Related provisions for TC 1.1.1

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To access the FCA Handbook Archive choose a date between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2004 (From field only).



Relevance to Credit Unions

The Principles for Businesses (PRIN)

The Principles for Businesses (PRIN) set out 3high-level requirements 3imposed by the FCA3. They provide a general statement of regulatory requirements. The Principles apply to all10credit unions. In applying the Principles to credit unions, the FCA3 will be mindful of proportionality. In practice, the implications are likely to vary according to the size and complexity 3of the credit union.


Senior Management Arrangements, Systems and Controls (SYSC)

SYSC 1,3SYSC 4 to 10 and SYSC 213 apply to all credit unions in respect of the carrying on of their regulated activities and unregulated activities in a prudential context. SYSC 4.5 (Management responsibilities maps for relevant authorised persons), SYSC 4.7 (Senior management responsibilities for relevant authorised persons: allocation of responsibilities), SYSC 4.9 (Handover procedures and material), SYSC 5.2 (Certification regime) and SYSC 18 apply3 to all credit unions in respect of both their regulated activities and their unregulated activities3.

3Code of Conduct (COCON)

This contains rules and guidance that are directly applicable to a credit union’sSMF managers, certification employees and (from 2017) other conduct rules staff. There is also guidance for credit unions on giving their staff training about COCON.

Threshold Conditions (COND)

In order to become authorised under the Act all firms must meet the threshold conditions. The threshold conditions must be met on a continuing basis by credit unions. Failure to meet one of the conditions is sufficient grounds for the exercise by the FCA3 of its powers.





The Fit and Proper test for Approved Persons (FIT)

The purpose of FIT is to set out and describe the criteria that a firm should3 consider when assessing the fitness and propriety of a person (1)3 in respect of whom an application is being made for approval to undertake a controlled function under the approved persons regime, (2)3 who has already been approved, (3) who is a certification employee or (4) whom a firm is considering appointing to be a certification employee3.

It also sets out and describes criteria that the FCA will consider when assessing the fitness and propriety of a candidate for a controlled function position and that it may consider when assessing the continuing fitness and propriety of approved persons.3


General Provisions (GEN)

GEN contains rules and guidance on general matters, including interpreting the Handbook, statutory status disclosure, the FCA's3 logo and insurance against financial penalties.


Fees manual (FEES)

This manual sets out the fees applying to credit unions.

3Prudential sourcebook for Mortgage and Home Finance Firms, and Insurance Intermediaries (MIPRU)

MIPRU applies to any credit union carrying out insurance mediation activity or home finance mediation activity, or using these services. In particular, it sets out requirements for allocation of responsibility for the credit union’sinsurance mediation activity (MIPRU 2), for the use of home finance intermediaries (MIPRU 5) and for professional indemnity insurance (MIPRU 3).

Conduct of Business sourcebook (COBS)

A credit union which acts as a CTF provider or provides a cash-deposit ISA will need to be aware of the relevant requirements in COBS. COBS 4.6 (Past, simulated past and future performance), COBS 4.7.1 R (Direct offer financial promotions), COBS 4.10 (Systems and controls and approving and communicating financial promotions), COBS 13 (Preparing product information) and COBS 14 (Providing product information to clients) apply with respect to accepting deposits as set out in those provisions, COBS 4.1 and BCOBS. A credit union that communicates with clients, including in a financial promotion, in relation to the promotion of deferred shares and credit union subordinated debt will need to be aware of the requirements of COBS 4.2 (Fair, clear and not misleading communications) and COBS 4.5 (Communicating with retail clients).4

3Insurance: Conduct of Business sourcebook (ICOBS)

ICOBS applies to any credit union carrying on non-investment insurance activities, such as arranging or advising on general insurance contracts to be taken out by members. But ICOBS does not apply to a credit union taking out an insurance policy for itself, such as a policy against default by members on their loans where the credit union is the beneficiary of the policy, since in this circumstance the credit union would not be acting as an insurance intermediary, but would itself be the customer. Credit unions are reminded that they are subject to the requirements of the appropriate legislation, including the Credit Unions Act 1979, relating to activities a credit union may carry on.

