B.8RRP
The purpose of FEES 5.5B is to set out the requirements on respondents to pay fees in relation to cases referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service.
FEES 5.5B.9RRP
These fees are towards funding the Financial Ombudsman Service, and are invoiced and collected directly by the FOS Ltd.
FEES 5.5B.10GRP
In each of the Financial Ombudsman Service's jurisdictions, the annual budget reflects the total expected to be raised by levies plus the total expected to be raised by case fees for the relevant financial year.
FEES 5.5B.12RRP
A respondent must pay to the FOS Ltd the standard case fee specified in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 1 in respect of each chargeable case relating to that respondent which is closed by the Financial Ombudsman Service, unless the respondent is identified as part of a charging group as defined in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 3.
FEES 5.5B.13GRP
The exclusion of respondents that are identified as part of a charging group as defined in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 3 applies only from 1 April 2013. Those respondents continue to be liable for the standard case fee under FEES 5.5B.12 R in respect of chargeable cases closed by the Financial Ombudsman Service before 1 April 2013.
FEES 5.5B.14RRP
But a respondent will only be liable for, and the FOS Ltd will only invoice for, the standard case fee in respect of the 26th and subsequent chargeable cases in any financial year.
FEES 5.5B.16RRP
A respondent must pay to the FOS Ltd any standard case fee which it is liable to pay under FEES 5.5B and which is invoiced by the FOS Ltd within 30 calendar days of the date when the invoice is issued by the FOS Ltd.
FEES 5.5B.17RRP
A respondent must pay to the FOS Ltd the supplementary case fee specified in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 2 in respect of each chargeable case (PPI) relating to that respondent which is referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service, as well as any standard case fee under FEES 5.5B.12 R, unless the respondent is identified as part of a charging group as defined in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 3.
FEES 5.5B.18GRP
The exclusion of respondents that are identified as part of a charging group as defined in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 3 applies only from 1 April 2013. Those respondents continue to be liable for the supplementary case fee under FEES 5.5B.17 R in respect of chargeable cases (PPI) referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service before 1 April 2013.
FEES 5.5B.19RRP
Notwithstanding the above, a respondent will only be liable for, and the FOS Ltd will only invoice for the supplementary case fee in respect of the 26th and subsequent cases relating to that respondent that fall within 5FEES 5.5B.17 R5 in any financial year.
FEES 5.5B.21RRP
The FOS Ltd:(1) will invoice the special case fee as described in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 4; and(2) may invoice the relevant charging group through any of the individual respondents in the relevant charging group.
FEES 5.5B.22RRP
A charging group must pay to the FOS Ltd any special case fee (including any year-end adjustment) as described in FEES 5 Annex 3R Part 4 within 30 calendar days of the date when the invoice is issued by the FOS Ltd.
FEES 5.5B.25RRP
If a respondent does not pay a case fee payable under FEES 5.5B in full to the FOS Ltd before the end of the date on which it is due, that respondent must pay to the FOS Ltd in addition:(1) an administrative fee of £250; plus(2) interest on any unpaid amount at the rate of 5% per annum above the Official Bank Rate from time to time, accruing on a daily basis from the date on which the amount concerned became due.
FEES 5.5B.26GRP
The FOS Ltd may take steps to recover any money owed to it (including interest).
FEES 5.5B.27RRP
If it appears to the FOS Ltd that in the exceptional circumstances of a particular case the payment of any case fee under FEES 5.5B would be inequitable, the FOS Ltd may (unless FEES 5.5B.29 R applies) reduce or remit all or part of the case fee in question which would otherwise be payable.
FEES 5.5B.28RRP
If it appears to the FOS Ltd that in the exceptional circumstances of a particular case to which FEES 5.5B.27 R does not apply the retention by the FOS Ltd of any case fee which has been paid would be inequitable, the FOS Ltd may (unless FEES 5.5B.29 R applies) refund all or part of that case fee.
FEES 5.5B.29RRP
The FOS Ltd may not consider a claim under FEES 5.5B.27 R and/or FEES 5.5B.28 G in respect of any amount overpaid due to a mistake of fact or law by the payer, if the claim is made by the payer more than 2 years after the beginning of the financial year to which the payment relates.
DISP 2.3.1RRP
7The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by a firm in carrying on one or more of the following activities:(1) regulated activities (other than auction regulation bidding and administering a benchmark20);10(1A) payment services;7(1B) [deleted]1312(1C) CBTL business;14(2) [deleted]11261126(3) lending money secured by a charge on land;(4) lending money (excluding restricted credit where that is not a credit-related
DISP 2.3.1ARRP
17The Ombudsman can also consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by: (1) an investment firm authorised under MiFID when providing investment services or ancillary services;(2) a CRD credit institution when providing one or more investment services;(3) an investment firm authorised under MiFID or a CRD credit institution when selling structured deposits to clients, or advising clients on them;(4) a collective portfolio management
DISP 2.3.1BGRP
17For the purposes of DISP 2.3.1AR, the Ombudsman can consider a complaint about an act carried out by a MiFID investment firm that is preparatory to the provision of an investment service or ancillary service which is an integral part of such a service. This includes, for example, generic advice given by a MiFID investment firm to a client prior to, or in the course of, the provision of investment advice or another investment service or ancillary service. [Note: recitals 15 and
DISP 2.3.2GRP
The Ombudsman can also consider under the Compulsory Jurisdiction:624624(1) as a result of the Ombudsman Transitional Order, a relevant existing complaint or a relevant new complaint that relates to an act or omission by a firm or an unauthorised person which was subject to a former scheme immediately before commencement;21(2) as a result of the Mortgages and General Insurance Complaints Transitional Order, a relevant transitional complaint that relates to an act or omission by
DISP 2.3.2-AGRP
1126In accordance with article 11 of the Regulated Activities Amendment Order, the Ombudsman can also consider under the Compulsory Jurisdiction:(1) a relevant existing credit-related complaint referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service before 1 April 2014 which was formerly being dealt with under the Consumer Credit Jurisdiction; and(2) a relevant new credit-related complaint referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service on or after 1 April 2014 which relates to an act or omission
DISP 2.3.2ARRP
7The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by a payment service provider in carrying on:(1) payment services; or(2) credit-related regulated activities;11261126or any ancillary activities, including advice, carried on by the payment service provider in connection with them.
DISP 2.3.2BRRP
925The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by an electronic money issuer in carrying on:(1) issuance of electronic money; or(2) credit-related regulated activities;11261126or any ancillary activities, including advice, carried on by the electronic money issuer in connection with them.
DISP 2.3.2BARRP
The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by a CBTL firm in carrying on CBTL business or any ancillary activities, including advice, carried on by the CBTL firm in connection with its CBTL business.14
DISP 2.3.2CGRP
8As a result of section 404B(11) of the Act, the Ombudsman can also consider under the Compulsory Jurisdiction a complaint from a complainant who:(1) is not satisfied with a redress determination made by a respondent under a consumer redress scheme; or(2) considers that a respondent has failed to make a redress determination in accordance with a consumer redress scheme.
DISP 2.3.2DRRP
15The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by a designated credit reference agency in carrying on: (1) the activity of providing credit information under the Small and Medium Sized Business (Credit Information) Regulations; or (2) any ancillary activities, including advice, carried on by the designated credit reference agency in connection with the activity in (1).
DISP 2.3.2ERRP
16The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction if it relates to an act or omission by a designated finance platform in carrying on: (1) the activity of providing specified information under the Small and Medium Sized Business (Finance Platforms) Regulations; or (2) any ancillary activities, including advice, carried on by the designated finance platform in connection with the activity in (1).
DISP 2.3.4RRP
A complaint about an authorisedprofessional firm cannot be handled under the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the Financial Ombudsman Service if it relates solely to a non-mainstream regulated activity and can be handled by a designated professional body.624
DISP 3.5.1RRP
The Ombudsman will attempt to resolve complaints at the earliest possible stage and by whatever means appear to him to be most appropriate, including mediation or investigation.15
DISP 3.5.2GRP
The Ombudsman may inform the complainant that it might be appropriate to complain against some other respondent.15
DISP 3.5.3GRP
Where two or more complaints from one complainant relate to connected circumstances, the Ombudsman may investigate them together, but will issue separate provisional assessments and determinations in respect of each respondent.1515
DISP 3.5.4RRP
If the Ombudsman decides that an investigation is necessary, he will then:(1) ensure both parties have been given an opportunity of making representations;(2) send both parties a provisional assessment, setting out his reasons and a time limit within which either party must respond; and(3) if either party indicates disagreement with the provisional assessment within that time limit, proceed to determination.15
DISP 3.5.9RRP
15The Ombudsman may:(1) exclude evidence that would otherwise be admissible in a court or include evidence that would not be admissible in a court;(2) accept information in confidence (so that only an edited version, summary or description is disclosed to the other party) where he considers it appropriate;(3) reach a decision on the basis of what has been supplied and take account of the failure by a party to provide information requested; and(4) treat the complaint as withdrawn
DISP 3.5.10GRP
15Evidence which the Ombudsman may accept in confidence includes confidential evidence about third parties and security information.
