Related provisions for DISP App 1.2.14

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DISP App 1.2.6GRP
12If the complainant's endowment mortgage outgoings exceed the equivalent cost for the repayment method, the complainant should be compensated for the higher payments in addition to any loss on the surrender value and capital repaid comparison. This means, for example, that if the endowment arrangement has been more expensive, this may result in compensatable loss even though the capital repayment against surrender comparison may be favourable to the endowment.
12Example 1Example 1 Capital shortfall and higher endowment mortgage outgoingsBackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 5 yearsEndowment premium per month: £75Established factsEndowment surrender value:£3,200Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage:£4,200Surrender value less capital repaid:(£1,000)Cost of converting from endowment mortgage to repayment mortgage: (£200)Total outgoings to date Equivalent repayment mortgage (capital + interest
12Example 2Example 2Capital shortfall partially offset by lower endowment mortgage outgoingsBackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 5 yearsEndowment premium per month: £60Established factsEndowment surrender value: £2,500Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage£4,200Surrender value less capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage:(£1,700)Cost of converting from endowment mortgage to repayment mortgage (£300)Total outgoings to
12Example 3Example 3Capital shortfall more than offset by lower endowment mortgage outgoingsBackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 8 yearsEndowment premium per month: £65Established factsEndowment surrender value: £7,300Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage:£7,600Surrender value less capital repaid:(£300)Cost of converting from endowment mortgage to repayment mortgage: (£200)Total outgoings to date: Repayment mortgage (capital +
12Example 4Example 4Capital surplus more than offset by higher endowment mortgage outgoingsBackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 8 yearsEndowment premium per month: £75Established factsEndowment surrender value: £7,800Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage:£7,600Surrender value less capital repaid:£200Cost of converting from endowment mortgage to repayment mortgage: (£250)Total outgoings to date: Repayment mortgage (capital + interest
12Example 5Example 5Capital surplus partially offset by higher endowment mortgage outgoings BackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 10 yearsEndowment premium per month: £75Established factsEndowment surrender value: £11,800Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage£9,700Surrender value less capital repaid:£2,100Cost of converting from endowment mortgage to repayment mortgage: (£300)Total outgoings to date: Repayment mortgage (capital +
12Example 6Example 6Capital surplus and lower endowment mortgage outgoings BackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 10 yearsEndowment premium per month: £65Established factsEndowment surrender value: £10,100Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage£9,700Surrender value less capital repaid:£400Cost of converting from endowment mortgage to repayment mortgage: (£200)Total outgoings to date: Repayment mortgage (capital + interest + DTA life
12Example 7Example 7Low start endowment mortgageBackgroundCapital sum of £50,00025 year endowment policyDuration to date: 10 yearsEndowment premium per month: starting at £35 in first year, increasing by 20% simple on each policy anniversary, reaching £70 after five years and then remaining at that level. Established facts:Endowment surrender value:£8,200Capital repaid under equivalent repayment mortgage:£9,700Surrender value less capital repaid:(£1,500)Cost of converting from
FEES 6.3.1RRP
The FSCS may at any time impose a management expenses levy or a compensation costs levy,6 provided that the FSCS has reasonable grounds for believing that the funds available to it to meet relevant expenses are, or will be, insufficient, taking into account expenditure already incurred, actual and expected recoveries and8:668(1) in the case of a management expenses levy, the level of the FSCS's expected8 expenditure in respect of those expenses in the financial year9 of the compensation
FEES 6.3.2AGRP
8The FSCS will usually levy once in each financial year9 (the annual levy)11. However, if the compensation costs or specific costs incurred, or expected to be incurred, exceed the amounts held, or reasonably expected to be held, to meet those costs, the FSCS may, at any time during the financial year9, do one or more of the following:8(1) impose an interim levy11 ; or(2) utilise other sources of funding such as commercial borrowing or other borrowing including from the National
FEES 6.3.5RRP
The maximum aggregate amount of compensation costs and specific costs for which the FSCS can levy each8class (not including the FCA provider contribution classes)9 in any one financial year9 of the compensation scheme is limited to the amounts set out in the table in FEES 6 Annex 2 R.29[Note: the levy limits for the FCA provider contribution classes are set out in FEES 6 Annex 5R] 2
FEES 6.3.10RRP
The FSCS may include in a compensation costs levy the costs of compensation paid by the FSCS in error, provided that the payment was not made in bad faith.55
FEES 6.3.11RRP
The FSCS must hold any amount collected from a specific costs levy or compensation costs levy to the credit of the classes2 in accordance with the allocation established under FEES 6.4.6AR and FEES 6.5.2-AR9. 228
FEES 6.3.13RRP
Interest earned by the FSCS in the management of funds held to the credit of a class must be credited to that class8, and must be set off against the management expenses or compensation costs2allocated to that class.822228
FEES 6.3.17RRP
(1) The FSCS may use any money held to the credit of one class2(the creditor class)2 to pay compensation costs or specific costs attributable 8or allocated by way of levy8 to 2another class2(the debtor class)2 if the FSCS has reasonable grounds to believe that this would be more economical than borrowing funds from a third party or raising a levy.228822(2) Where the FSCS acts in accordance with (1), it must ensure that:(a) the creditor class2 is reimbursed by the debtor class2
FEES 6.3.19RRP
Unless FEES 6.3.20 R applies, any recoveries made by the FSCS in relation to protected claims must be credited to the classes8 to which the related compensation costs was attributable.828
FEES 6.3.20RRP
(1) Where8 the FSCS makes recoveries in relation to protected claims where a8 related compensation costs levy8 would have been allocated to a class (class A) had the levy limit for class A not been reached and has been allocated to another class or classes in the retail pool, the recoveries must be applied:8888(a) 8first, to the classes to which the costs levied were allocated in accordance with FEES 6.5A in the same proportion as those classes contributed, up to the total amount
FEES 6.5.2-ARRP
12The FSCS must allocate any compensation costs levy:(1) first, to the relevant classes in proportion to the amount of compensation costs arising from, or expected to arise from, claims in respect of the different activities for which firms in those classes have permission up to the levy limit of each relevant class. The FCA provider contribution classes are not relevant classes for this purpose; and(2) thereafter, where the levy limit has been reached (whether as a result of
FEES 6.5.2AGRP
4The use made by FSCS of borrowing facilities to provide liquidity until the next levy does not affect the attribution of compensation costs, nor the10 allocation of compensation cost levies; the allocation of a compensation costs levy occurs at the time that the FSCS imposes a levy.10
FEES 6.5.3RRP
If a participant firm which is in default has carried on a regulated activity other than in accordance with a permission, the FSCS must treat10 any compensation costs or specific costs arising out of that activity as if the relevant permission were held by the participant firm.1010410
FEES 6.5.4RRP
If the relevant person in default is an appointed representative, the FSCS must treat10 any compensation costs or specific costs arising out of a regulated activity for which his principal has not accepted responsibility to as if the principal had accepted responsibility.1010410
FEES 6.5.5RRP
4(1) A participant firm must pay to the FSCS a share of each compensation costs levy allocated to the classes of which it is a member10 unless either the firm is exempt under FEES 6.2 (Exemption) or the FSCS has chosen to exercise its discretion under FEES 6.3.23 R in respect of that firm.4(2) [deleted]10104
FEES 6.5.6ARRP
12The FSCS must calculate each participant firm's share of a compensation costs levy (subject to FEES 6.3.22 R (Adjustments to calculation of levy shares)) by:(1) identifying each of the relevant classes to which each participant firm belongs, using the statement of business most recently supplied under FEES 6.5.13 R (1);(2) identifying the compensation costs falling within FEES 6.3.1R13 allocated, in accordance with FEES 6.5.2-AR13, to the classes identified in (1);(3) calculating,
FEES 6.5.9RRP
A firm or a recognised investment exchange14 which becomes a participant firm part way through a financial year13 of the compensation scheme will not be liable to pay a share of a compensation costs levy made in that year.4
FEES 6.5.16RRP
If a participant firm does not submit a complete statement by the date on which it is due in accordance with FEES 6.5.13 R and any prescribed submission procedures:(1) the firm must pay an administrative fee of £250 (but not if it is already subject to an administrative fee under FEES 4 Annex 2A R, Part 116 or FEES 5.4.1 R for the same financial year13); and16(2) the compensation costs levy and any specific costs levy will be calculated using (where relevant) the valuation or