3Mortgages and Home Finance: Conduct of Business sourcebook (MCOB)

MCOB applies to any credit union that engages in any home finance activity. MCOB rules cover advising and selling standards, responsible lending (including affordability assessment), charges, and the fair treatment of customers in payment difficulties.

Banking: Conduct of Business sourcebook (BCOBS)

BCOBS sets out rules and guidance for credit unions on how they should conduct their business with their customers. In particular there are rules and guidance relating to communications with banking customers3and financial promotions (BCOBS 2), distance communications (BCOBS 3), information to be communicated to banking customers3(BCOBS 4), post sale requirements (BCOBS 5), and cancellation (BCOBS 6). 3The rules in BCOBS 3.1 that relate to distance contracts may apply 3to a credit union. This is because the Distance Marketing Directive3applies where there is "an organised distance sales or service-provision scheme run by the supplier" (Article 2(a)), i.e. if the credit union routinely sells any of its services by post, telephone, fax or the internet3.

Supervision manual (SUP)

The following provisions of SUP are relevant to credit unions: 11SUP 1A11 (The FCA’s 3 approach to supervision), SUP 2 (Information gathering by the FCA or PRA 3 on its own initiative), SUP 3.1 to SUP 3.8 (Auditors), SUP 5 (Skilled persons), SUP 6 (Applications to vary or cancel Part 4A10permission), SUP 7 (Individual requirements), SUP 8 (Waiver and modification of rules), SUP 9 (Individual guidance), 11SUP 10C (FCA senior management regime for approved persons in relevant authorised persons),3SUP 11 (Controllers and Close links), SUP 15 (Notifications to the FCA or PRA 3) and SUP 16 (Reporting Requirements).

Credit unions are reminded that they are subject to the requirements of the Act and SUP 11 on close links, and are bound to notify the FCA3 of changes. It may be unlikely, in practice, that credit unions will develop such relationships. It is possible, however, that a person may acquire close links with a 3credit union3 within the meaning of the Act by reason of holding the prescribed proportion of deferred shares in the credit union.

In relation to SUP 16, credit unions are exempted from the requirement to submit annual reports of 3close links.


3Consumer Credit sourcebook (CONC)

CONC contains rules that apply to firms carrying on credit-related regulated activities. PERG 2.7.19IG provides guidance on relevant exemptions. Most credit union lending is therefore outside the scope of CONC. However, subject to the constraints in the Credit Unions Act 1979 or the Credit Unions (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 (as relevant), credit unions may undertake credit-related regulated activities to which CONC does apply if the activity is carried out by way of business. This could include lending under a borrower-lender-supplier agreement, or debt adjusting or debt counselling where the credit union is not the lender. A credit union carrying on such activities should consider whether it requires permission to do so. Further information can be found on the FCA’s website.

Decision, Procedure and Penalties manual (DEPP)

DEPP is relevant to credit unions because it sets out:

(1) the FCA's10 decision-making procedure for giving statutory notices. These are warning notices, decision notices and supervisory notices (DEPP 1.2 to DEPP 5); and

(2) the FCA's10 policy with respect to the imposition and amount of penalties under the Act (see DEPP 6).


Dispute Resolution: Complaints (DISP)

DISP sets out rules and guidance in relation to treating complainants fairly and the Financial Ombudsman Service.

Compensation (COMP)

COMP sets out rules relating to the scheme for compensating consumers when authorised firms are unable, or likely to be unable, to satisfy claims against them.10

The Enforcement Guide (EG)

The Enforcement Guide (EG) describes the FCA's10 approach to exercising the main enforcement powers given to it by the Act and by other legislation.2


Financial crime: a guide for firms (FC)

FC provides guidance on steps that a firm can take to reduce the risk that it might be used to further financial crime.

TC App 1.1.1RRP



Is there an appropriate qualification4requirement?


