FCTR 16.1 Introduction

FCTR 16.1.1

1Who should read this chapter? This chapter is relevant, and its statements of good practice apply, to banks we supervise under the Money Laundering Regulations. It may be of interest to other firms we supervise under the Money Laundering Regulations.

FCTR 16.1.2

1In November 2014 we published the findings of our thematic review of how small banks manage AML and sanctions risk. We assessed the adequacy of the AML and sanctions systems and controls of 21 small banks. We also looked at the extent to which the banks had considered our regulatory AML guidance, enforcement cases and the findings from our 2011 review of ‘banks’ management of high money laundering risk situations’. To this end, our sample included five banks that had also been part of our sample in 2011.

FCTR 16.1.3

1A small number of banks in our sample had implemented effective AML and sanctions controls. But, despite our extensive work in this area over recent years, we found significant and widespread weaknesses in most of the sample banks’ AML systems and controls and some banks’ sanctions controls. We also found that AML resources were inadequate in one-third of all banks in our sample and that some overseas banks struggled to reconcile their group AML policies with UK AML standards and requirements.

FCTR 16.1.4

1The contents of this report are reflected in FCG 1-3.