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Timeline guidance

IPRU-INV 14 App 1 Interpretation


Glossary of defined terms for Chapter 14

If a defined term does not appear in the IPRU(INV) 14 glossary below, the definition appearing in the main Handbook Glossary applies.

ancillary services undertaking

an undertaking the principal activity of which consists of owning or managing property, managing data-processing services, or any other similar activity which is ancillary to the principal activity of one or more of the firms subject to this chapter.

broad scope firm

as in the Glossary in IPRU(INV) chapter 3.

CAD Article 5 exempting criteria

the following criteria in respect of the firm's dealing positions:

- such positions arise only as a result of the firm's failure to match investors orders precisely;

- the total market value of all such positions is subject to a ceiling of 15% of the firm's initial capital; and

- such positions are incidental and provisional in nature and strictly limited to the time required to carry out the transaction in question.

contingent liability

the meaning in FRS 12 which states that it is:

(a) a possible obligation that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the entity's control or

(b) a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because:

(i) it is not probable that a transfer of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

(ii) the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability.

consolidated supervision

the application of the financial rules in the Interim Prudential sourcebook for investment businesses in accordance with rules and guidance in 14.1.1 to 14.5.4.



financial holding company

an undertaking that satisfies the following conditions:

(a) it is:

(i) a financial institution; or

(ii) a firm falling within IPRU-INV rule 14.1.1(1);

(b) is subsidiary undertakings are either exclusively or mainly:

(i) credit institutions;,

(ii) investment firms;

(iii) broad scope firms or undertakings carrying on activities which (if they were firms doing those activities in the United Kingdom) would make them broad scope firms; and

(iv) financial institutions,

one of which at least is a credit institution, a firm falling within IPRU-INV rule 14.1.1(1) or an investment firm; and

(c) it is not a mixed financial holding company.

financial institution

an undertaking other than a credit institution, the principal activity of which is to acquire holdings or to carry on a listed activity.

group financial resources

the resources of a firm's group calculated in accordance with rules 14.4 (Group financial resources).

group financial resources requirement

the requirement that a firm's group maintains financial resources calculated in accordance with the rules in 14.5 (Group financial resources requirement).

investment firm

investment firm as in the main Glossary except that it excludes persons to which the MiFID does not apply as a result of article 2 or 3 of the MiFID.

Material holding

a holding of –

(a) ordinary share capital and non cumulative preference share capital; or

(b) subordinated loan and non fixed-term cumulative preference share capital,

in a credit institution or a financial institution where –

(i) (a) or (b) above exceeds 10% of the share capital plus share premium of the issuer; or

(ii) the aggregate of (a) and (b) above exceeds 10% of the firm’s own funds, before deducting the holding.

Material insurance holding

the higher of –

(1) the book value of an investment held in an insurance undertaking, reinsurance undertaking, or insurance holding company (investment for this purpose is either a participation or the investment in a subsidiary undertaking); or

(2) the group's proportionate share of that undertaking's local or notional regulatory capital requirement."

Non-trading book

in relation to a firm's business or exposures, means any position, counterparty exposure or balance sheet item nit falling within the definition of trading book.


any parent undertaking as defined in section 1162 of the Companies Act 2006 and any undertaking which effectively exercises a dominant influence over another undertaking.


a participation within the meaning of the UK provisions which implemented Article 2, point (2) of the Accounting Directive1 or the ownership either direct or indirect of 20% or more of the voting rights or capital of another undertaking which is not a subsidiary.


as in section 1159(1) of the Companies Act 2006.

trading book

as in the Glossary in IPRU(INV) chapter 5.

1UK parent

a firm’s direct or indirect parent which has its head office in the UK.