DISP 3.5.11GRP
15The Ombudsman has the power to require a party to provide evidence. Failure to comply with the request can be dealt with by the court.
DISP 3.5.12GRP
15The Ombudsman may take into account evidence from third parties, including (but not limited to) the FCA6 , other regulators, experts in industry matters and experts in consumer matters.6
DISP 3.5.13RRP
15The Ombudsman may fix (and extend) time limits for any aspect of the consideration of a complaint by the Financial Ombudsman Service.
DISP 3.5.14RRP
15If a respondent fails to comply with a time limit, the Ombudsman may:(1) proceed with consideration of the complaint; and(2) include provision for any material distress or material inconvenience caused by that failure in any award which he decides to make.
DISP 3.5.15RRP
15If a complainant fails to comply with a time limit, the Ombudsman may:(1) proceed with consideration of the complaint; or(2) treat the complaint as withdrawn and cease to consider the merits.2727
DISP 3.2.1RRP
The Ombudsman will have regard to whether a complaint is out of jurisdiction.26
DISP 3.2.2RRP
Unless the respondent has already had eight weeks to consider the complaint (or for EMD complaints and PSD complaints the time specified by DISP 2.8.1R(2A))3 or issued a final response or summary resolution communication, 9the Ombudsman will refer the complaint to the respondent (except where DISP 2.8.1R(4) applies).8268
DISP 3.2.2ARRP
7If the subject matter of a complaint falls to be dealt with by the respondent under a consumer redress scheme, and the time limits specified under the scheme for doing so have not yet expired, the Ombudsman will refer it to the respondent to be dealt with under the scheme (except where DISP 2.8.1R(4) applies).88
DISP 3.2.3RRP
Where the respondent alleges that the complaint is out of jurisdiction, the Ombudsman will give both parties an opportunity to make representations before he decides.2615151526
DISP 3.2.4RRP
Where the Ombudsman considers that the complaint may be out of jurisdiction, he will give the complainant an opportunity to make representations before he decides.2626
DISP 3.2.5RRP
Where the Ombudsman then decides that the complaint is out of jurisdiction, he will give reasons for that decision to the complainant and inform the respondent.2626
DISP 3.2.6RRP
Where the Ombudsman then decides that the complaint is not out of jurisdiction, he will inform the complainant and give reasons for that decision to the respondent.26
FEES 5.2.1GRP
Paragraph 9 of Schedule 17 to the Act (The Ombudsman Scheme) requires FOS Ltd to adopt an annual budget which has been approved by the FCA. The annual budget must distinguish between the costs of operating the Compulsory Jurisdiction and the Voluntary Jurisdiction. 3
FEES 5.2.2GRP
Section 234 of the Act (Industry Funding) enables the FCA to require the payment to it or to FOS Ltd, by firms or any class of firm, of specified amounts (or amounts calculated in a specified way) to cover the costs of: (1) the establishment of 1the Financial Ombudsman Service; and (2) its operation in relation to the Compulsory Jurisdiction.
FEES 5.2.3GRP
Paragraph 15 of Schedule 17 to the Act enables FOS Ltd to require firms subject to the Compulsory Jurisdiction and any other respondents to a complaint to pay specified fees to it in respect of complaints closed by the Financial Ombudsman Service.
FEES 5.2.4GRP
The Ombudsman Transitional Order provides for unauthorised persons to be charged fees in respect of any relevant complaints against them which the Financial Ombudsman Service handles.
FEES 5.2.5GRP
Paragraph 18 of Schedule 17 to the Act enables FOS Ltd to require VJ participants to pay to it such amounts at such times as it specifies in the standard terms.
FEES 5.2.6GRP
The relevant provisions of the rules in FEES 5 and FEES 2 will be applied to VJ participants through the standard terms made by FOS Ltd under paragraph 18 of Schedule 17 to the Act (see DISP 4).
FEES 5.2.7GRP
This chapter sets out the framework for the funding arrangements of the Financial Ombudsman Service, including, where relevant,25 the method by which fees will be calculated. Details of the actual fees payable will vary from year to year, depending on the annual budget of the Financial Ombudsman Service. These details will be set out in annexes 25to this chapter. New annexes25 will be prepared and consulted on for each financial year.2525
DISP 4.2.1RRP
A VJ participant is subject to these standard terms, which may be amended or supplemented by the Financial Ombudsman Service with the approval of the FCA15.31215
DISP 4.2.3RRP
The following rules and guidance apply to VJ participants as part of the standard terms, except where the context requires otherwise:(1) DISP 1 (Treating complainants4fairly), except:4(a) DISP 1.94(Complaints record rule);4(b) DISP 1.104(Complaints reporting rules);84(ba) DISP 1.10A (Complaints data publication rules); 98(bb) DISP 1.10B (Payment services and electronic money complaints reporting); and9(c) DISP 1.114(Lloyd's);4(d) DISP 1.1A (Complaints handling requirements for
DISP 4.2.4RRP
The Ombudsman has the same powers to make determinations and awards under the Voluntary Jurisdiction as he has under the Compulsory Jurisdiction (see DISP 3.7 (Awards by the Ombudsman)).312
DISP 4.2.5RRP
If the complainant accepts the Ombudsman's determination within the time limit specified by the Ombudsman, the determination will be binding on the VJ Participant and may be enforced in court by the complainant.312312
DISP 4.2.6RRP
The following rules in FEES apply to VJ participants as part of the standard terms, but substituting 'VJ participant' for 'firm':(1) FEES 2.2.1 R (late payment) but substituting 'FOS Ltd' for 'the FCA';1515(2) FEES 2.3.1 R and 2.3.2 R (remission of fees);(3) [deleted]18(4) FEES 5.3.6 R (general levy) but substituting:(a) 'Voluntary Jurisdiction' for 'Compulsory Jurisdiction'; and(b) 'FOS Ltd' for 'the FCA';1515(5) FEES 5.3.8 R (calculation of general levy) but substituting:18(a)
DISP 4.2.7RRP
A VJ participant may not withdraw from the Voluntary Jurisdiction unless:(1) the VJ participant has submitted to FOS Ltd a written plan for:(a) notifying its existing customers of its intention to withdraw; and(b) handling complaints against it before its withdrawal;(2) the VJ participant has paid the general levy for the year in which it withdraws and any other fees payable; and(3) FOS Ltd has approved in writing both the VJ Participant's plan and the date of withdrawal (which
DISP 4.2.8RRP
None of the following is to be liable in damages for anything done or omitted to be done in the discharge (or purported discharge) of any functions in connection with the Voluntary Jurisdiction:312(1) FOS Ltd;(2) any member of its governing body;(3) any member of its staff;(4) any person acting as an Ombudsman for the purposes of the Financial Ombudsman Service;except where:(5) the act or omission is shown to have been in bad faith; or(6) it would prevent an award of damages being
DISP 1.11.3RRP
The Society must take reasonable steps to ensure that complaints by policyholders against members of the Society are dealt with under the Lloyd's complaint procedures and that members comply with the requirements of those procedures.
DISP 1.11.4RRP
A complaint by a policyholder against a member of the Society may not be referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service until after the Lloyd's complaint procedures have been completed or until after the end of eight weeks from receipt of the complaint, whichever is the earlier.
DISP 1.11.5RRP
(1) A notification claiming exemption under DISP 1.1.12 R from the complaints reporting rules and the rules relating to the funding of the Financial Ombudsman Service must be given to the FCA by the Society on behalf of any member eligible for an exemption. (2) The Society must notify the FCA if the conditions relating to such an exemption no longer apply to a member who is exempt.
DISP 1.11.9GRP
Members will individually comply with this chapter if and only if all complaints by policyholders against members are dealt with under the Lloyd's complaints procedures. Accordingly, certain of the obligations under this chapter, for example the obligation to report on complaints received and the obligation to pay fees under the rules relating to the funding of the Financial Ombudsman Service (FEES 5), must be complied with by the Society on behalf of members. Managing agents
DISP 1.11.11GRP
Complaints from members of the Society regarding the activities of members' advisers, which cannot be resolved by the members' adviser, cannot be referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service.
DISP 1.11.12GRP
The Financial Ombudsman Service is not able to deal with the complaints listed in DISP 1.11.13 R and separate rules and guidance are therefore required.
DISP 1.11.20GRP
When considering what is required to ensure the operational independence of the schemes referred to in DISP 1.11.13 R, or proposed changes in such schemes, the Society should take account of similar arrangements operated by the Financial Ombudsman Service.
