Related provisions for PERG 4.4.6

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MCOB 5.6.6RRP
As a minimum the illustration must be personalised to reflect the following requirements of the customer:(1) the specific regulated mortgage contract in which the customer is interested;(2) the amount of the loan required;(3) the price or value of the property on which the regulated mortgage contract would be secured (estimated where necessary);(4) the term of the regulated mortgage contract (where the customer is unable to suggest a date at which he expects to repay the loan,
MCOB 5.6.8GRP
In relation to MCOB 5.6.6 R(3), for the firm to comply with the principle of 'fair, clear11 and not misleading' in MCOB 3A.2.1R(1)11, an estimated valuation, where the estimated valuation is not that provided by the customer, must be a reasonable assessment based on all the facts available at the time. For example, an overstated valuation could enable a more attractive regulated mortgage contract to be illustrated on the basis of a lower ratio of the loan amount to the property
MCOB 5.6.9RRP
The amount referred to in MCOB 5.6.6 R(2) is:(1) in cases where on the basis of the information obtained from the customer before providing the illustration it is clear that the customer would not be eligible to borrow the amount he requested, an estimate of the amount that the customer could borrow based on the information obtained from the customer; or(2) where the regulated mortgage contract is a revolving credit agreement such as a secured overdraft or mortgage credit card:4(a)
MCOB 5.6.10GRP
Firms are reminded that they must comply with MCOB 7.6.5 R in respect of the release of loan instalments after the start of the regulated mortgage contract.
MCOB 5.6.14GRP
(1) MCOB 5.6.13 R applies where, for example, the illustration covers a regulated mortgage contract that is:(a) divided so that a certain amount of the loan is payable on a fixed interest rate, and a certain amount on a discounted interest rate; or(b) a combination of a repayment mortgage and an interest-only mortgage and the loan is subdivided into different types of interest rate and/or different rates of interest.(2) MCOB 5.6.13 R does not apply where an illustration covers
MCOB 5.6.18RRP
(1) Under the section heading 'What you have told us', the illustration must state the information that has been obtained from the customer under MCOB 5.6.6 R (apart from MCOB 5.6.6 R(1) which is provided for in Section 4 of the illustration), and can include brief details of any other information that has been obtained from the customer and used to produce the illustration.(2) If the amount on which the illustration is based includes the amount that the customer wants to borrow
MCOB 5.6.20RRP
Where the same illustration covers a regulated mortgage contract that has different parts of the loan over a different term (that is, the final repayment date of the loan parts are different), either:(1) Section 3 of the illustration must state the amount repayable over each term; or(2) Section 3 of the illustration must state the longest term that applies and Section 4 of the illustration must state the amount repayable over each term.
MCOB 5.6.21RRP
For the purpose of illustrating to the customer the repayment method in Section 3 or Section 4 of the illustration, or the cost of the regulated mortgage contract in Section 5 of the illustration, if the illustration covers a regulated mortgage contract that is a combination of more than one interest-only part on the same product terms but with different repayment dates, the illustration must either treat it as one part by assuming the longest term, or alternatively treat it as
MCOB 5.6.25RRP
Under the section heading 'Description of this mortgage' the illustration must:(1) state the name of the mortgage lender providing the regulated mortgage contract to which the illustration relates (a trading name used by the mortgage lender may also be stated in accordance with MCOB 5.6.2 R(6)), and the name, if any, used to market the regulated mortgage contract;(2) (a) provide a description of the interest rate type and rate of interest that applies in accordance with the format
MCOB 5.6.28RRP
Where the loan under the regulated mortgage contract is divided into more than one part (for example where part of the loan is a fixed interest rate and part of the loan is a discounted variable interest rate) and the firm displays this in a tabular format in the illustration:(1) the following text must be used to introduce the table 'As this mortgage is made up of more than one part, these parts are summarised below:';(2) each part must be numbered for ease of reference in the
MCOB 5.6.34RRP
The following text must be included after the text required by MCOB 5.6.31 R or MCOB 5.6.32 R with the relevant cost measures shown in the right-hand column of Section 5 in accordance with the layout shown in MCOB 5 Annex 1:(1) 'The total amount you must pay back, including the amount borrowed is £[insert total amount payable]';(2) 'This means you pay back £[insert the total amount payable] divided by the amount on which the illustration is based from MCOB 5.6.6 R(2) plus all
MCOB 5.6.37RRP
At the end of Section 5 of the illustration the following text must be included:(1) unless the interest rate is fixed throughout the term of the regulated mortgage contract:'The figures in this section will vary following interest rate changes and if you do not keep the mortgage for [insert term from MCOB 5.6.6 R(4)].'; and(2) (a) where the regulated mortgage contract is a repayment mortgage:'Only use the figures in this section to compare the cost with another repayment mortgage.';
MCOB 5.6.39RRP
MCOB 5.6.40 R to MCOB 5.6.57 G do not apply to loans without a term or regular payment plan where some or all of the interest rolls up, for example bridging loans9, secured overdrafts or mortgage credit cards. In these cases, MCOB 5.6.134 R to MCOB 5.6.138 G apply.9
MCOB 5.6.42RRP
Section 6 of the illustration must contain the following information: (1) the loan amount on which the illustration is based. This figure should include all fees, charges and insurance premiums that have been added to the loan in accordance with MCOB 5.6.18 R(2) and MCOB 5.6.18 R(3), and the following text must follow the loan amount:'and include[s] the [fees] [and] [insurance premiums] that are shown in [Section 8] [and] [Section 9] as being added to your mortgage.'(2) the assumed
MCOB 5.6.44GRP
If appropriate, the two statements required by MCOB 5.6.42 R(1) and MCOB 5.6.42 R(2) may be merged, for example 'These payments are based on a loan amount of £x and assume that the mortgage will start on [dd/mm/yy]'.
MCOB 5.6.52RRP
Where all or part of the regulated mortgage contract to which the illustration relates is an interest-only mortgage:(1) the illustration must include the sub-heading 'Cost of repaying the capital' with the following text under it:'You will still owe [insert amount of loan on an interest-only basis] at the end of the mortgage term. You will need to make separate arrangements to repay this. When comparing the payments on this mortgage with a repayment mortgage, remember to add any
MCOB 5.6.54RRP
Where the loan under the regulated mortgage contract is divided into more than one part (for example, where part of the loan is on a fixed interest rate and part on a discounted variable interest rate) and the firm displays the initial cost of all parts, and the total cost, in a tabular format in the illustration, MCOB 5.6.42 R(3) and MCOB 5.6.46 R do not apply; instead:(1) each part must be numbered for ease of reference in the illustration;(2) the loan amounts must be totalled;(3)
MCOB 5.6.55RRP
Unless all of the interest rates described in MCOB 5.6.54 R(5) apply for the term of the loan part to which they apply, then an additional section numbered as 6a and titled 'What you will need to pay in future' must be included to indicate the future stepped payments (if MCOB 5.6.51 R also applies then the section on deferred interest must be numbered 6b). This section must:(1) state when a change in payment will occur;(2) state the reason for the change in payment; and(3) confirm
MCOB 5.6.58RRP
MCOB 5.6.59 R to MCOB 5.6.65 R do not apply to loans without a term or regular repayment plan where some or all of the interest rolls up, for example, bridging loans9, secured overdrafts or mortgage credit cards. In these cases MCOB 5.6.140 R to MCOB 5.6.145 R apply.9
MCOB 5.6.60RRP
The amount by which the customer's payments would increase in accordance with MCOB 5.6.59 R(1)(g) and (h) must be calculated as follows:(1) the firm must use the total amount borrowed, or assume that all payments due on the regulated mortgage contract have actually been paid, all additional fees and payments due have been paid, and no underpayments or overpayments have been made;(2) where all or part of the regulated mortgage contract is a repayment mortgage, the calculation must
MCOB 5.6.70RRP
(1) If a higher lending charge is payable by the customer, the following text must be used to describe such a charge for the purposes of MCOB 5.6.69 R:'A higher lending charge is payable because you are borrowing [insert the ratio of the mortgage amount (from MCOB 5.6.6 R(2)) to the property's price or value (from MCOB 5.6.6 R(3))] of the property's [estimated] [price/value].'(2) If the customer has asked for any fees to be added to the loan, this must be stated alongside each
MCOB 5.6.78GRP
Under the sub-heading 'Insurance you must take out as a condition of this mortgage but that you do not have to take out through [insert name of mortgage lender or where relevant the name of the mortgage intermediary, or both]' the illustration should not include any insurance policy that may be taken out by a mortgage lender itself to protect its own interests rather than the customer's interests, for example, because of the ratio of the loan amount to the property value.1
MCOB 5.6.79GRP
If the cost of any insurance that the mortgage lender might take out to protect its own interests, because of the ratio of the loan amount to the property value, is passed on to the customer, it will be shown elsewhere in the illustration, for example, as a higher lending charge or in the interest rate charged.