DISP App 1.1.1GRP
This appendix sets out the approach and standards which firms should use when investigating complaints relating to the sale of endowment policies for the purposes of achieving capital repayment of a mortgage. It is not intended to be comprehensive. It is primarily concerned with the assessment of whether the complainant may have suffered financial loss, and if so, how much that loss is, and therefore what amount a firm should consider offering by way of fair and appropriate compensation
DISP App 1.1.2GRP
There will also be cases where a firm will conclude after investigation that, notwithstanding its own failure to give compliant and proper advice, the complainant would nevertheless have proceeded with the endowment policy as sold, in which case no compensation will be due.25
DISP App 1.1.3GRP
This appendix only addresses how firms should approach the assessment of loss and compensation where negligence on the part of the firm is established.25
DISP App 1.1.8GRP
25Nothing in this appendix relieves firms of the obligation to consider the particular facts and circumstances of each complaint and to consider whether the assessment of loss and compensation should, in the light of those facts and circumstances, be carried out on a different basis. If, however, the facts and circumstances make it appropriate to do so, the FCA's expectation is that firms will apply the approach and standards set out in this appendix, and where they do not, the
FEES 6.1.5GRP
The FSCS may impose three 6types of levy: a management expenses levy (consisting of a base costs levy and a specific costs levy)9, a compensation costs levy and a MERS levy.6 The FSCS has discretion as to the amount and 9timing of the levies imposed.662
FEES 6.1.6GRP
In calculating a compensation costs levy, the FSCS12 may include up to the greater of one third of the compensation costs expected in the 36-month period following the12 1 April of the financial year of the compensation scheme in relation to which the levy is imposed12, or the compensation costs expected in the 12 months following that date.9899999
FEES 6.1.14GRP
In imposing a compensation costs levy in each financial year12 of the compensation scheme the FSCS will take into account the compensation costs which the compensation scheme12 has incurred and has not yet raised through levies, any recoveries it has had made using the rights that have been assigned to it or to which it is subrogated and9 a further amount calculated taking into account:9(1) [deleted]129(2) [deleted]1216(3) 12the compensation costs it expects to incur in the financial
FEES 6.1.15GRP
9Compensation costs are principally the costs incurred in paying compensation. Costs incurred:5239(1) [deleted]12(2) [deleted]12(3) [deleted]12(4) as a result of the FSCS being required by HM Treasury to make payments in connection with the exercise of the stabilisation power under Part 1 of the Banking Act 2009; or(5) in paying interest, principal and other costs from borrowing to allow the FSCS to pay claims attributable to a particular class;are also treated as compensation
FEES 6.1.16GRP
If a participant firm is a member of more than one class9,2 the total compensation costs levy and specific costs levy for that firm in a particular year9 will be the aggregate of the individual levies calculated for the firm9 in respect of each of the classes for that year. Each class9 has a levy limit which is the maximum amount of compensation costs and specific costs9 which may be allocated to a particular class9 in a financial year12 for the purposes of a levy.29299299
FEES 6.1.16AGRP
The FCA has made rules providing that compensation costs and specific costs attributable to the intermediation classes,12 the investment provision class and the debt management claims class12, which exceed the classlevy limits, may be allocated to the retail pool. Levies allocated to the retail pool are then allocated amongst the other such classes, together with certain classes (known as FCA provider contribution classes) (see FEES 6 Annex 5R)12. The FCA provider contribution
FEES 6.5A.1RRP
The FSCS must allocate a compensation costs levy or specific costs levy, which has been allocated to the retail pool (under FEES 6.5.2-AR(2) or FEES 6.4.6AR(2)2):(1) to classes whose retail pool levy limit has not been reached as at the date of the levy;(2) in proportion to the relative sizes of the retail pool levy limits of the classes in (1) and up to those levy limits2; and(3) in accordance with the table in FEES 6 Annex 5R2.[Note: The retail pool levy limits for classes other
FEES 6.5A.2RRP
(1) An allocation in FEES 6.5A.1 R to an FCA provider contribution class other than the home finance providers and administrators' contribution class may not be of an amount that, if it were added to any levies2: (a) 2that correspond to the FCA’scompensation costs levies or specific costs levies; and (b) 2which have previously in the same financial year been imposed on the PRA funding class2 which corresponds to that FCAprovider contribution class (as set out in FEES 6.5A.7R),2the
FEES 6.5A.5RRP
When the FSCS allocates excess compensation costs levies or specific costs levies under FEES 6.5A.1 R or any levy imposed under FEES 6.5A.2 R (3)(a), a class to which part of the excess is allocated (a "receiving class") may, as a result of that allocation, itself reach its limit. In that case, the FSCS must apply FEES 6.5A.1 R or FEES 6.5A.2 R so that any resulting excess levy beyond the limit of the receiving class is allocated amongst the remaining classes whose limits have
FEES 6.5A.6RRP
[deleted]2
DISP 3.7.2RRP
Except in relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act9, a8 money award may be such amount as the Ombudsman considers to be fair compensation for one or more of the following:8(1) financial loss (including consequential or prospective loss); or(2) pain and suffering; or(3) damage to reputation; or(4) distress or inconvenience;whether or not a court would award compensation.16
DISP 3.7.3GRP
16Where the Ombudsman is determining what amount (if any) constitutes fair compensation as a money award in relation to a relevant new complaint or a relevant transitional complaint, the Ombudsman Transitional Order and the Mortgages and General Insurance Complaints Transitional Order require him to take into account what amount (if any) might have been expected to be awarded by way of compensation in relation to an equivalent complaint dealt with under the former scheme in question
DISP 3.7.6GRP
16If the Ombudsman considers that fair compensation requires payment of a larger amount, he may recommend that the respondent pays the complainant the balance. The effect of section 404B(6) of the Act is that this is also the case in relation to a “relevant complaint” within the meaning of section 404B(3) of the Act.98
12Example 8Example 8Term extends beyond retirement age and policy reconstructionBackground45 year old male non-smoker, having taken out a £50,000 loan in 1998 for a term of 25 years. Unsuitable sale identified on the grounds of affordability and complaint raised on 12th policy anniversary.It has always been the intention of the complainant to retire at State retirement age 65.Term from date of sale to retirement is 20 years and the maturity date of the mortgage is 5 years after
12Example 9Example 9Term extends beyond retirement age: example of failure to explain investment risksBackground45 year old male non-smoker, having taken out a £50,000 loan in 1998 for a term of 25 years. Unsuitable sale identified on the grounds of affordability and complaint raised on 12th anniversary.It has always been the intention of the complainant to retire at state retirement age 65.Term from date of sale to retirement is 20 years and the maturity date of the mortgage
SUP 18.2.38GRP
For any mutual company involved in the scheme, the report should:(1) describe the effect of the scheme on the proprietary rights of members of the company, including the significance of any loss or dilution of the rights of those members to secure or prevent further changes which could affect their entitlements as policyholders;(2) state whether, and to what extent, members will receive compensation under the scheme for any diminution of proprietary rights; and(3) comment on the
SUP 18.2.39GRP
For a scheme involving long-term insurance business, the report should:(1) describe the effect of the scheme on the nature and value of any rights of policyholders to participate in profits;(2) if any such rights will be diluted by the scheme, how any compensation offered to policyholders as a group (such as the injection of funds, allocation of shares, or cash payments) compares with the value of that dilution, and whether the extent and method of its proposed division is equitable
SUP 18.2.51GRP
The assessment is a continuing process, starting when the scheme promoters first approach the appropriate regulator7 about a proposed scheme. Each regulator will have an interest in assessing the scheme.7Among the considerations that may be relevant to both the depth of consideration each gives to, and each regulator's7 opinion on, a scheme are:77(1) the potential risk posed by the transfer to its statutory objectives7;7(2) the purpose of the scheme;(3) how the security of policyholders'
DISP App 3.9.4GRP
The firm should make any offer of redress to the complainant in a fair and balanced way. In particular, the firm should explain clearly to the complainant the basis for the redress offered including how any compensation is calculated and, where relevant, the rescheduling of the loan, and the consequences of accepting the offer of redress.
REC 3.10.1RRP
Where a UK recognised body's complaints investigator has investigated a complaint arising in connection with the performance of, or failure to perform, any of its regulatory functions, and that complaints investigator has made a recommendation in respect of that complaint that the UK recognised body should:(1) make a compensatory payment to any person; or(2) remedy the matter which was the subject of that complaint;the UK recognised body must immediately notify the FCA1of that
EG 14.3.1RP
1When it decides whether a suspension order under section 267 is appropriate, the FCA will consider all the relevant circumstances. General factors that the FCA may consider include, but are not limited to: (1) the seriousness of the breach of financial promotionrules by the operator (the matters listed at paragraph 14.1.1 (a) to (f) may be relevant in this context); and (2) the conduct of the operator after the breach was discovered including whether the operator has compensated
COBS 4.4.1RRP
A firm must ensure that any reference in advertising to an investor compensation scheme established under the Investor Compensation Directive is limited to a factual reference to the scheme. [Note: article 10(3) of the Investor Compensation Directive]
GEN 4.4.1RRP
(1) If, in any communication:(a) made to:222(i) 2(in relation to a non-investment insurance contract) aconsumer4;4(ii) 2(in relation to a home finance transaction) a customer; or(iii) 2(in all other cases) a retail client3; and3(b) in connection with a regulated activity carried on from an establishment of the firm (or its appointed representative) that is not in the United Kingdom;the firm indicates that it is an authorised person, it must also, where relevant, and with equal
COBS 20.2.24RRP
Subject to COBS 20.2.25 R, COBS 20.2.25A R and COBS 20.2.25B R, a1firm must not pay compensation or redress from a with-profits fund.11
COBS 20.2.25RRP
A proprietary1firm may pay compensation or redress due to a policyholder, or former policyholder, from assets attributable to shareholders, whether or not they are held within a long-term insurance fund or with-profits fund, as relevant.511
EG 5.1.1RP
1The FCA resolves many enforcement cases by settlement. Early settlement has many potential advantages as it can result, for example, in consumers obtaining compensation earlier than would otherwise be the case, the saving of FCA and industry resources, messages getting out to the market sooner and a public perception of timely and effective action. The FCA therefore considers it is in the public interest for matters to settle, and settle early, if possible.
FEES 6.7.6RRP
If a firm ceases to be a participant firm or carry out activities within one or more classes54 part way through a financial year6 of the compensation scheme:44(1) it will remain liable for any unpaid levies which the FSCS has already made on the firm; and41(2) the FSCS may make one or more levies4 upon it (which may be before or after the firm5 has ceased to be a participant firm or carry out activities within one or more classes5,4 but must be before it ceases to be an authorised
DISP App 1.3.7GRP
12If the complainant takes the opportunity to increase his loan on the occasion of the remortgage, the expenses which a firm pays by way of compensation should be paid by reference to the capital sum due under the "old" loan.
MCOB 1.6.4RRP
If, notwithstanding the steps taken by a firm to comply with MCOB 1.6.3 R, it transpires that a mortgage which the firm has treated as unregulated or as a regulated credit agreement4 is in fact a regulated mortgage contract, the firm must as soon as practicable after the correct status of the mortgage has been established:(1) contact the customer and provide him with the following information in a durable medium:(a) a statement that the mortgage contract is a regulated mortgage