Designated investment business carried on for a retail client

Providing basic advice


Stakeholder products excluding a deposit-based stakeholder product


Advising or giving personal recommendations (as relevant)13


Giving personal recommendations on securities13 which are not stakeholder pension schemes, personal pension schemes7 or broker funds



Giving personal recommendations on derivatives13



Giving personal recommendations on retail investment products13 which are not broker funds




Giving personal recommendations on13Friendly Societylife policies where the employee is not reasonably expected to receive a remuneration of greater than £1000 a year in respect of such sales



Giving personal recommendations on13Friendly Society tax-exempt policies (other than Holloway sickness policies where the Holloway policy special application conditions are met)5



Giving personal recommendations on long-term care insurance contracts13



Giving personal recommendations on investments13 in the course of corporate finance business



Advising on syndicate participation at Lloyd's



Advising on P2P agreements


Undertaking the activity in column 2


Broker fund adviser



Pension transfer specialist


Giving personal recommendations13 and dealing


Giving personal recommendations on and dealing in securities13 which are not stakeholder pension schemes, personal pension schemes7 or broker funds



Giving personal recommendations on and dealing in derivatives13




Securities which are not stakeholder pension schemes, personal pension schemes7 or broker funds





8MiFID business bidding


Emissions auction products that are financial instruments






Overseeing on a day-to-day basis


Operating a collective investment scheme or undertaking the activities of a trustee or depositary of a collective investment scheme



Safeguarding and administering investments or holding client money



Administrative functions in relation to managing investments



Administrative functions in relation to effecting or carrying out contracts of insurance which are life policies



Administrative functions in relation to the operation of stakeholder pension schemes


Mortgage Activity10 and reversion activity carried on for a customer


910Advising; arranging (bringing about) an execution-only sale, excluding variations to an existing home finance transaction except where the effect is to change all or part of the home finance transaction from one interest rate to another.

See Note 3, which for the avoidance of doubt forms part of this rule.


Regulated mortgage contracts for a non-business purpose



Regulated mortgage contracts for a business purpose



Equity release transactions


9Designing scripted questions for execution-only sales


Regulated mortgage contracts for a non-business purpose



Regulated mortgage contracts for a business purpose



Equity release transactions


Overseeing execution-only sales on a day-to-day basis9



Equity release transactions


11MCD credit agreement activities carried on for consumers



an MCD credit agreement


11entering into a regulated mortgage contract or entering into a regulated credit agreement as lender


an MCD credit agreement


11arranging (bringing about) regulated mortgage contracts or acting as an MCD credit broker


an MCD credit agreement


11advising on a regulated mortgage contract or advising on a regulated credit agreement for the acquisition of land


an MCD credit agreement


11directly managing or supervising employees who carry on any of the MCD credit agreement activities 23A to 23D


an MCD credit agreement


[Note: article 9(1) of the MCD]11

Non-investment insurance business carried on for a consumer

Giving personal recommendations13


Giving personal recommendations on non-investment insurance contracts13


3Regulated sale and rent back activity carried on for a customer



Regulated sale and rent back agreements


Overseeing an execution-only sale10 on a day-to-day basis



Regulated sale and rent back agreements




In the Appendix the heading and types of business specified in the headings are to be read in conjunction with the paragraphs appearing beneath them.


Thus, for example, paragraph 24,13 consistent with the heading above it, refers only to personal recommendations given in relation to13non-investment insurance contracts given to a consumer.10



In relation to activity number 9A, see TC 2.1.5HR and TC 2.1.6R(2). There is no qualification for this activity in the list of qualifications set out in TC Appendix 4E. However, the effect of TC 2.1.5HR is that an employeeadvising on P2P agreements must be qualified to the same standard as if that employee were providing investment advice to retail clients on retail investment products.


For the purpose of product numbers 20, 20A and 21 the activity of arranging (bringing about) referred to in the activity column:

(a) includes activity which would be arranging (bringing about) but for the exclusion in article 28A of the Regulated Activities Order; and

(b) does not include activities which taken on their own would not fall within the definition of that activity. For these purposes no account should be taken of the fact that for an activity to be a regulated activity it must be carried on by way of business (see PERG 4.3).


In this Appendix, paragraphs 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D and 23E relate to the implementation of article 9(1) of the MCD. The specified activities do not, in and of themselves, attract a qualification requirement. However, where those activities overlap with those specified under the heading "mortgage activity and reversion activity carried on for a customer", qualification requirements may apply.