DISP 3.6.1RRP
The Ombudsman will determine a complaint by reference to what is, in his opinion, fair and reasonable in all the circumstances of the case.1616
DISP 3.6.3GRP
Where a complainant makes complaints against more than one respondent in respect of connected circumstances, the Ombudsman may determine that the respondents must contribute towards the overall award in the proportion that the Ombudsman considers appropriate.16
DISP 3.6.5GRP
16Where the Ombudsman is determining what is fair and reasonable in all the circumstances of a relevant new complaint or a relevant transitional complaint or a relevant new claims management complaint4, the Ombudsman Transitional Order, the Mortgage and General Insurance Complaints Transitional Order and the Claims Management Order make provision for him4 to take into account what determination the former Ombudsman might have been expected to reach in relation to an equivalent
DISP 3.6.5AGRP
7As a result of section 404B of the Act, if the subject matter of a complaint falls to be dealt with (or has properly been dealt with) under a consumer redress scheme, the Ombudsman will determine the complaint by reference to what, in the opinion of the Ombudsman, the redress determination under the consumer redress scheme should be or should have been, unless the complainant and the respondent agree that the complaint should not be dealt with in accordance with the consumer
DISP 3.6.6RRP
16When the Ombudsman8 has determined a complaint:8(1) the Ombudsman will give both parties a signed written statement of the determination, giving the reasons for it;(2) the statement will require the complainant to notify the Ombudsman ,8 before the date specified in the statement, whether he accepts or rejects the determination;(3) if the complainant notifies the Ombudsman that he accepts the determination within that time limit, it is final and binding on both parties;(4)
DISP 3.6.7RRP
(1) 8An Ombudsman may correct any clerical mistake in the written statement of an Ombudsman's determination, whether or not the determination has already been accepted or rejected.(2) Any failure to comply with any provisions of the procedural rules made by the FOS Ltd does not of itself render an Ombudsman's determination void.
DISP 3.6.8GRP
(1) 8The FOS Ltd will publish a report of any Ombudsman's determination, save that if the Ombudsman who made the determination informs the FOS Ltd that, in the Ombudsman's opinion, it is inappropriate to publish a report of that determination (or any part of it), the FOS Ltd will not publish a report of that determination (or that part, as appropriate).(2) Unless the complainant agrees, a report will not include the name of the complainant, or particulars which (in the opinion
DISP 2.8.1RRP
19The Ombudsman can only consider a complaint if:(1) the respondent has already sent the complainant its final response or summary resolution communication; or51212(2) in relation to a complaint that is not an EMD complaint or a PSD complaint,8 eight weeks have elapsed since the respondent received the complaint; or3(2A) in relation to a complaint that is an EMD complaint or a PSD complaint:8(a) 15 business days have elapsed since the respondent received the complaint and the
DISP 2.8.2RRP
19The Ombudsman cannot consider a complaint if the complainant refers it to the Financial Ombudsman Service:(1) more than six months after the date on which the respondent sent the complainant its final response, 512redress determination or summary resolution communication512; or3(2) more than: (a) six years after the event complained of; or (if later)(b) three years from the date on which the complainant became aware (or ought reasonably to have become aware) that he had cause
DISP 2.8.2ARRP
411If a respondent consents to the Ombudsman considering a complaint in accordance with DISP 2.8.2 R (5), the respondent may not withdraw consent.
DISP 2.8.3GRP
19The six-month time limit is only triggered by a response which is a final response, redress determination or summary resolution communication512. The response 411must tell the complainant about the six-month time limit that the complainant has to refer a complaint to the Financial Ombudsman Service.411512411
DISP 2.8.7RRP
(1) 19If a complaint relates to the sale of an endowment policy for the purpose of achieving capital repayment of a mortgage and the complainant receives a letter from a firm or a VJ participant warning that there is a high risk that the policy will not, at maturity, produce a sum large enough to repay the target amount then, subject to (2), (3), (4) and (5):(a) time for referring a complaint to the Financial Ombudsman Service starts to run from the date the complainant receives
DISP 2.8.9RRP
(1) 713In addition to DISP 2.8.1R and DISP 2.8.2R, unless one or more of the conditions in (2) below is met, the Ombudsman cannot consider a complaint which:(a) relates to the sale of a payment protection contract that took place on or before 29 August 2017; and(b) expresses dissatisfaction about the sale, or matters related to the sale, including where there is a rejection of claims on the grounds of ineligibility or exclusion (but not matters unrelated to the sale, such as delays
DISP 2.8.10GRP
713Where a complaint meets the requirements of DISP 2.8.9R(2)(d), those parts of the complaint that relate to the grounds of rejection of the claim are not subject to the restriction in DISP 2.8.9R(1) on an Ombudsman considering the complaint.
