Related provisions for IFPRU 2.3.70

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IFPRU 2.3.68GRP
A firm may approach its assessment of adequate capital by developing a model, including an ECM (see IFPRU 2.3.36 G), for some or all of its business risks. The assumptions required to aggregate risks modelled and the confidence levels adopted should be considered by a firm'ssenior management. A firm should also consider whether any relevant risks, including systems and control risks, are not captured by the model.
IFPRU 2.3.69GRP
A firm should not expect the FCA to accept as adequate any particular model that it develops, or automatically to reflect the results from the model in any individual capital guidance or capital planning buffer. However, the FCA will take into account the results of a sound and prudent model when giving individual capital guidance or when dealing with the firm in relation to its capital planning buffer.
IFPRU 2.3.71GRP
In relation to the use of an ECM (see IFPRU 2.3.36 G), the FCA is likely to place more reliance on a firm'sICAAP if the firm provides the following information: (1) a comparison of the amount of capital that the ECM generates in respect of each of the risks captured in the own funds requirements before aggregation with the corresponding components of the own funds requirements calculation; and(2) evidence that the guidance inIFPRU 2.3.68 G to IFPRU 2.3.75 G1 has been followed
IFPRU 2.3.72GRP
If a firm adopts a top-down approach to developing its internal model, it should be able to allocate the outcome of the internal model to risks it has previously identified in relation to each separate legal entity, business unit or business activity, as appropriate. For a firm which is a member of a group, IFPRU 2.2.54 R (Application of IFPRU 2.2 on an individual basis and consolidated basis) sets out how internal capital identified as necessary by that firm'sICAAP should be
IFPRU 2.3.73GRP
If a firm's internal model makes explicit or implicit assumptions in relation to correlations within or between risk types, or diversification benefits between business types, the firm should be able to explain to the FCA, with the support of empirical evidence, the basis of those assumptions.
IFPRU 2.3.74GRP
A firm's model should also reflect the past experience of both the firm and the sectors in which it operates.
IFPRU 2.3.75GRP
The values assigned to inputs into a firm's model should be derived either stochastically, by assuming the value of an item can follow an appropriate probability distribution and by selecting appropriate values at the tail of the distribution, or deterministically, using appropriate prudent assumptions. For options or guarantees which change in value significantly in certain economic or demographic circumstances, a stochastic approach would normally be appropriate.
BIPRU 2.2.27GRP
(1) This paragraph applies to a proportional ICAAP in the case of a firm whose activities are complex.(2) A proportional approach to that firm'sICAAP should cover the matters identified in BIPRU 2.2.26 G, but is likely also to involve the use of models, most of which will be integrated into its day-to-day management and operation.(3) Models of the sort referred to in (2) may be linked so as to generate an overall estimate of the amount of capital that a firm considers appropriate
BIPRU 2.2.71GRP
A firm may approach its assessment of adequate capital by developing a model, including an ECM (see BIPRU 2.2.27 G), for some or all of its business risks. The assumptions required to aggregate risks modelled and the confidence levels adopted should be considered by a firm's senior management. A firm should also consider whether any relevant risks, including systems and control risks, are not captured by the model.
BIPRU 2.2.72GRP
A firm should not expect the appropriate regulator to accept as adequate any particular model that it develops or automatically to reflect the results from the model in any individual capital guidance or capital planning buffer4. However, the appropriate regulator will take into account the results of a sound and prudent model when giving individual capital guidance or when dealing with the firm in relation to its capital planning buffer4 (see GENPRU 1.2.19 G (Outline of provisions
BIPRU 2.2.73GRP
There is no prescribed approach as to how a firm should develop its internal capital model. However, a firm should be able to demonstrate:(1) the confidence levels set and whether these are linked to its corporate strategy;(2) the time horizons set for the different types of business that it undertakes;(3) the extent of historic data used and back-testing carried out;(4) that it has in place a process to verify the correctness of the model's outputs; and(5) that it has the skills
BIPRU 2.2.74GRP
In relation to the use of an ECM (see BIPRU 2.2.27 G), the appropriate regulator is likely to place more reliance on a firm'sICAAP if the firm provides the following information:(1) a comparison of the amount of capital that the ECM generates in respect of each of the risks captured in the CRR before aggregation with the corresponding components of the CRR calculation; and(2) evidence that the guidance in BIPRU 2.2.71 G to BIPRU 2.2.78 G has been followed.
BIPRU 1.3.2GRP
(1) A firm may apply for an Article 129 permission or a waiver in respect of:(a) the IRB approach;(b) [deleted]55(c) the CCR internal model method; and(d) the VaR model approach.(2) A firm should apply for a waiver if it wants to:(a) apply the CAD 1 model approach; or2(b) apply the master netting agreement internal models approach; or2(c) disapply consolidated supervision under BIPRU 8 for its UK consolidation group or non-EEAsub-group; or2(d) apply the treatment in BIPRU 2.1
BIPRU 1.3.16DRP
If a firm wishes to apply for a waiver or an Article 129 permission to use the CCR internal model method, it must complete and submit the form in BIPRU 1 Annex 3D D.
BIPRU 1.4.1RRP
A contravention of the rules in BIPRU does not give rise to a right of action by a private person under section 138D of the Act (and each of those rules is specified under section 138D(3) of the Act as a provision giving rise to no such right of action).
BIPRU 14.2.16RRP
(1) Where a firm is using the own estimates of volatility adjustments approach in respect of CADfinancial instruments or commodities which are not eligible under BIPRU 5 and BIPRU 4.10 it must calculate volatility adjustments for each individual item.(2) Where a firm is using the master netting agreement internal models approach set out in BIPRU 5, it may also apply this approach in the trading book.[Note: CAD Annex II point 9 (part) ]
BIPRU 8.7.20RRP
A firm may use a combination of the CCR standardised method, the CCR mark to market method and the CCR internal model method on a permanent basis with respect to the firm's UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group for the purposes of calculating the consolidated credit risk requirement. In particular, where the firm is permitted to apply the CCR internal model method on a consolidated basis with respect to its UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group, it may combine the
BIPRU 11.5.13RRP
The following information must be disclosed by a firm which calculates its market risk capital requirement using a VaR model:(1) for each sub-portfolio covered:(a) the characteristics of the models used;(b) a description of stress testing applied to the sub-portfolio;(c) a description of the approaches used for back-testing 2and validating the accuracy and consistency of the internal models and modelling processes;(d) 2for the capital charges calculated according to the incremental
BIPRU 4.1.24GRP
An IRB permission will set out firm-specific material. This will generally include:(1) details about the firm's methodology for carrying out the IRB approach, including the models and rating systems that a firm should use;(2) reporting requirements; and(3) requirements about internal control structure.
IFPRU 4.3.1GRP
Responsibility for ensuring that internal models are appropriately conservative and that approaches are compliant with the EU CRR rests with the firm itself.
IFPRU 4.4.12GRP
In assessing whether the external data used by a firm to build models is representative of its actual obligors or exposures, the FCA expects a firm to consider whether this data is appropriate to its own experience and whether adjustments are necessary (see article 174 of the EU CRR).
BIPRU 8.8.8GRP
BIPRU 8.7.17 R deals with the combination of the CCR internal model method with other approaches to calculating exposure values on a group level.
BIPRU 13.6.55RRP
(1) Exposure must be measured, monitored and controlled over the life of all contracts in the netting set (not just to the one year horizon).(2) A firm must have procedures in place to identify and control the risks for counterparties where the exposure rises beyond the one-year horizon.(3) A firm must input the forecast increase in exposure into the firm's internal capital model.[Note: BCD Annex III Part 6 point 31]