MCOB 5.6.84RRP
Under the heading 'What happens if you do not want this mortgage any more?', the illustration must include the following information on the regulated mortgage contract:(1) under the sub-heading 'Early repayment charges':(a) an explanation that the customer cannot repay the regulated mortgage contract early, if this is the case;(b) an explanation of whether early repayment charges are payable;(c) an explanation of when early repayment charges are payable;(d) an explanation of any
MCOB 5.6.94RRP
The relevant sub-headings are as follows:(1) 'Underpayments';(2) 'Payment holidays';(3) 'Borrow back';(4) 'Incentives';(5) 'Additional borrowing available without further approval';(6) 'Additional secured borrowing';(7) 'Credit card';(8) 'Unsecured borrowing';(9) 'Linked current account'; and(10) 'Linked savings account'.
MCOB 5.6.97RRP
Under the sub-heading 'Borrow back', the illustration must include details of circumstances in which the customer can borrow back any monies overpaid and a brief statement of any conditions that apply.
MCOB 5.6.99RRP
Under the sub-heading 'Additional borrowing available without further approval', the illustration must provide details of circumstances in which there are any linked borrowing facilities that would allow the customer to increase the amount of the loan on which the illustration is based without any further approval from the mortgage lender (for example, if there are additional drawdown facilities).
MCOB 5.6.100RRP
Under the sub-heading 'Additional secured borrowing', the illustration must provide details of circumstances in which additional secured lending is offered with the regulated mortgage contract that would allow the customer, subject to certain conditions, to increase the amount of the loan on which the illustration is based.
MCOB 5.6.101RRP
Under the sub-heading 'Unsecured borrowing', the illustration must provide details of circumstances in which unsecured lending is offered with the regulated mortgage contract that would allow the customer to increase the amount of the loan on which the illustration is based.
MCOB 5.6.103RRP
Where any of the additional features under MCOB 5.6.99 R to MCOB 5.6.102 R inclusive apply, then the following must also be stated if the amount of additional borrowing that would be available to the customer is stated in the illustration:(1) the maximum additional amount available;(2) if the interest rate payable on any additional borrowing is different to the interest rate in Section 4 and Section 6 of the illustration, the interest rate and the APR charged on the additional
MCOB 5.6.104RRP
Where more than one additional borrowing facility from MCOB 5.6.99 R to MCOB 5.6.102 R applies, the total debt and total payments due under all these linked borrowing facilities must be included under a separate sub-section titled 'Total additional borrowing'.1
MCOB 5.6.105GRP
The purpose of MCOB 5.6.104 R is to show the total amount of any additional borrowing facilities that would be available to the customer and the cost of utilising these facilities. It must combine the amount available under any linked borrowing facilities including additional secured lending, credit cards and unsecured lending.
MCOB 5.6.107RRP
Where all or part of the maximum amount of additional borrowing is secured on the customer's home, a prominent warning must be included that additional borrowing increases the amount of credit secured on the customer's home.
MCOB 5.6.108GRP
Suitable wording for the warning contained in MCOB 5.6.107 R would be:'This will increase the amount of borrowing secured on your home'.
MCOB 5.6.124RRP
4(1) 4The following words must be prominently displayed in the illustration, after the contact details: 'Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage'.(2) If the loan may be secured on property which is not the customer's home the statement in (1) may be amended but only to the extent necessary in order to reflect that fact.4
MCOB 5.6.132RRP
If the interest rate charged on the regulated mortgage contract is deferred, MCOB 5.6 applies with the following additions:(1) A section headed: 'Effect of deferring interest on the amount you owe' must be included in the illustration after Section 6.(2) This section must be numbered 6a so that the numbering follows on consecutively from the preceding section unless MCOB 5.6.55 R applies in which case it should be numbered 6b.(3) Under the section heading the following text must
MCOB 5.6.133RRP
MCOB 5.6.134 R to MCOB 5.6.138 G apply only to loans without a term or regular payment plan where some or all of the interest rolls up, for example bridging loans9, secured overdrafts or mortgage credit cards.9
MCOB 5.6.136RRP
Section 6 of the illustration must contain the following information:(1) the loan amount on which the illustration is based. Where fees are being added to the loan then this figure should include all fees, charges and insurance premiums that have been added to the loan in accordance with MCOB 5.6.18 R(2) and MCOB 5.6.18 R(3), and the following text must follow the loan amount:'and include[s] the fees [and insurance premiums] that are shown in Section 8 [and Section 9] as being
MCOB 5.6.139RRP
MCOB 5.6.140 R to MCOB 5.6.145 R apply only to loans without a term or regular payment plan where some or all of the interest rolls up, for example bridging loans9, secured overdrafts or mortgage credit cards.9
MCOB 5.6.141RRP
The amount by which the total amount payable would increase in accordance with MCOB 5.6.140 R(1)(e) must be calculated as follows:(1) unless the total amount borrowed is used, it must be assumed that all payments due on the regulated mortgage contract have actually been paid, all additional fees and payments due have been paid, and no under or overpayments have been made;(2) unless the total amount borrowed is used, the calculation must be based on the amount of the loan outstanding
MCOB 5.6.142RRP
Unless MCOB 5.6.140 R(2)(a) or (b) applies, the following words must be prominently displayed at the end of the sub-section 'What if interest rates go up?':'Rates may increase by much more than this so make sure you can afford this loan.'
MCOB 9.4.6RRP
As a minimum the illustration must be personalised to reflect the following:(1) the specific equity release transaction8 in which the customer is interested;8(2) the amount of the loan or equity8 required by the customer, or for drawdown mortgages and instalment reversion plans,8 the amount the customer wishes to draw down or to receive8 on a monthly (or such frequency that amounts are available) basis. Where the amount the customer can draw down is variable, the firm must agree
MCOB 9.4.9GRP
In relation to the price or value of the property8, in order for the firm to comply with the principle that an illustration should be clear, fair and not misleading8, an estimated valuation, where the estimated valuation is not that provided by the customer, must be a reasonable assessment based on all the facts available at the time. For example, an overstated valuation could enable a more attractive lifetime mortgage7 to be illustrated on the basis of a lower ratio of the loan
MCOB 9.4.13RRP
The amount to be specified in the illustration and 8referred to in MCOB 9.4.6 R(2) is:(1) the amount that the customer has asked to borrow, release8 or draw down; or(2) where the lifetime mortgage7 is a revolving credit agreement such as a secured overdraft or mortgage credit card:67(a) 6(if it provides for an initial drawdown and linked borrowing facilities that would allow the customer to increase the amount of the loan without any further approval from the mortgage lender)
MCOB 9.4.21RRP
(1) Under the section heading "What you have told us", the illustration must state the information that has been obtained from the customer under MCOB 9.4.6 R and MCOB 9.3.12 R (apart from MCOB 9.4.6 R(1) and MCOB 9.4.6 R(5) which are provided for in Section 5 of the illustration ), and can include brief details of any other information that has been obtained from the customer and used to produce the illustration.(2) Where the customer requests an additional illustration showing
MCOB 9.4.24RRP
Under the section heading "Description of this mortgage" the illustration must:(1) state the name of the mortgage lender providing the lifetime mortgage7 to which the illustration relates (a trading name used by the mortgage lender may also be stated in accordance with MCOB 9.4.2 R(6)), and the name, if any, used to market the lifetime mortgage;777(2) include a statement describing the lifetime mortgage;77(3) if the lifetime mortgage7 is linked to an investment, and payments required
MCOB 9.4.25GRP
Examples of types of statement that would satisfy MCOB 9.4.24 R(2) are as follows (more than one may apply to particular types of lifetime mortgage7):7(1) For an interest roll-up mortgage12: "You do not have to make any repayments during the life of this lifetime mortgage. The loan, all of the interest and charges due to [name of mortgage lender] will be repaid from the sale of your home. This will happen on your death [or the death of the last borrower] or if you move home (either
MCOB 9.4.28RRP
Where the loan under the lifetime mortgage7 is divided into more than one part (for example where part of the loan is a fixed interest rate and part of the loan is a discounted variable interest rate) and the firm displays this in a tabular format in the illustration:7(1) the following text must be used to introduce the table "As this lifetime mortgage is made up of more than one part, these parts are summarised below:";(2) each part must be numbered for ease of reference in the
MCOB 9.4.39RRP
Section 8 of the illustration must contain the following information:(1) the loan amount on which the illustration is based. This figure should include all fees, charges and insurance premiums that have been added to the loan in accordance with MCOB 9.4.21 R(3) and MCOB 9.4.21 R(4), and the following text must follow the loan amount:"which include[s] the [fees] [and] [insurance premiums] that are shown in [Section 11] [and] [Section 12] as being added to your lifetime mortgage.";(2)
MCOB 9.4.40GRP
If appropriate, the two statements required by MCOB 9.4.39 R(1) and MCOB 9.4.39 R(2) may be merged, for example "These payments are based on a loan amount of £x and assume that the lifetime mortgage will start on [dd/mm/yy].".