DISP 1.1A.11RRP
A MiFID investment firm must provide information to eligible complainants, in a clear, comprehensible and easily accessible way, about the Financial Ombudsman Service (including the Financial Ombudsman Service’s website address): (1) on its website, where one exists; and(2) if applicable, in the general conditions of its contracts with eligible complainants.[Note: subject to a few minor changes reflecting its amended application, this provision replicates DISP 1.2.1R(4)] [Note:
DISP 1.1A.21GRP
Factors that may be relevant in the assessment of a MiFID complaint under DISP 1.1A.20R(2) include the following: (1) all the evidence available and the particular circumstances of the complaint;(2) similarities with other complaints received by the respondent; (3) relevant guidance published by the FCA, other relevant regulators, the Financial Ombudsman Service or former schemes; and (4) appropriate analysis of decisions by the Financial Ombudsman Service concerning similar
DISP 1.1A.22RRP
Where a MiFID complaint against a MiFID investment firm is referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service, the MiFID investment firm must cooperate fully with the Financial Ombudsman Service and comply promptly with any settlements or awards made by it. [Note: subject to a few minor changes reflecting its amended application, this provision replicates DISP 1.4.4R.]
DISP 1.1A.26RRP
The explanation given by MiFID investment firms to clients or potential clients in accordance with DISP 1.1A.25EU must also: (1) refer to the fact that the complainant has made a MiFID complaint and inform the complainant that the MiFID investment firm now considers the MiFID complaint to have been resolved;(2) inform the complainant that if, still dissatisfied with the resolution of the MiFID complaint, the complainant may be able to refer it to the Financial Ombudsman Service; (3)
DISP 1.1A.27GRP
The information regarding the Financial Ombudsman Service required to be provided in a communication sent under DISP 1.1A.25EU and referred to in DISP 1.1A.26R should be set out clearly, comprehensibly, in an easily accessible way and prominently within the text of those responses. [Note: article 13 of the ADR Directive]
DISP 1.1A.31RRP
The explanation given by MiFID investment firms to clients or potential clients in accordance with DISP 1.1A.30EU must also:(1) enclose a copy of the Financial Ombudsman Service's standard explanatory leaflet; (2) provide the website address of the Financial Ombudsman Service;(3) inform the complainant that if, still dissatisfied with the respondent's response, the complaint may now be referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service; and (4) indicate whether or not the respondent
DISP 1.1A.32GRP
The information regarding the Financial Ombudsman Service required to be provided in a final response sent under DISP 1.1A.30EU and referred to in DISP 1.1A.31R should be set out clearly, comprehensibly, in an easily accessible way and prominently within the text of those responses. [Note: article 13 of the ADR Directive]
DISP 1.1A.34GRP
DISP 2.8.1R sets out the circumstances in which the Ombudsman can consider a complaint, including where eight weeks have elapsed since its receipt by the MiFID investment firm and where the MiFID investment firm consents (subject to the other requirements of DISP 2.8.1R(4)).
DISP 1.1A.36RRP
If a MiFID investment firm receives a MiFID complaint which is outside the time limits for referral to the Financial Ombudsman Service (see DISP 2.8) it may reject the MiFID complaint without considering the merits, but must explain this to the complainant in a final response. [Note: subject to a few minor changes reflecting its amended application, this provision replicates DISP 1.8]
DISP 3.1.1GRP
The purpose of this chapter is to set out:(1) the procedures of the Financial Ombudsman Service for investigating and determining complaints;(2) the basis on which the Ombudsman makes decisions; and(3) the awards which the Ombudsman can make.48
DISP 3.1.3RRP
Where the respondent is a partnership (or former partnership), it is sufficient for the Ombudsman to communicate with one partner (or former partner).48
DISP 3.1.4GRP
The Ombudsman Transitional Order and the Claims Management Order6 requires the Financial Ombudsman Service to complete the handling of relevant existing complaints and relevant existing claims management complaints6, in a significant number of respects, in accordance with the requirements of the relevant former scheme rather than in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.48
DISP 3.3.1RRP
Where the Ombudsman considers that the complaint may be one which should be dismissed without consideration of the merits, he will give the complainant an opportunity to make representations before he decides.29
DISP 3.3.2RRP
Where the Ombudsman then decides that the complaint should be dismissed without consideration of the merits, he will give reasons to the complainant for that decision and inform the respondent.29
DISP 3.3.3GRP
