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Status: Please note you should read all Brexit changes to the FCA Handbook and BTS alongside the main FCA transitional directions. Where these directions apply the 'standstill', firms have the choice between complying with the pre-IP completion day rules, or the post-IP completion day rules. To see a full list of Handbook modules affected, please see Annex B to the main FCA transitional directions.

Preamble

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 on short selling and certain aspects of credit default swaps, and in particular Articles 9(5), 11(3) and 16(3) thereof,

After consulting the European Data Protection Supervisor,

Whereas:

  1. (1)

    This Regulation aims to establish a uniform regime for the submission of notifications and information by investors to national competent authorities or by those competent authorities to the European Securities and Markets Authority (hereinafter "ESMA"). Since the turnover calculation to determine exempted shares is also closely linked to the giving of information concerning shares where their principal trading venue is in the Union, it should also be covered by this Regulation. To ensure coherence between such provisions, which should enter into force at the same time, and to facilitate a comprehensive view and compact access to them by persons subject to those obligations it is desirable to include all the regulatory technical standards required by Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 in a single Regulation.

  2. (2)

    In relation to the notifications of net short positions on shares, sovereign debt and uncovered sovereign credit default swaps and to the public disclosure of significant net short positions on shares, uniform rules regarding the details of the information including the common standard to be used in the notification should be specified to ensure consistency in the application of the notification requirements across the Union, to foster efficiency in the reporting process and to provide comparable information to the public.

  3. (3)

    To ensure the proper identification of the position holders, notification should, where available, include a code that can complement the name of the position holder. Until a single, robust and publicly recognised global legal entity identifier is available, it is necessary to rely on existing codes that some position holders may have, such as the Bank Identifier Code.

  4. (4)

    For the purpose of carrying out its duties under this Regulation and under Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Securities and Markets Authority), ESMA is to be provided with information by competent authorities on a quarterly basis in relation to notification of net short positions on shares, sovereign debt and uncovered sovereign credit default swaps, as well as with additional information on net short positions upon its request.

  5. (5)

    In order to efficiently use such information, in particular with respect to the objective of ensuring the orderly functioning and integrity of the financial markets and the stability of the financial system in the Union, the quarterly information should be standardised, stable over time and of sufficient granularity, in the form of some daily aggregated data, to allow ESMA to process it and to conduct research and analyses.

  6. (6)

    ESMA is not in a position to determine beforehand the specific information it may require from a competent authority, as that information may only be determined on a case-by-case basis and may include input as diverse as individual or aggregated data on the net short positions or uncovered positions in credit default swaps. Nonetheless, it is important to establish the general information to be provided in this respect.

  7. (7)

    For the purposes of calculating turnover, both in the Union and in trading venues outside the Union, to determine the principal trading venue of a share, each relevant competent authority needs to determine the relevant sources of information to identify and measure the trading on a specific share. There are currently neither harmonised transaction reporting requirements in the Union for shares admitted only on multilateral trading facilities nor international standards with regard to trading statistics on individual shares on trading venues, which may show relevant variations. Thus, it is necessary to allow some flexibility to competent authorities to carry out that calculation.

  8. (8)

    In order to ensure consistency, the date of application of this Regulation should be the same as that of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012. However, in order to allow sufficient time for natural and legal persons to process the list of shares exempted pursuant to Article 16 of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012, the preparation of that list and its subsequent publication on the ESMA website should take place sufficiently in advance before the application date of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012. Therefore, the method set out for turnover calculation to determine the principal venue for the trading of a share should apply from the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

  9. (9)

    Since Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 recognised that binding technical standards should be adopted before that Regulation can be usefully applied, and as it is essential to specify before 1 November 2012 the required non-essential elements to facilitate compliance by market participants with that Regulation and enforcement by competent authorities, it is necessary that this Regulation should enter into force on the day following that of its publication.

  10. (10)

    This Regulation is based on the draft regulatory technical standards submitted by ESMA to the Commission.