MCOB 9.4.47RRP
Where the loan under the lifetime mortgage7 is divided into more than one part (for example, where part of the loan is on a fixed interest rate and part on a discounted variable interest rate) and the firm displays the initial cost of all parts, and the total cost, in a tabular format in the illustration, MCOB 9.4.39 R(3) and MCOB 9.4.43 R do not apply; instead:7(1) each part must be numbered for ease of reference in the illustration;(2) the loan amounts must be totalled;(3) the
MCOB 9.4.48RRP
Unless all of the interest rates described in MCOB 9.4.47 R(4) apply for the life of the loan part to which they apply, then an additional sub section titled "What you will owe in future" must be included to indicate the future stepped payments. This section must:(1) state when a change in payment will occur;(2) state the reason for the change in payment; and(3) confirm that the payment illustrated assumes that interest rates will not change.
MCOB 9.4.49GRP
Section 8 headed "What you will owe and when" (B) "Projection of roll-up of interest" applies only where all or part of the interest due over the life of the lifetime mortgage7 is or may be12 added to the loan and paid to the mortgage lender on repayment of the loan. The projection should be based on the term of the lifetime mortgage7 estimated in accordance with MCOB 9.4.10 R (and if required, MCOB 9.4.12 R).77
MCOB 9.4.51RRP
The table showing the projection in the section headed "Projection of roll-up of interest" should show annual details in columns under the following headings:(1) "Year": this should list the years as 1,2,3... etc. The start date for year one must be an assumed date of completion of thelifetime mortgage.7 The table must show each year of the term estimated in accordance with MCOB 9.4.10 R (or if required, MCOB 9.4.12 R).7(2) "Balance at start of year": this must show the estimated
MCOB 9.4.62RRP
Where the customer is required to make payments to the mortgage lender on the lifetime mortgage7 in respect of the interest payable, and therefore the amount outstanding on the lifetime mortgage7 will broadly remain unchanged, Section 10: "How the value of your home could change" must contain the following text:"The amount you owe will usually stay the same over the life of the mortgage so the amount due to [name of mortgage lender] when the mortgage is repaid will be [amount
MCOB 9.4.69RRP
(1) If a higher lending charge is payable by the customer, the following text must be used to describe such a charge for the purposes of MCOB 9.4.68 R:"A higher lending charge is payable because you are borrowing [insert the ratio of the mortgage amount (from MCOB 9.4.13 R) to the property's price or value (from MCOB 9.4.6 R(3))] of the property's [estimated] [price/value]."(2) If the customer has asked for any fees to be added to the loan, this must be stated alongside each fee.2(3)
MCOB 9.4.77GRP
Under the sub-heading "Insurance you must take out as a condition of this mortgage but that you do not have to take out through [insert name of mortgage lender or where relevant the name of the mortgage intermediary, or both]", the illustration should not include any insurance policy that may be taken out by a mortgage lender itself to protect its own interests rather than the customer's interests, for example, because of the ratio of the loan amount to the property value.1
MCOB 9.4.78GRP
If the cost of any insurance that the mortgage lender might take out to protect its own interests because of the ratio of the loan to the property value is passed on to the customer, it will be shown elsewhere in the illustration, for example as a higher lending charge or in the interest rate charged.
MCOB 9.4.83RRP
Under the heading "What happens if you do not want this mortgage any more?", the illustration must include the following information on the lifetime mortgage:77(1) under the sub-heading "Early repayment charges":(a) an explanation of whether early repayment charges are payable;(b) an explanation of when early repayment charges are payable;(c) an explanation of any other fees that are payable if the lifetime mortgage7 is repaid early, and the current level of these fees;7(d) a
MCOB 9.4.93RRP
The relevant sub-headings are as follows:(1) "Overpayments"(2) "Underpayments"(3) "Payment holidays"(4) "Borrow back"(5) "Additional borrowing available without further approval"(6) "Additional secured borrowing"(7) "Credit card"(8) "Unsecured borrowing"(9) "Linked current account" and(10) "Linked savings account".
MCOB 9.4.99RRP
Under the sub-heading "Additional borrowing available without further approval", the illustration must provide details of circumstances in which additional secured lending is offered with the lifetime mortgage7 that would allow the customer, subject to certain conditions, to increase the amount of the loan on which the illustration is based.7
MCOB 9.4.100RRP
Under the sub-heading "Additional secured borrowing", the illustration must provide details of circumstances in which additional secured lending is offered with the lifetime mortgage7 that would allow the customer, subject to certain conditions, to increase the amount of the loan on which the illustration is based.7
MCOB 9.4.101RRP
Under the sub-heading "Unsecured borrowing", the illustration must provide details of circumstances in which unsecured lending is offered with the lifetime mortgage7 that would allow the customer to increase the amount of the loan on which the illustration is based.7
MCOB 9.4.103RRP
Where any of the additional features under MCOB 9.4.99 R to MCOB 9.4.102 R inclusive apply, then the following must also be stated if the amount of additional borrowing that would be available to the customer is stated in the illustration:(1) the maximum additional amount available;(2) if the interest rate payable on any additional borrowing is different to the interest rate in Section 5 and Section 8 of the illustration, the interest rate and the APR charged on the additional
MCOB 9.4.104RRP
Where more than one additional borrowing facility from MCOB 9.4.99 R to MCOB 9.4.102 R applies, the total debt and total payments due (if payments are required) under all these linked borrowing facilities must be included under a separate sub-section titled 'Total additional borrowing'.1
MCOB 9.4.105GRP
The purpose of MCOB 9.4.104 R is to show the total amount of any additional borrowing facilities that would be available to the customer and the cost of utilising these facilities. It must combine the amount available under any linked borrowing facilities including additional secured lending, credit cards and unsecured lending.
MCOB 9.4.107RRP
Where all or part of the maximum amount of additional borrowing is secured on the customer's home, a prominent warning must be included that additional borrowing increases the amount of credit secured on the customer's home.
MCOB 9.4.108GRP
Suitable wording for the warning contained in MCOB 9.4.107 R would be:"This will increase the amount of borrowing secured on your home.".