Under the Ombudsman Transitional Order and the Mortgage and General Insurance Complaints Transitional Order and the Claims Management Order6, where the Ombudsman is dealing with a relevant complaint, he must take into account whether an equivalent complaint would have been dismissed without consideration of its merits under the former scheme in question, as it had effect immediately before the relevant6 order came into effect.2929
DISP 3.3.4RRP
The Ombudsman may dismiss a complaint413referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service before 9 July 2015 413without considering its merits if 413the Ombudsman413considers that:5(1) the complainant has not suffered (or is unlikely to suffer) financial loss, material distress or material inconvenience; or(2) the complaint is frivolous or vexatious; or(3) the complaint clearly does not have any reasonable prospect of success; or(4) the respondent has already made an offer of compensation
DISP 3.3.4ARRP
413The Ombudsman may dismiss a complaint referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service on or after 9 July 2015 without considering its merits if the Ombudsman considers that:(1) the complaint is frivolous or vexatious; or(2) the subject matter of the complaint has been dealt with, or is being dealt with, by a comparable ADR entity; or(3) the subject matter of the complaint has been the subject of court proceedings where there has been a decision on the merits; or(4) the subject
DISP 1.1.1GRP
630This chapter contains rules and guidance on how respondents should deal promptly and fairly with complaints in respect of business carried on from establishments in the United Kingdom,11 by certain branches of firms in the EEA or by certain EEA firms carrying out activities in the United Kingdom under the freedom to provide cross border services.11 In respect of regulated claims management activities, this chapter applies to business carried on in Great Britain (see PERG 2.4A).28
DISP 1.1.9AGRP
10The scope of this sourcebook does not include:(1) a complaint about pre-commencement investment business which was regulated by a recognised professional body (those complaints will be handled under the arrangements of that professional body); or(2) a complaint about the administration of an occupational pension scheme, because this is not a regulated activity (firms should refer complainants to the Pensions Ombudsman25 rather than to the Financial Ombudsman Service and should
DISP 1.1.10JGRP
20Although designated credit reference agencies are not required to comply with the complaints record rule, they must retain records in accordance with regulation 24 of the Small and Medium Sized Business (Credit Information) Regulations and these can be used to assist the Financial Ombudsman Service should this be necessary.
DISP 1.1.10LGRP
22Although designated finance platforms are not required to comply with the complaints record rule, they must retain records in accordance with regulation 21 of the Small and Medium Sized Business (Finance Platforms) Regulations and these can be used to assist the Financial Ombudsman Service should this be necessary.
DISP 1.1.12RRP
(1) A firm, payment service provider20, electronic money issuer, 22designated credit reference agency20 or designated finance platform22 falling within the Compulsory Jurisdiction which does not conduct business with eligible complainants and has no reasonable likelihood of doing so, can, by written notification to the FCA , claim exemption from the rules relating to the funding of the Financial Ombudsman Service, and from the remainder of this chapter.133281332(2) Notwithstanding
DISP 1.1.16GRP
Although VJ participants are not required to comply with the complaints record rule, it is in their interest to retain records of complaints so that these can be used to assist the Financial Ombudsman Service should it be necessary.1733
FEES 5.1.1-AGRP
714Whilst no rule11 made by the FCA in this chapter applies to VJ participants, some of the guidance may do. The application of rules made by the FOS Ltd in this chapter is set out in FEES 5.5B15 and described in FEES 5.1.2 AG.8
FEES 5.1.1BRRP
714FEES 5.1.1A R does not apply to 15FEES 5.5B or FEES 5 Annex 2R or Annex 3R unless otherwise stated in rules made by the FOS Ltd.15
FEES 5.1.2GRP
The rules set out in the table under FEES 5.1.2 AG are made by the FOS Ltd. All other FEES 5 rules are made by the FCA.714714
FEES 5.1.2AGRP
714Table of FEES 5 rules made by the FOS LtdFEES 5 rules made by the FOS LtdDescriptionFEES 5.5B1515Rules relating to case feesFEES 5 Annex 2R Annual Levy Payable in Relation to the Voluntary JurisdictionFEES 5 Annex 3R Case Fees Payable
FEES 5.1.7GRP
The purpose of this chapter is to set out the requirements on firms to pay annual fees (through a general levy invoiced and collected by the FCA on behalf of FOS Ltd) and case fees (invoiced and collected directly by FOS Ltd) in order to fund the operation of the Financial Ombudsman Service.This Chapter4 also provides for unauthorised persons to pay case fees to FOS Ltd in respect of any relevant complaints which it handles.44
FEES 12.2.1RRP
FOS Ltd must pay the FOS ADR levy:(1) in full and without deduction; and(2) in accordance with this chapter.