  11. (11)

    ESMA has conducted open public consultations on the draft regulatory technical standards on which this Regulation is based, analysed the potential related costs and benefits and requested the opinion of the Securities and Markets Stakeholder Group established in accordance with Article 37 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 Subject matter

This Regulation lays down regulatory technical standards specifying the following:

  1. (a)

    the details of the information on net short positions to be provided to the FCA and disclosed to the public by a natural or legal person pursuant to Article 9(5) of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012;

  2. (c)

    the method for calculation of turnover to determine the principal venue for the trading of a share pursuant to Article 16(3) of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012.

CHAPTER II DETAILS OF THE INFORMATION ON NET SHORT POSITIONS TO BE NOTIFIED AND DISCLOSED (ARTICLE 9 OF REGULATION (EU) No 236/2012)

Article 2 Notification of net short positions in shares, sovereign debt and uncovered sovereign credit default swaps to competent authorities

  1. (1)

    A notification made under Article 5(1), Article 7(1) or Article 8 of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 shall contain the information specified in Table 1 of Annex I to this Regulation.

    The notification shall be made using a form issued by the FCA which shall take the format set out in Annex II.

  2. (2)

    Where the FCA has secure systems in place that allow it to fully identify the person filing the notification and the position holder, including all the information contained in fields 1 to 7 of Table 1 of Annex I, the corresponding fields in the form may be left blank in the notification format.

  3. (3)

    A natural or legal person who has submitted a notification referred to in paragraph 1 which contains an error shall send, on becoming aware of the error, a cancellation to the relevant FCA.

    The cancellation shall be made using a form issued by the FCA which shall take the format set out in Annex III.

    The natural or legal person concerned shall submit a new notification in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 2 if necessary.

Article 3 Public disclosure of information on net short positions in shares

Any public disclosure of a net short position in shares that reaches, or upon having reached, subsequently falls below, a relevant publication threshold in accordance with Article 6(1) of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012 shall contain the information specified in Table 2 of Annex I to this Regulation.

CHAPTER IV METHOD OF CALCULATION OF TURNOVER TO DETERMINE THE PRINCIPAL TRADING VENUE FOR A SHARE (ARTICLE 16 OF REGULATION (EU) No 236/2012)

Article 6 Turnover calculation to determine the principal venue for the trading of a share

  1. (1)

    When calculating turnover pursuant to Article 16 of Regulation (EU) No 236/2012, the FCA shall use the best available information, which may include:

    1. (a)

      publicly available information;

    2. (b)

      transaction data obtained under Article 26(1) and (2) of Regulation 600/2014/EU;

    3. (c)

      information from trading venues where the relevant share is traded;

    4. (d)

      information provided by a supervisory authority of a third country;

    5. (e)

      information provided by the issuer of the relevant share;

    6. (f)

      information from other third parties, including data providers.

  2. (2)

    In determining what constitutes the best available information, the FCA shall ensure so far as reasonably possible that:

    1. (a)

      it uses publicly available information in preference to other sources of information;

    2. (b)

      the information covers all trading sessions during the relevant period, irrespective of whether the share traded during all of the sessions;

    3. (c)

      transactions received and included in the calculations are counted only once;

    4. (d)

      transactions reported through a trading venue but executed outside it are not counted.

  3. (3)

    The turnover of a share on a trading venue shall be deemed to be zero where the share is no longer admitted to trading on that trading venue even if the share was admitted to trading on the trading venue during the relevant calculation period.

CHAPTER V FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 7 Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 November 2012, except for Article 6 which shall apply from the date referred to in the first paragraph.

Signature

Done at Brussels, 29 June 2012.