MCOB 9.4.118GRP
The purpose of the illustration is to provide the customer with details of the cost of borrowing the amount required over the example term from MCOB 9.4.6 R and MCOB 9.4.10 R (or MCOB 9.4.12 R). Section 14 has been designed specifically to allow examples of the effect of any additional features of the lifetime mortgage7 such as a linked current account. Examples of these features should therefore be shown in Section 14 and not in Section 15 or Section 8 of the illustration.7
MCOB 9.4.132CGRP
If only part of the loan under the lifetime mortgage is of the type described in MCOB 9.4.132AR (for example, if part of the loan is on an interest roll-up basis from the outset, and part is convertible from interest-paying to interest roll-up):(1) the modifications set out in MCOB 9.4.132DR apply only to that part of the loan that is of the type described in MCOB 9.4.132AR; and(2) the projection of roll-up of interest on the part of the loan that is on an interest roll-up basis
PERG 4.4.1-AGRP
5A contract is not a regulated mortgage contract if it is:(1) a loan to a commercial borrower excluded under PERG 4.4.17 G or PERG 4.4.21 G; or(2) a second charge loan by a credit union excluded under PERG 4.4.24 G; or(3) a second charge bridging loan excluded under PERG 4.4.27 G;66(4) a CBTL credit agreement excluded as described in PERG 4.4.31G.6
PERG 4.4.2GRP
The condition set out in PERG 4.4.1G (1) limits the range of borrowers to whom the protections of the mortgage regulation regime apply to individuals and trustees. If a company (which is not acting as a trustee) borrows money for the purpose of funding the company's business, and the loan is secured by a mortgage over the company's property, the mortgage contract is not a regulated mortgage contract. So a lender will not carry on a regulated activity by entering into that contract,
PERG 4.4.2AGRP
(1) 5A loan to a trustee is caught, even if the trustee or the beneficiary is not an individual.(2) Therefore, it is possible that a loan to a trustee acting for a large commercial company is a regulated mortgage contract.(3) In practice, the exclusions for loans to commercial borrowers (in particular, see PERG 4.4.17 G and PERG 4.4.21 G) are likely to prevent such loans from being regulated mortgage contracts.(4) If:(a) the loan is made to a trustee;(b) the trustee is a bare
PERG 4.4.2BGRP
5A loan to a partnership may be a loan to an individual if the partnership is made up of real people (that is natural, as opposed to legal, persons).
PERG 4.4.4GRP
There may, however, be instances where an existing contract, which was not a regulated mortgage contract at the time it was entered into, is replaced as a result of a variation (whether the variation is initiated by the customer or by the lender), and the new contract qualifies as a regulated mortgage contract. A person may therefore need to consider this possibility (which could affect contracts initially entered into before 31 October 2004 as well as subsequent loans) when deciding
PERG 4.4.6AGRP
5The most obvious example of a regulated mortgage contract is a loan made to an individual to enable the individual to buy a home for themselves where the loan is secured on that home. However, there is no requirement that the borrower should occupy the property. There is a requirement that at least 40% of the land should be used as a house, but no requirement that it is the borrower who uses it as a house. So, for example:(1) a loan may be a regulated mortgage contract if the
PERG 4.4.7GRP
The expression 'as or in connection with a dwelling' set out in PERG 4.4.1G (3) means that loans to buy a small house with a large garden would in general be covered. However, if at the time of entering into the contract the intention was for the garden to be used for some other purpose – for example, if it was intended that a third party were to have use of the garden – the contract would not constitute a regulated mortgage contract. Furthermore, the FCA would not regard a loan
PERG 4.4.10GRP
The definition of regulated mortgage contract contains no reference to the purpose for which the loan is being made. So, in addition to loans made to individuals to purchase residential property, the definition is wide enough to cover other loans secured on land, such as loans to consolidate debts, or to enable the borrower to purchase other goods and services.
PERG 4.4.11GRP
The definition of regulated mortgage contract also covers a variety of types of product. Apart from the normal mortgage loan for the purchase of property, the definition also includes other types of secured loan, such as secured overdraft facility, a bridging loan (although bridging loans described in PERG 4.4.27 G are not regulated mortgage contracts)5,4 a secured credit card facility and regulated lifetime mortgage contracts under which the borrower (usually an older person)
PERG 4.4.12GRP
Loans secured on commercial premises are not regulated mortgage contracts as the property will not be used as or in connection with a dwelling.5
PERG 4.4.16GRP
5A mortgage has a wide meaning for the purpose of the definition of a regulated mortgage contract. It includes:(1) a legal mortgage;(2) equitable security;(3) (in Scotland) a heritable security; and(4) security commonly used in another EEA State for loans secured on residential property.
PERG 4.4.18GRP
5The Regulated Activities Order refers to this as an “investment property loan”.
PERG 4.4.20GRP
(1) 5If less than 40% of the land secured by the mortgage is used, or intended to be used, as or in connection with a dwelling then the exclusion for loans to commercial borrowers described in PERG 4.4.17 G is irrelevant, as the loan falls outside PERG 4.4.1 G and so cannot be a regulated mortgage contract.(2) The exclusion becomes relevant (if all the conditions in PERG 4.4.17 G are met) if at least 40% of the land secured by the mortgage is used, or intended to be used, as or
PERG 4.4.25GRP
5The Regulated Activities Order refers to this as a “limited interest second charge credit union loan”.
PERG 4.4.26GRP
5The exclusion in PERG 4.4.24 G only applies if the loan meets the following conditions:(1) the borrower receives timely information on the main features, risks and costs of the contract at the pre-contractual stage; and(2) any advertising of the contract is fair, clear and not misleading.
PERG 4.4.28CGRP
8A contract is excluded from the definition of regulated mortgage contract if, at the time is entered into, it meets the following conditions:(1) it provides for credit to be granted by a ‘housing authority’ within the meaning of article 60E of the Regulated Activities Order. The definition in article 60E includes housing associations registered under the relevant housing legislation (see PERG 2.7.19FAG);(2) if entered into on or after 21 March 2016:(a) it is an agreement of a
PERG 4.4.28DGRP
8The Regulated Activities Order refers to such a contract as an ‘exempt housing authority loan’.
PERG 4.4.29GRP
5The two exclusions for loans to commercial borrowers (PERG 4.4.17 G and PERG 4.4.21 G) depend on the borrower not being a consumer. For these purposes, if an agreement includes a declaration which:(1) is made by the borrower; and(2) includes:(a) a statement that the agreement is entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower;(b) a statement that the borrower understands that the borrower
MCOB 1.2.1RRP
1(1) This sourcebook3 applies to every firm that:113(a) carries on a home finance activity3 (subject to 31the business loan and loans to high net worth mortgage customers7 application provisions3); or3(b) communicates or approves a financial promotion of qualifying credit, of a home purchase plan,6of a home reversion plan3or of a regulated sale and rent back agreement.636(2) Where a firm has outsourced activities to a third party processor, any rule in MCOB which requires the
MCOB 1.2.4GRP
The tailored provisions are those in the sections 'Business loans and loans to high net worth mortgage customers: tailored provisions’ set out in each relevant chapter.737
MCOB 1.2.5GRP
(1) In order for a loan to fall within the definition of a regulated mortgage contract, at least 40% of the total of the land to be given as security must be used as or in connection with a dwelling. Therefore, the variation in approach provided for in MCOB 1.2.3 R(2) can only apply where the loan being used for a business purpose is secured against a property at least 40 per cent of which is used as a dwelling. It cannot apply to a loan secured on property that is used solely
MCOB 1.2.7RRP
In relation to a regulated mortgage contract for a business purpose or with a high net worth mortgage customer7, if a firm has opted for the tailored route, it must adopt the following modifications to the sourcebook:333(1) 11substitute an alternative description of the facility provided under the regulated mortgage contract for 'mortgage' where that term is used in any disclosure;733337(2) substitute the term 'illustration' for ‘Key facts illustration’ when opting to use the
MCOB 1.2.8GRP
(1) Firms are reminded of the requirement in MCOB 3A.2.1R8 that any communication should be fair, clear8 and not misleading when substituting an alternative for the term 'mortgage' in accordance with MCOB 1.2.7 R(1).88(2) Possible alternatives to the term 'mortgage' include, for example, 'secured overdraft', 'secured loan' or 'secured business credit'.7
MCOB 1.2.9GRP
The disclosure rules in MCOB place particular emphasis on the description of borrowing. Where the regulated mortgage contract is for a business purpose or with a high net worth mortgage customer7 who is not a consumer under an MCD regulated mortgage contract8, a firm should reflect this emphasis in any disclosure by first describing any borrowing before addressing the other facilities provided under the regulated mortgage contract.