FEES 12.2.2RRP
(1) The FCA will raise the FOS ADR levy annually in arrears. (2) The FCA will invoice FOS Ltd in April for the FOS ADR levy relating to the previous fee year.(3) FOS Ltd must pay the FOS ADR levy within 30 days of the date of the invoice.
FEES 12.2.3RRP
The FOS ADR levy is calculated as follows:(1) Determine the number of hours, or part of an hour, taken by the FCA, in performing functions under the ADR Regulations.(2) Using the table at FEES 3 Annex 9R(11), determine the relevant pay grades of those employed by the FCA to perform the functions under the ADR Regulations.(3) Next, multiply the applicable rate in the table at FEES 3 Annex 9R(11) by the number of hours or part hours obtained under (1).(4) Then add any fees and disbursements
FEES 12.2.5GRP
The obligation to pay the FOS ADR levy is ongoing.
DISP 3.8.1RRP
In dealing with information received in relation to the consideration of a complaint, the Financial Ombudsman Service will have regard to the parties' rights of privacy.24
DISP 3.8.2BRRP
24This does not prevent the Ombudsman disclosing information:(1) to the extent that he is required or authorised to do so by law; or(2) to the parties to the complaint; or(3) in his determination; or(4) at a hearing in connection with the complaint.
DISP 3.8.3RRP
So long as he has regard to the parties' rights of privacy, the Ombudsman may disclose information to the FCA5 or any other body exercising regulatory or statutory functions for the purpose of assisting that body or the Financial Ombudsman Service to discharge its functions.245
DISP 1.4.2GRP
Factors that may be relevant in the assessment of a complaint under DISP 1.4.1R (2) include the following:59(1) all the evidence available and the particular circumstances of the complaint;(2) similarities with other complaints received by the respondent;(3) relevant guidance8 published by the FCA , other relevant regulators, the Financial Ombudsman Service or former schemes; and(4) appropriate analysis of decisions by the Financial Ombudsman Service concerning similar complaints
DISP 1.4.3GRP
The respondent should aim to resolve complaints at the earliest possible opportunity, minimising the number of unresolved complaints which need to be referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service.
DISP 1.4.4RRP
Where a complaint against a respondent is referred to the Financial Ombudsman Service, the respondent must cooperate fully with the Financial Ombudsman Service and comply promptly with any settlements or awards made by it.1
FEES 1.1.1GRP
(1) FEES applies to all persons required to pay a fee or levy under a provision of the Handbook. The purpose of this chapter is to set out to whom the rules and guidance in FEES apply. 30(2) FEES 2 (General Provisions) contains general provisions which may apply to any type of fee payer.30(3) FEES 3 (Application, Notification and Vetting Fees) covers one-off fees payable on a particular event for example:3330(a) 33various application fees (including those in relation to authorisation,
FEES 1.1.1EGRP
26FEES 12 (FOS ADR Levy) relates to the FOS ADR levy.
FEES 1.1.2RRP
This manual applies in the following way:(1) FEES 1, 2 and 3 apply to the fee payers listed in column 1 of the Table of application, notification and vetting fees in FEES 3.2.7 R29. 1041(a) [deleted]1010(b) [deleted]1010(c) [deleted]1010(d) [deleted]1010(e) [deleted]10(f) [deleted]1010(g) [deleted]1010(h) [deleted]1010(i) [deleted]1010(j) [deleted]1010(k) [deleted]1010(l) [deleted]1010(m) [deleted]1010(n) [deleted]104(o) 3345410[deleted]10(p) 55410[deleted]10(q) 6510[deleted]10(r)
FEES 1.1.2CRRP
29FEES 1 and 12 apply to FOS Ltd.
FEES 5.3.1GRP
Each financial year, the FCA and FOS Ltd will consult on the amount of the annual budget15of the Financial Ombudsman Service which is to be raised by the general levy. 15
FEES 5.3.3GRP
The FCA will determine, following consultation, the amount to be raised from each industry block. This will be based on the budgeted costs and numbers of Financial Ombudsman Service staff required to deal with the volume of complaints which the Financial Ombudsman Service expects to receive about the firms in each industry block. Modified arrangements have been made for certain types of small firms (see FEES 5.5.3 R to FEES 5.5.5 G).
FEES 5.3.6RRP
A firm must pay to the FCA a general levy towards the costs of operating the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the Financial Ombudsman Service.
FEES 5.3.7GRP
Under the standard terms, VJ participants will be required to pay to FOS Ltd an amount calculated on a similar basis towards the costs of operating the Voluntary Jurisdiction of the Financial Ombudsman Service, see FEES 5 Annex 2R26. FOS Ltd will be responsible for invoicing and collecting this amount.