For the Commission

The President

José Manuel BARROSO

ANNEX I TABLE 1 List of fields for notification purpose (Article 2) TABLE 2 List of fields for public disclosure purpose (Article 3)

TABLE 1 List of fields for notification purpose (Article 2)

Field identifier

Description

For natural persons: the first name and the last name

For legal persons: full name including legal form as provided for in the register where it is incorporated, if applicable

Bank Identifier Code, if available

Full address (e.g. street, street number, postal code, city, state/province) and country

Telephone number, fax number (if available), e-mail address

For natural persons: the first name and the last name

For legal persons: full name including legal form as provided for in the register where it is incorporated, if applicable

Full address (e.g. street, street number, postal code, city, state/province) and country, when different from the position holder

Telephone number, fax number (if available), e-mail address, when different from the position holder

Date on which the notification is submitted in accordance with ISO standard 8601:2004 (yyyy-mm-dd)

For shares: full name of the company that has shares admitted to trading on a trading venue

For sovereign debt: full name of the issuer

For uncovered sovereign credit default swaps: full name of the underlying sovereign issuer

For shares only: ISIN of the main class of ordinary shares of the issuer. If there are no ordinary shares admitted to trading, the ISIN of the class of preference shares (or of the main class of preference shares admitted to trading if there are several classes of such shares)

Two letter code for the sovereign issuer country in accordance with ISO standard 3166-1

Date on which the position was created, changed or ceased to be held. Format in accordance with ISO standard 8601:2004 (yyyy-mm-dd)

For shares only: percentage (rounded to 2 decimal places) of the issued share capital, expressed in absolute terms, with no "+" or "–" signs

For shares: total number of equivalent shares

For sovereign debt: equivalent nominal amount in euro

For uncovered sovereign credit default swaps: equivalent nominal amount in euro

Figures expressed in absolute terms, with no "+" or "–" signs and the currency expressed in accordance with ISO standard 4217

Date on which the last position reported by the position holder in relation to the same issuer was notified. Format in accordance with ISO standard 8601:2004 (yyyy-mm-dd)

Date on which a cancellation form is submitted to cancel an erroneous notification previously submitted. Format in accordance with ISO standard 8601:2004 (yyyy-mm-dd)

Free text — optional

TABLE 2 List of fields for public disclosure purpose (Article 3)

Field identifier

Description

For natural persons: the first name and the last name

For legal persons: full name including legal form as provided for in the register where it is incorporated, if applicable

Full name of the company that has shares admitted to trading on a trading venue

ISIN of the main class of ordinary shares of the issuer. If there are no ordinary shares admitted to trading, the ISIN of the class of preference shares (or of the main class of preference shares admitted to trading if there are several classes of such shares)

Percentage (rounded to 2 decimal places) of the issued share capital

Date on which position was created, changed or ceased to be held in accordance with ISO standard 8601:2004 (yyyy-mm-dd)

ANNEX II Format of notification form for net short positions (Article 2)

Format of notification form for net short positions (Article 2)

POSITION HOLDER

First name

LAST NAME

Full company name

BIC code

(if the holder has one)

Country

Address

Contact person

First name

Last name

Phone number

Fax number

E-mail address

REPORTING PERSON

(if different)

First name

LAST NAME

Full company name

Country

Address

Contact person

First name

Last name

Phone number

Fax number

E-mail address

NET SHORT POSITION IN SHARES

2. Name of the issuer

4. Net short position after threshold crossing

NET SHORT POSITION IN SOVEREIGN DEBT

2. Name of the issuer

POSITION IN UNCOVERED SOVEREIGN CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS

2. Name of the issuer

ANNEX III Format of cancellation form for erroneous notifications (Article 2)

Format of cancellation form for erroneous notifications (Article 2)

POSITION HOLDER

First name

LAST NAME

Full company name

BIC code

(if the holder has one)

Country

Address

Contact person

First name

Last name

Phone number

Fax number

E-mail address

REPORTING PERSON

(if different)

First name

LAST NAME

Full company name

Country

Address

Contact person

First name

Last name

Phone number

Fax number

E-mail address

CANCELLED NET SHORT POSITION IN SHARES

2. Name of the issuer

4. Net short position after threshold crossing contained at the notification being cancelled

CANCELLED NET SHORT POSITION IN SOVEREIGN DEBT

2. Name of the issuer

CANCELLED POSITION IN UNCOVERED SOVEREIGN CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS

2. Name of the issuer