MCOB 1.2.9DRRP
7A firm must not treat a loan as being solely for a business purpose for the purposes of MCOB unless it has reviewed a business plan provided by the customer which provides credible evidence that that is the case.
MCOB 1.2.19GRP
(1) 8To meet the definition of an MCD credit agreement (including a foreign currency loan), a contract must come within the definition at the time it is entered into.(2) The effect of (1) is that: (a) a contract which, at the time it is entered into, comes within the definition of an MCD regulated mortgage contract (and a foreign currency loan where applicable) remains an MCD regulated mortgage contract (and a foreign currency loan where applicable) throughout its remaining term,
MCOB 7.6.7RRP
Before a customer submits an application to a firm for a further advance on an existing regulated mortgage contract or for a further advance that is a new regulated mortgage contract, if the further advance requires the approval of the mortgage lender, the firm must provide the customer with either8(1) an illustration that complies with the requirements of MCOB 5 (Pre-application disclosure) and MCOB 7.6.9R to MCOB 7.6.17R; or8(2) an ESIS that complies with MCOB 5A (MCD pre-application
MCOB 7.6.9RRP
An8illustration provided in accordance with MCOB 7.6.7R(1)8 must:(1) be based on the amount of the further advance only;(2) use the term 'additional borrowing' in place of the term 'mortgage' where appropriate throughout the titles and text of the illustration;(3) include an additional section headed: 'Total borrowing' and numbered '7a' after Section 7, including the following text:(a) "This section gives you information about how your mortgage will be affected by taking out this
MCOB 7.6.12GRP
An example of the total borrowing section referred to in MCOB 7.6.9 R(3) is in MCOB 7 Annex 1.
MCOB 7.6.13RRP
Where not all of the mortgage interest rates described in accordance with MCOB 5.6.25 R(2)(a) apply for the term of the loan part to which they apply, the firm must disclose the amount that will be paid in each instalment when complying with MCOB 7.6.9 R(3)(b), including the following information:(1) when a change in payment will occur;(2) the reason for the change in payment; and(3) confirmation that the payment illustrated assumes rates will not change.
MCOB 7.6.15GRP
MCOB 7.6.14 R allows the firm to make changes to wording and to add, remove or alter information that would otherwise be misleading for the customer. For example, the firm may add text to let the customer know if conditions applying to the original mortgage do not apply to the additional borrowing, such as 'The early repayment charges applying to your existing loan do not apply to this additional borrowing.'
MCOB 7.6.18RRP
Before a customer submits an application to a firm to change all or part of a regulated mortgage contract from one interest rate to another (for example, a transfer from a variable rate regulated mortgage contract to a fixed rate regulated mortgage contract, or from one fixed rate regulated mortgage contract to another fixed rate regulated mortgage contract), the firm must provide the customer with either:77(1) an illustration for the whole loan that complies with the requirements
MCOB 7.6.22RRP
Before a customer submits an application to add or remove a party to a regulated mortgage contract, a firm must provide any customer who will remain or become a party to the contract with either:717(1) an illustration for the whole loan that complies with the requirements of MCOB 5 (Pre-application disclosure); or7(2) an ESIS for the whole loan which complies with the requirements of MCOB 5A (MCD Pre-application disclosure).7
MCOB 7.6.33GRP
7(1) Where a customer simultaneously requests a rate switch and the addition or removal of a party to the loan, a firm will not be required to provide the customer with a separate illustration for each in accordance with MCOB 7.6.18R (1) and MCOB 7.6.22R (1). The firm may provide the customer with a single illustration that complies with the requirements of MCOB 5(Pre-application disclosure) for both.7(2) Where a customer simultaneously requests a rate switch and the addition
CONC 2.10.5GRP
Where a firm reasonably suspects a customer has, or may have, some form of mental capacity limitation which would constrain the customer's ability to make a decision to borrow, the firm should not regard the customer as lacking capacity to make the decision unless the firm has taken reasonable steps without success to assist the customer to make a decision. [Note: paragraph 3.2 of MCG]
CONC 2.10.7GRP
Where a firm understands or reasonably suspects a customer has a condition of a type in CONC 2.10.6 G, this does not necessarily mean that the customer does not have the mental capacity to make an informed borrowing decision. See also CONC 2.10.15 G. [Note: paragraph 2.10 of MCG]
CONC 2.10.8GRP
A firm is likely to have reasonable grounds to suspect a customer may have some form of mental capacity limitation if the firm observes a specific indication (behavioural or otherwise) that could be indicative of some form of limitation of the customer's mental capacity. Examples (amongst others) of indications might include: (1) where a firm has an existing relationship with a customer, the customer making a decision that appears to the firm to be unexpected or out of character;
CONC 2.10.15GRP
Where a firm knows, or reasonably suspects, that a customer has or may have one of the conditions in CONC 2.10.6 G this could justifiably act as a trigger for the firm to consider the potential specific steps in giving effect to the firm's practices and procedures for assessing: (1) whether or not the customer appears able to understand, remember, and weigh up the information and explanations provided and, when having done so, make an informed borrowing decision;(2) whether the
CONC 2.10.16GRP
Firms' practices and procedures should be designed to assist customers that firms understand have, or reasonably suspect of having, mental capacity limitations to overcome, to the extent possible, the effect of the limitations and place them, to the extent possible, on an equivalent basis to customers who do not have such limitations, to increase the likelihood of customers being able to make informed borrowing decisions. [Note: paragraph 4.4 of MCG]
CONC 2.10.17GRP
Where a firm understands, or reasonably suspects, a customer has or may have a mental capacity limitation it should consider allowing the customer: (1) sufficient time in the circumstances to weigh up the information and explanations the firm has given;(2) sufficient time in the circumstances to make an informed borrowing decision;(3) to defer a decision to borrow to a later date.[Note: paragraphs 4.26, 4.27 and 4.28 of MCG]
CONC 2.10.18GRP
Where a firm understands, or reasonably suspects, a customer has or may have a mental capacity limitation it should apply a high level of scrutiny to the customer's application for credit, in order to mitigate the risk of the customer entering into unsustainable borrowing (see CONC 5.2 and CONC 5.3). [Note: paragraphs 4.32 and 4.33 of MCG]
CONC 2.10.19GRP
(1) A firm should balance the risk of a customer taking on unsustainable borrowing against inappropriately or unnecessarily denying credit to a customer. (2) Where a firm understands or reasonably suspects a customer has or may have a mental capacity limitation, it should undertake an appropriate and effective creditworthiness assessment or assessment required by CONC 5.2.2R (1) and it would be appropriate not to place over-reliance on information provided by the customer for
MIPRU 4.2A.4RRP
The credit risk capital requirement3of a firm is 8% of the total of its risk weighted exposure amounts for exposures that:3(1) are on its balance sheet; and(2) derive from: (a) a loan entered into; or(b) a securitisation position originated; or(c) a fund3position entered into;3on or after 26 April 2014; and (3) have not been deducted from the firm'scapital resources under MIPRU 4.4.4 R or MIPRU 4.2BA;calculated in accordance with MIPRU 4.2A.
MIPRU 4.2A.4ARRP
Loans, securitisation positions and fund positions entered into before 26 April 2014 are excluded from the credit risk capital requirement calculation.
MIPRU 4.2A.5RRP
Any arrangements entered into on or after 26 April 20142 which increase the amount of a loan already advanced or change the security to a loan already advanced or change the contractual terms (other than if the firm is exercising forbearance) of a loan already advanced will be subject to the credit risk capital requirement under MIPRU 4.2A.4R (2)(a) provided that, where the arrangements only increase the amount of a loan already advanced, such requirement shall only apply to the
MIPRU 4.2A.5AGRP
The arrangements excluded from the credit risk capital requirement3 include:3(1) a loan acquired by a firm on or 3after 26 April 2014 if that loan was made before 26 April 2014;(2) arrangements made as a result of forbearance procedures, including: (a) a change in the basis of interest payments from variable to fixed rate; or(b) a change from a repayment mortgage to interest only; or(c) the capitalisation of interest which increases the principal outstanding, where there is no
MIPRU 4.2A.5BGRP
3A firm may exclude loans or home reversion plans entered into before 26 April 2014 where they meet the conditions in MIPRU 4.2.14 R, applied in accordance with MIPRU 4.2.15 E to MIPRU 4.2.17 E.
MIPRU 4.2A.6ARRP
3A firm must assign each exposure to one of the following exposure classes: (1) loans or contingent loans secured on real estate property;(2) other loans;(3) securitisation positions; (4) exposures in the form of funds; or(5) past due items.
MIPRU 4.2A.10BRRP
3To calculate risk weighted exposure amounts on other loans, risk weights must be applied to all such exposures in accordance with MIPRU 4.2F.38 R.
GENPRU 2.2.227RRP
A loan is connected lending of a capital nature if:(1) it is made by the bank to a connected party; and(2) it falls into GENPRU 2.2.228 R.
GENPRU 2.2.228RRP
A loan falls into this rule for the purposes of GENPRU 2.2.227R (2) if, whether through contractual, structural, reputational or other factors:(1) based on the terms of the loan and the other knowledge available to the bank, the borrower would be able to consider it from the point of view of its characteristics as capital as being similar to share capital or subordinated debt; or(2) the position of the lender from the point of view of maturity and repayment is inferior to that
GENPRU 2.2.229RRP
A loan is also connected lending of a capital nature if:(1) it funds directly or indirectly a loan to a connected party of the bank falling into GENPRU 2.2.228 R1 or an investment in the capital of a connected party of the bank; and(2) it falls into GENPRU 2.2.228 R.
GENPRU 2.2.231RRP
A guarantee is connected lending of a capital nature if it is a guarantee by the bank of a loan from a third party to a connected party of the bank and:(1) the loan meets the requirements of GENPRU 2.2.228 R; or(2) the rights that the bank would have against the borrower with respect to the guarantee meet the requirements of GENPRU 2.2.228R (2).
GENPRU 2.2.232RRP
A guarantee is also connected lending of a capital nature if it is a guarantee by the bank of a loan falling into GENPRU 2.2.229R (1); and(1) the loan meets the conditions in GENPRU 2.2.228 R; or(2) the guarantee meets the conditions in GENPRU 2.2.231R (2).
GENPRU 2.2.234GRP
A loan may initially fall outside the definition of connected lending of a capital nature but later fall into it. For example, if the initial lending to a connected party is subsequently downstreamed to another connected party the relationship between the bank and the ultimate borrower may be such that, looking at the arrangements as a whole, the undertaking to which the bank lends is able to regard the loan to it as being capable of absorbing losses.
GENPRU 2.2.235GRP
Lending to a connected party will not normally be connected lending of a capital nature where that party:(1) is acting as a vehicle to pass funding to an unconnected party; and(2) has no other creditors whose claims could be senior to those of the lender.
GENPRU 2.2.260RRP
Illiquid assets means illiquid assets including(1) tangible fixed assets (except land and buildings if they are used by a firm as security for loans, but this exclusion is only up to the value of the principal outstanding on the loans); or(2) any holdings in the capital resources of credit institutions or financial institutions, except to the extent that:(a) they have already been deducted as a material holding; or(b) they are shares which are included in a firm'strading book
GENPRU 2.2.261GRP
If a loan or other amount owing to a firm was originally due to be paid more than 90 days from the date of the making of the loan or the incurring of the payment obligation, as the case may be, it may be treated as liquid for the purposes of GENPRU 2.2.260R (6) where through the passage of time the remaining time to the contractual repayment date falls below 90 days.
GENPRU 2.2.262GRP
If a loan or other amount is due to be paid within 90 days (whether measured by reference to original or remaining maturity), a firm should consider whether it can reasonably expect the amount owing to be paid within that period. If the firm cannot reasonably expect it to be paid within that period the firm should treat it as illiquid.
CREDS 7.2.4GRP
CREDS 2.2.6 R requires a credit union to maintain a manual of its policies and procedures. This should include the policy and procedure for making loans.
CREDS 7.2.6GRP
The lending policy should consider the conditions for and amounts of loans to members, individual mandates, and the handling of loan applications.
CREDS 7.2.7RRP
(1) A credit union must not make a loan to: (a) one of its officers, certification employees2 or approved persons on terms more favourable than those available to other members of the credit union unless: 2(i) that person is a paid employee (other than a director) of the credit union; and (ii) the registered rules of the credit union provide explicitly for the making of loans to paid employees on such terms; (b) (in the case of a Great Britain credit union) 1a relative of, or
CREDS 7.2.8GRP
(1) To prevent conflicts of interest, a credit union should have clear arrangements for dealing with loans to the persons specified in CREDS 7.2.7 R.(2) In relation to staff, the prohibition in CREDS 7.2.7 R applies only to those who are officers, certification employees2 or approved persons.2(3) "Connected" in CREDS 7.2.7 R includes any close business or personal relationship.
CREDS 7.2.12GRP
(1) A credit union may make a loan to a member for a business purpose. However, this does not mean that a credit union may make a loan to a member who merely intends to transmit that loan to another body that will actually carry out the purpose.(2) A credit union should not make loans to members who are acting together to achieve an aggregate loan that exceeds the limits in the lending policy2.
CONC 2.5A.3RRP
A firm must ensure that the price comparison website enables: (1) a customer to enter the value and duration of the customer’s desired loan when specifying the criteria for a search; and (2) a search to be made of the high-cost short-term credit products covered by the website and the results of the search to be displayed on the basis of only that information.
CONC 2.5A.4GRP
(1) A firm’s obligations under CONC 2.5A.3R(1) and (2) may be satisfied by enabling a customer to select from a reasonable range of options of values of loan or of durations of loan, when specifying the criteria for a search.(2) What is a reasonable range of options for a search will depend, for example, on the breadth of value of loans or on the duration of loans that appear on the price comparison website. For example, it may be reasonable depending on the circumstances to allow
CONC 2.5A.5RRP
In response to a request to perform a search for a high-cost-short-term credit product, the firm must ensure that the price comparison website:(1) displays specific information relating to each loan covered by the website which corresponds to the search criteria entered by the customer as a separate result; (2) ranks those results in order of total amount payable in accordance with CONC 3.5.5R(2), with the loan with the lowest total amount payable first and the highest last; and
CONC 2.5A.6RRP
A firm must ensure that neither: (1) the ranking of the results of a search for a high-cost-short-term credit product, nor (2) the prominence of the display of the results of such a search, nor (3) whether a loan from a lender or credit broker, whose loans the firm arranges to compare or claims to compare, is displayed in the results of such a search, is based (wholly or partly) on the firm’s commercial interests or its commercial relationship with any person.
CONC 2.5A.7GRP
(1) The information displayed on the price comparison website (for example, information concerning a loan, the results of a search or claims about the market coverage of the website) will need to comply with the financial promotion rules in CONC 3. In particular, it will need to comply with the requirement for a communication or a financial promotion to be clear, fair and not misleading. The results of a search also need to comply with the detailed rules in CONC 3.5. In particular,
BIPRU 5.4.1RRP
(1) Where the credit risk mitigation used relies on the right of a firm to liquidate or retain assets, eligibility depends upon whether risk weighted exposure amounts, and, as relevant, expected loss amounts, are calculated under the standardised approach or the IRB approach.(2) Eligibility further depends upon whether the financial collateral simple method is used or the financial collateral comprehensive method.(3) In relation to repurchase transactions and securities or commodities
BIPRU 5.4.27RRP
In the case of a firm using the financial collateral comprehensive method, where an exposure takes the form of securities or commodities sold, posted or lent under a repurchase transaction or under a securities or commodities lending or borrowing transaction, and margin lending transactions the exposure value must be increased by the volatility adjustment appropriate to such securities or commodities as prescribed in BIPRU 5.4.30 R to BIPRU 5.4.65 R.[Note: BCD Article 78(1), third
BIPRU 5.4.39RRP
(1) For secured lending transactions the liquidation period is 20 business days.(2) For repurchase transactions (except insofar as such transactions involve the transfer of commodities or guaranteed rights relating to title to commodities) and securities lending or borrowing transactions the liquidation period is 5 business days.(3) For other capital market-driven transactions1, the liquidation period is 10 business days.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 37]
BIPRU 5.4.41RRP
For non-eligible securities or for commodities lent or sold under repurchase transactions or securities or commodities lending or borrowing transactions, the volatility adjustment is the same as for non-main index equities listed on a recognised investment exchange or a designated investment exchange.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 39]
BIPRU 5.4.51RRP
The liquidation period is 20 business days for secured lending transactions; 5 business days for repurchase transactions except insofar as such transactions involve the transfer of commodities or guaranteed rights relating to title to commodities and securities lending or borrowing transactions; and 10 business days for other capital market-driven transactions1.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 48]
BIPRU 5.4.62RRP
In relation to repurchase transaction and securities lending or borrowing transactions, where a firm uses the supervisory volatility adjustments approach or the own estimates of volatility adjustments approach and where the conditions set out in (1) - (8) are satisfied, a firm may, instead of applying the volatility adjustments calculated under BIPRU 5.4.30 R to BIPRU 5.4.61 R, apply a 0% volatility adjustment:(1) both the exposure and the collateral are cash or debt securities
BIPRU 5.4.65RRP
If under the CRD implementation measure for a particular EEA State with respect to point 58 of Part 3 of Annex VIII of the Banking Consolidation Directive (Conditions for applying the 0% volatility adjustment) the treatment set out in that point is permitted to be applied in the case of repurchase transactions or securities lending or borrowing transactions in securities issued by the domestic government of that EEA State, then a firm may adopt the same approach to the same transactions.[Note:BCD
BIPRU 12.5.36RRP
Where a firm has an intra-group liquidity modification permitting it to rely on liquidity from other members of its group in order to satisfy the overall liquidity adequacy rule, or may be exposed to calls on its own liquidity resources from others in its group, then in assessing its intra-groupliquidity risk it must:(1) take into account:(a) the extent to which it and other entities in its group have access to central bank funding;(b) in relation to any group entity on which
BIPRU 12.5.49GRP
For the purpose of BIPRU 12.5.48G, a firm should:(1) consider its contractual exposure to the following types of commitment: committed funding facilities, undrawn loans and advances to wholesale counterparties, mortgages that have been agreed but not yet been drawn down, credit cards, overdrafts (and other retail lending facilities);(2) ensure that its analysis of each type of commitment is sufficiently granular to enable that firm to:(a) assess the circumstances in which counterparties
BIPRU 12.5.65GRP
BIPRU 12.2.5 G notes that a firm should include in its liquidity resources sufficient assets which are marketable or otherwise realisable. The appropriate regulator considers those assets which are capable of realisation, but other than through repo or outright sale, as non-marketable assets. To the extent that these assets may behave differently under stress conditions than under normal financial conditions, a firm is subject to non-marketable assets risk. Different forms of
BIPRU 12.5.66GRP
In addition to realising a firm's marketable assets, a firm can meet its outflows in part by expected inflows from maturing non-marketable assets such as retail loans. Inflows from these assets (principal and interest) may in stressed conditions be affected by counterparty behaviour, exposing that firm to non-marketable assets risk.
BIPRU 12.5.67RRP
For the purpose of assessing its exposure to non-marketable assets risk a firm must assess the extent to which the behaviour of inflows from retail loans under the liquidity stresses required by BIPRU 12.5.6R may differ from that suggested by their contractual terms.
BIPRU 12.5.70GRP
A firm may also use its unsecured wholesale assets to generate liquidity, otherwise than by outright sale or repo. A firm may, for example, choose to generate funding from some of the assets included in its liquidity resources by using them in securitisation or covered bond programmes. Assets that are typically used to raise liquidity in this manner include residential mortgage loans; commercial mortgage and other loans; credit card and automobile receivables, which have been
BIPRU 5.3.2RRP
Without prejudice to BIPRU 5.6.1 R, eligibility is limited to reciprocal cash balances between a firm and a counterparty. Only loans and deposits of the lending firm may be subject to a modification of risk weighted exposure amounts and, as relevant, expected loss amounts as a result of an on-balance sheet netting agreement.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 1 point 4]
BIPRU 5.3.3RRP
For on-balance sheet netting agreements - other than master netting agreements covering repurchase transactions, securities or commodities lending or borrowing transactions and/or other capital market-driven transactions - to be recognised for the purposes of BIPRU 5 the following conditions must be satisfied:(1) they must be legally effective and enforceable in all relevant jurisdictions, including in the event of the insolvency or bankruptcy of a counterparty;(2) the firm must
BIPRU 5.3.4RRP
Loans and deposits with a lending firm subject to on-balance sheet netting are to be treated as cash collateral.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 4]
DISP App 3.9.1GRP
Where the complainant's loan or credit card is in arrears the firm may, if it has the contractual right to do so, make a payment to reduce the associated loan or credit card balance, if the complainant accepts the firm's offer of redress. The firm should act fairly and reasonably in deciding whether to make such a payment.
DISP App 3.9.2GRP
In assessing redress, the firm should consider whether there are any other further losses that flow from its breach or failing or from its failure to disclose commission (as applicable), 1 that were reasonably foreseeable as a consequence of the firm's breach or failing or of its failure to disclose commission,1 for example, where the payment protection contract's cost or rejected claims contributed to affordability issues for the associated loan or credit which led to arrears
DISP App 3.9.4GRP
The firm should make any offer of redress to the complainant in a fair and balanced way. In particular, the firm should explain clearly to the complainant the basis for the redress offered including how any compensation is calculated and, where relevant, the rescheduling of the loan, and the consequences of accepting the offer of redress.
MIPRU 4.2F.2RRP
MIPRU 4.2F sets out the risk weights that a firm should apply to exposures in the form of loans secured on real estate property, other loans, exposures in the form of funds, and past due items, when calculating risk weighted exposure amounts for calculating the credit risk capital requirement under MIPRU 4.2.23 R.
MIPRU 4.2F.3GRP
This section is broadly organised according to the type of exposure class.(1) Exposures secured by mortgages on residential property (MIPRU 4.2F.4 R to MIPRU 4.2F.36 R)(2) Exposures secured by mortgages on commercial property (MIPRU 4.2F.37 R)(3) Exposures to other loans (MIPRU 4.2F.38 R)(4) Exposures to funds (MIPRU 4.2F.39 R to MIPRU 4.2F.49 R)(5) Exposures to past due items (MIPRU 4.2F.50 R to MIPRU 4.2F.56 G)
MIPRU 4.2F.14RRP
(1) The requirements about monitoring of property values referred to in MIPRU 4.2F.11R (3)(b) are as follows: (a) the value of the property must be monitored on a frequent basis and, at a minimum, once every three years;(b) more frequent monitoring must be carried out where the market is subject to significant changes in conditions; (c) statistical methods may be used to monitor the value of the property and to identify property that needs revaluation; (d) the property valuation
MIPRU 4.2F.22GRP
For MIPRU 4.2F.12 R, a firm should, as a minimum, ensure that it is a requirement of each loan that the property taken as collateral must have adequate buildings insurance at all times, which should be reviewed when any new loan is extended against the property.
MIPRU 4.2F.38RRP
Exposures to other loans must be assigned a risk weight of 100%.
MCOB 5.7.1AGRP
Firms are reminded that, in accordance with MCOB 1.2.3 R, they should comply in full with MCOB, but in doing so may opt to take account of all tailored provisions in MCOB that relate to business loans or loans to high net worth mortgage customers. Therefore, a firm may only follow the tailored provisions in MCOB 5.7 in relation to one of these sectors if it also follows all other tailored provisions in MCOB that relate to that sector. In either case, the rest of MCOB applies in
MCOB 5.7.3GRP
(1) MCOB 5.7.2 R(1) means that firms do not have to follow the ordering of sections set down in MCOB 5.6, although they may choose to do so.(2) In accordance with MCOB 5.7.2 R(8) an example of an appropriate variation to the risk warning would be:'Your home may be repossessed if you are unable to fulfil the terms of this secured overdraft'.(3) A firm may also choose to include other information beyond that required by MCOB 5.6. However, when adding additional material a firm should
MCOB 5.7.6RRP
(1) When providing a business illustration or high net worth illustration3in accordance with MCOB 5.7.2 R a firm should describe facilities provided under the regulated mortgage contract that are not a loan within section 12 (Additional features) of the business illustration or high net worth illustration3.(2) In complying with (1), a firm should follow the requirements in MCOB 5.6.92 RMCOB 5.6.108 G where these are relevant. Where the facility is of a type not considered in MCOB
MCOB 5.7.7GRP
(1) In accordance with MCOB 5.7.6 R(1), where the regulated mortgage contract includes a loan, the facilities described in section 12 of the business illustration or high net worth illustration3 should include the existence of, and a simple explanation of, any all monies charge, any contingent liabilities such as guarantees and so on.(2) Where the regulated mortgage contract includes more than one loan facility (such as a secured loan and a separate secured overdraft facility)
MCOB 9.7.2RRP
A firm that enters into a lifetime mortgage1 with a customer where interest payments are required (whether or not they will be collected by deduction from the income from an annuity or other linked investment product) must provide the customer with the following information before the customer makes the first payment under the contract:1(1) the amount of the first payment required;(2) the amount of the subsequent payments;(3) the method by which the payments will be collected
MCOB 9.7.4RRP
A firm that enters into a lifetime mortgage1 which is a drawdown mortgage, with fixed payments to the customer, must provide the customer with the following information before the first payment is drawn down by the customer:1(1) the amount of the first payment to be made;(2) the amount of subsequent payments, if different; (3) the method by which the payment will be made (for example, by transfer to the customer's bank account) and the date of issue of the first and subsequent
MCOB 9.7.6RRP
Where the lifetime mortgage1 is a drawdown mortgage and the customer can choose the amount and frequency of the payments they receive, or the amount and frequency of payments can vary for other reasons (for example in line with interest rates) the firm must provide the customer with the following information before the first payment is drawn down by the customer:1(1) (a) where the customer can choose the amount and frequency of the payments they receive, details of any limitations
MCOB 9.7.8RRP
Where thelifetime mortgage1 provides for a lump sum payment to be made to the customer, and all or part of the interest will be rolled up during the life of the mortgage, the firm must provide the customer with the following information before the customer makes the first payment under the contract, or if no payments are required from the customer, within seven days of completion of the mortgage:1(1) if no payments are required from the customer, confirmation that no payments
MIPRU 4.2.12RRP
(1) The capital resources requirement for a firm carrying on only2home financing, 1which is not connected to regulated mortgage contracts, 2or home financing1and home finance administration1 which is not connected to regulated mortgage contracts2 (and no other regulated activity) is the higher of:111111(a) £100,000; and(b) 1% of:(i) its total assets plus total undrawn commitments and unreleased amounts under the home reversion plan1; less:(ii) excluded loans or amounts 1plus intangible
MIPRU 4.2.14RRP
When calculating total assets, the firm may exclude a loan or plan 1which has been transferred to a third party only if it meets the following conditions:(1) the first condition is that the loan or the plan 1has been transferred in a legally effective manner by:(a) novation; or(b) legal or equitable assignment; or(c) sub-participation; or(d) declaration of trust; and(2) the second condition is that the home finance provider1:1(a) retains no material economic interest in the loan
MIPRU 4.2.15ERP
(1) When seeking to rely on the second condition, a firm should ensure that the loan or plan1 qualifies for the 'linked presentation' accounting treatment under Financial Reporting Standard 5 (Reporting the substance of transactions) issued in April 1994, and amended in December 1994 and September 1998 (if applicable to the firm).(2) Compliance with (1) may be relied upon as tending to establish compliance with the second condition.
MIPRU 4.2.16GRP
The requirement that the loan qualifies for the 'linked presentation' accounting treatment under FRS 5 is aimed at those firms which report according to FRS 5. Other firms which report under other standards, including International Accounting Standards, need not adopt FRS 5 in order to meet the second condition.
MIPRU 4.2.17ERP
(1) When seeking to rely on the second condition, a firm should not provide material credit enhancement in respect of the loan or plan1 unless it deducts the amount of the credit enhancement from its capital resources before meeting its capital resources requirement.(2) Credit enhancement includes:(a) any holding of subordinated loans or notes in a transferee that is a special purpose vehicle; or(b) over collateralisation by transferring loans or plans1 to a larger aggregate value
MCOB 8.5A.7GRP
Examples of eligibility criteria in MCOB 8.5A.6R (3) are: the amount that the customer wishes to borrow or to release; the loan-to-value ratio; the age of the customer; the value of the property which would be the subject of the equity release transaction.
MCOB 8.5A.11RRP
In relation to MCOB 8.5A.5R (1), when a firmadvises a customer in relation to entering into an equity release transaction where the main purpose for doing so is the consolidation of existing debts by the customer, it must also take account of the following in assessing whether the equity release transaction is suitable for the customer: (1) the costs associated with increasing the period over which a debt is to be repaid; (2) whether it is appropriate for the customer to secure
MCOB 8.5A.13RRP
Where the customer is looking to increase the borrowing secured on the property which is the subject of an existing regulated mortgage contract, a firm must inform the customer (either orally or in writing) that it may be possible, and more appropriate, for the customer to take a further advance with the existing lender rather than entering into an equity release transaction with another provider.
MCOB 8.5A.19RRP
(1) A firm must make and retain a record: (a) of the customer information, including that relating to the customer's needs and circumstances and the customer's apparent satisfaction of the equity release provider's known eligibility criteria, that it has obtained for the purposes of MCOB 8.5A; (b) that explains why the firm has concluded that any advice given to a customer complies with MCOB 8.5A.2 R and satisfies the suitability requirement in MCOB 8.5A.5R (1); (c) of any advice
BIPRU 4.4.67RRP
(1) A firm must calculate maturity (M) for each of the exposures referred to in this rule in accordance with this rule and subject to BIPRU 4.4.68 R to BIPRU 4.4.70 R. In all cases, M must be no greater than 5 years.(2) For an instrument subject to a cash flow schedule M must be calculated according to the following formula:where CFt denotes the cash flows (principal, interest payments and fees) contractually payable by the obligor in period t.(3) For derivatives subject to a
BIPRU 4.4.68RRP
Notwithstanding BIPRU 4.4.67 R (2) - (4)6 and (8)-(9), M must be at least one-day for:6(1) fully or nearly-fully collateralised financial derivative instruments;(2) fully or nearly-fully collateralised margin lending transactions; and(3) repurchase transactions, securities or commodities lending or borrowing transactions,provided the documentation requires daily remargining and daily revaluation and includes provisions that allow for the prompt liquidation or setoff of collateral
BIPRU 4.4.73RRP
Where a firm uses master netting agreements in relation to repurchase transactions or securities or commodities lending or borrowing transactions the exposure value must be calculated in accordance with BIPRU 5 (Credit risk mitigation), as modified by BIPRU 4.10, and BIPRU 13.8.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 3 point 2]
BIPRU 4.4.74RRP
For on-balance sheet netting of loans and deposits a firm must apply for the calculation of the exposure value the methods set out in BIPRU 5 (Credit risk mitigation), as modified by BIPRU 4.10.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 3 point 3]
BIPRU 4.4.76RRP
Where an exposure takes the form of securities or commodities sold, posted or lent under repurchase transactions or securities or commodities lending or borrowing transactions, long settlement transactions and margin lending transactions, the exposure value must be the value of the securities or commodities determined in accordance with GENPRU 1.3 (Valuation). Where the financial collateral comprehensive method is used, the exposure value must be increased by the volatility adjustment
BIPRU 4.4.85RRP
To be eligible for the treatment set out in BIPRU 4.4.79 R, credit protection deriving from a guarantee or credit derivative must meet the following conditions:(1) the underlying obligation must be to:(a) a corporate exposure, excluding an exposure to an insurance undertaking (including an insurance undertaking that carries out reinsurance); or(b) an exposure to a regional government, local authority or public sector entity which is not treated as an exposure to a central government