THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on markets in financial instruments and amending Directive 2002/92/EC and Directive 2011/61/EU, and in particular Article 58(7) thereof,
In order to bring greater transparency to markets in commodity derivatives, emission allowances and derivatives thereof, market operators and investment firms operating a trading venue on which these financial instruments are traded should make public a weekly report showing the aggregate number of persons holding the contract and the total open position for each commodity derivative, emission allowance or derivative thereof which exceeds the thresholds specified in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/591 with regard to regulatory technical standards for the application of position limits to commodity derivatives and communicate that report to the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA).
Timely submission of reports previously published by the respective trading venues within a clear and common deadline facilitates the weekly centralised publication by ESMA of those reports from across the Union.
For reasons of consistency and in order to ensure the smooth functioning of the financial markets, it is necessary that the provisions laid down in this Regulation and the provisions laid down in Directive 2014/65/EU apply from the same date.
This Regulation is based on the draft implementing technical standards submitted by the ESMA to the Commission.
ESMA has conducted open public consultations on the draft implementing technical standards on which this Regulation is based, analysed the potential related costs and benefits and requested the opinion of the Securities and Markets Stakeholder Group established by Article 37 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council,
HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION: