Related provisions for CASS 1.1.1

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CASS 11.13.1RRP
This section (the debt management client money distribution rules) applies to a CASS debt management firm that holds client money which is subject to the debt management client money rules when a primary pooling event or a secondary pooling event occurs.
CASS 11.13.2GRP
The debt management client money distribution rules seek, in the event of the failure of a CASS debt management firm or of an approved bank at which the CASS debt management firm holds client money, to protect client money and to facilitate the timely payment of sums to creditors or the timely return of client money to clients.
CASS 11.13.3RRP
A primary pooling event occurs:(1) on the failure of a CASS debt management firm;(2) on the vesting of assets in a trustee in accordance with an 'assets requirement' imposed under section 55P(1)(b) or (c) (as the case may be) of the Act where such a requirement is imposed in respect of all client money held by the firm.
CASS 11.13.4RRP
If a primary pooling event1 occurs, then:2(1) all client money:2(a) held in the CASS debt management firm'sclient bank accounts; and (b) received by the CASS debt management firm on behalf of a client but not yet paid into the firm'sclient bank accounts;is treated as pooled together to form a notional pool;(2) a CASS debt management firm must calculate the amount it should be holding on behalf of each individual client as at the time of the primary pooling event using the method
CASS 11.13.5RRP
Where a primary pooling event1 occurs and the client money is not transferred to another firm in accordance with CASS 11.13.4 R, a CASS debt management firm must distribute client money comprising the notional pool so that each client2 receives a sum that is rateable to their entitlement to the notional pool calculated in CASS 11.13.4 R (2).22
CASS 11.13.6GRP
If in the event of a primary pooling event occurring the debt management activity business undertaken by a CASS debt management firm ("the transferor") is to be transferred to another CASS debt management firm ("the transferee"), then the transferor may also move the client money associated with that business to the transferee.
CASS 11.13.10RRP
A secondary pooling event occurs on the failure of an approved bank at which a CASS debt management firm holds client money in a client bank account.
CASS 11.13.11RRP
(1) Subject to (2), if a secondary pooling event occurs as a result of the failure of an approved bank where one or more client bank accounts are held then in relation to every client bank account of the firm, the provisions of CASS 11.13.12 R (1), CASS 11.13.12 R (2) and CASS 11.13.12 R (3) will apply.(2) CASS 11.13.12 R does not apply if, on the failure of the approved bank, the CASS debt management firm pays to its clients, or pays into a client bank account at an unaffected
CASS 11.13.12RRP
Money held in each client bank account of the firm must be treated as pooled and:(1) any shortfall in client money held, or which should have been held, in client bank accounts, that has arisen as a result of the failure of the approved bank, must be borne by all clients whose client money is held in a client bank account of the firm, rateably in accordance with their entitlements to the pool;(2) a new client money entitlement must be calculated for each client by the firm, to
CASS 11.13.14RRP
Any interest earned on client money following a primary or secondary pooling event will be due to clients in accordance with CASS 11.9.11 R (Interest).
CASS 1.4.1RRP
In the case of OPS activity undertaken by an OPS firm, CASS applies with the following general modifications:(1) references to customer are to the OPS or welfare trust, whichever fits the case, in respect of which the OPS firm is acting or intends to act, and with or for the benefit of which the relevant activity is to be carried on; and(2) if an OPS firm is required by any rule in CASS to provide information to, or obtain consent from, a customer, that firm must ensure that the
CASS 1.4.2GRP
1(1) The custody chapter and the client money chapter apply in respect of any stock lending activity that is undertaken with or for a client3 by a firm. 133333(2) The collateral rules apply, where relevant, in respect of stock lending activity.13
CASS 1.4.4GRP
1(1) The custody chapter and the client money chapter apply in respect of oil market activity and other energy market activity that is undertaken by a firm.13333(2) The collateral rules apply, where relevant, in respect of energy market activity.13
CASS 1.4.5GRP
(1) Although CASS does not apply directly to a firm's appointed representatives, a firm will always be responsible for the acts and omissions of its appointed representatives in carrying on business for which the firm has accepted responsibility (section 39(3) of the Act). In determining whether a firm has complied with any provision of CASS, anything done or omitted by a firm's1appointed representative (when acting as such) will be treated as having been done or omitted by the
CASS 1.4.6AGRP
5Firms acting as trustee or depositary of an AIF are reminded of the obligations in FUND 3.11 (Depositaries) and Chapter IV (Depositary) of the AIFMD level 2 regulation which apply in addition to those in CASS.
CASS 1.4.7RRP
Subject to CASS 1.4.6 R, 5CASS applies to a depositary, when acting as such, with the following general modification: 'client' means 'trustee', 'trust', 'AIF', 'AIFM acting on behalf of the AIF', or 'collective investment scheme', as appropriate.555
CASS 1.4.8ARRP
(1) 7The application of CASS for a trustee firm acting as a depositary is set out in CASS 1.4.6 R and CASS 1.4.7 R.(2) The application of CASS for a trustee firm that is not acting as a depositary is limited as follows:(a) the mandate rules apply;(b) for MiFID business, the custody chapter and the client money chapter apply; and(c) for business that is not MiFID business, the custody chapter and the client money chapter apply only to trustee firms acting as trustees of personal
CASS 1.4.15GRP
(1) 6The debt management client money chapter applies to CASS debt management firms receiving or holding client money.(2) The mandate rules apply, where relevant, to CASS debt management firms carrying on debt management activity.
CASS 11.12.2RRP
A CASS debt management firm which holds client money must maintain at all times and be able to retrieve, in the manner described in this section, a CASS 11 resolution pack.
CASS 11.12.3RRP
A CASS debt management firm must include within its CASS 11 resolution pack all those documents referred to in CASS 11.12.4 R.
CASS 11.12.4RRP
The documents in CASS 11.12.3 R that a CASS debt management firm must include within its CASS 11 resolution pack are:(1) a master document containing information sufficient to retrieve each document in the firm'sCASS 11 resolution pack;(2) a document which identifies all the approved banks with whom client money may be deposited;(3) a document which identifies each appointed representative, field representative or other agent of the firm which may receive client money in its capacity
CASS 11.12.5RRP
In relation to each document in a CASS debt management firm'sCASS 11 resolution pack a firm must:(1) put in place adequate arrangements to ensure that an administrator, receiver, trustee, liquidator or analogous officer appointed in respect of it or any material part of its property is able to retrieve each document as soon as practicable and, in any event, within 48 hours of that officer’s appointment; and(2) ensure that it is able to retrieve each document as soon as practicable
CASS 11.12.6RRP
(1) A CASS debt management firm must ensure that it reviews the content of its CASS 11 resolution pack on an ongoing basis to ensure that it remains accurate.(2) In relation to any change of circumstances that has the effect of rendering inaccurate, in any material respect, the content of a document specified in CASS 11.12.4 R, a firm must ensure that any inaccuracy is corrected promptly and in any event no more than five business days after the change of circumstances arose.
CASS 11.12.7RRP
A CASS debt management firm must notify the FCA in writing immediately if it has not complied with, or is unable to comply with, CASS 11.12.2 R and CASS 11.12.6 R.
CASS 1.2.1GRP
The rules in CASS 1.2 set out the maximum scope of this sourcebook. The application of CASS is modified for certain activities by 1CASS 1.4. Also particular chapters or sections of CASS may have provisions which limit their application.
CASS 1.2.2RRP
CASS applies to every firm, except as provided for in CASS 1.2.3 R, with respect to the carrying on of:(1) all regulated activities except to the extent that a provision of CASS provides for a narrower application; and(2) unregulated activities to the extent specified in any provision of CASS.
CASS 1.2.3RRP
CASS does not apply to:(1) an ICVC; or(2) an incoming EEA firm other than an insurer, with respect to its passported activities; or(3) a UCITS qualifier.
CASS 1.2.4RRP
With the exception of this chapter and the insurance client money chapter, CASS does2 not apply to:2(1) an authorised professional firm with respect to its non-mainstream regulated activities; or(2) the Society.
CASS 1.2.7GRP
(1) [deleted]77(2) 7[deleted]7(3) [deleted]77(3A) [deleted]77(4) [deleted]77(5) [deleted]525(6) [deleted]77(7) The debt management client money chapter applies to CASS debt management firms receiving or holding client money for, or on behalf of, a client in the course of or in connection with debt management activity.6
CASS 1.2.8GRP
(1) CASS applies directly in respect of activities conducted with or for all categories of clients.22(2) [deleted]52225(3) The insurance client money chapter2 does not generally distinguish between different categories of client. However, the term consumer4is used for those to 4whom additional obligations are owed, rather than the term retail client.2 This is to be consistent with the client categories used in 1the Insurance: New Conduct of Business sourcebook4.2424(4) Each provision
CASS 1.2.9AGRP
(1) 7The fact that a firm'sclient is an affiliated company for MiFID business does not affect the operation of CASS to the firm in relation to that client.(2) For business that is not MiFID business, the operation of the custody chapter or the client money chapter may differ if a firm'sclient is an affiliated company and depending on certain other conditions (see, for example, CASS 6.1.10B R and CASS 7.10.26 R7).7
CASS 1.2.13GRP
2A firm may, where permitted by the relevant rules7 opt to hold under a single chapter money that would otherwise be held under different chapters (see CASS 7.10.3 R and CASS 7.10.30 R7). However, making such an election does not remove the requirement under CASS 1.2.11R (1). 7555757
CASS 1.3.1GRP
The rules in CASS 1.3 set out the maximum territorial scope of this sourcebook. Particular rules may have express territorial limitations.
CASS 1.3.2RRP
Except as provided for in CASS 1.2.3 R (2), CASS applies to every firm, in relation to regulated activities carried on by it from an establishment in the United Kingdom.
CASS 1.3.3RRP
CASS applies to every UK firm, other than an insurer, in relation to passported activities carried on by it from a branch in another EEA State.
CASS 1.3.4RRP
1CASS does not apply to an incoming ECA provider acting as such.
CASS 1A.3.1RRP
A firmCASS small firm1 must allocate to a director performing a significant influence function or a senior manager performing a significant influence function responsibility for:(1) oversight of the firm’s operational compliance with CASS; and2(2) reporting to the firm’sgoverning body in respect of that oversight.22
CASS 1A.3.1ARRP
1A CASS medium firm and a CASS large firm must allocate to a director or senior manager the function of:(1) oversight of the operational effectiveness of that firm’s systems and controls that are designed to achieve compliance with CASS;(2) reporting to the firm’sgoverning body in respect of that oversight; and(3) completing and submitting a CMAR to the FCA in accordance with SUP 16.14.
CASS 1A.3.1BGRP
1CASS 1A.3.1A R describes the controlled function known as the CASS operational oversight function. The table of controlled functions in SUP 10.4.5 R together with SUP 10.7.9 R specify the CASS operational oversight function as a required function for a firm to which CASS 1A.3.1A R applies.
CASS 1A.3.1CRRP
2If, at the time a firm becomes a CASS medium firm or a CASS large firm in accordance with CASS 1A.2.12 R (1) or CASS 1A.2.12 R (2), the firm is not able to comply with CASS 1A.3.1A R because it has no director or senior manager who is an approved person in respect of the CASS operational oversight function, the firm must:(1) take the necessary steps to ensure that it complies with CASS 1A.3.1A R as soon as practicable, which must at least include submitting an application for
CASS 1.1.2GRP
The purpose of this chapter is to set out to whom, for what activities, and within what territorial limits the rules, evidential provisions and guidance in CASS apply.
SUP 10A.7.9RRP
In relation to a CASS medium firm and a CASS large firm (other than a CASS large debt management firm)3, the CASS operational oversight function is the function of acting in the capacity of a person to whom is allocated the function set out in CASS 1A.3.1A R.
SUP 10A.7.9ARRP
In relation to a CASS large debt management firm, the CASS operational oversight function is the function of acting in the capacity of a person to whom is allocated the function in CASS 11.3.4 R.
COBS 2.4.9RRP
Any information that a rule in COBS or CASS requires to be sent to a client may be sent to another person on the instruction of the client so long as the recipient is not connected to the firm.
COBS 2.4.10RRP
In the case of business that is not MiFID or equivalent third country business, if a rule in COBS or CASS requires information to be sent to a client, a firm need not send that information so long as it takes reasonable steps to establish that it has been or will be supplied by another person.
MIPRU 4.4.5RRP
In relation to a sole trader'sfirm or a firm which is a partnership, the sole trader or a partner in the firm may use personal assets to meet the general solvency requirement and the general capital resource requirement, to the extent necessary to make up any shortfall in meeting those requirements, unless:(1) those assets are needed to meet other liabilities arising from:(a) personal activities; or(b) another business activity not regulated by the appropriate regulator; or(2)
MIPRU 4.4.8RRP
(1) This rule applies to a firm which:(a) carries on:(i) insurance mediation activity; or(ii) home finance mediation activity1(or both); and1in relation to those activities, holds client money or other client assets; or5(b) carries on home financing or home finance administration connected to regulated mortgage contracts (or both) unless as at 26 April 2014 its Part IV permission was and continues to remain subject to a restriction preventing it from undertaking new home financing
MIPRU 4.2.4RRP
In this chapter, "client assets" includes a document only if it has value, or is capable of having value, in itself (such as a bearer instrument)
MIPRU 4.2.21RRP
(1) If a firm carrying on home finance mediation activity1 and home financing1 or home finance administration1 does not hold client money or other client assets in relation to itshome finance mediation activity1, the capital resources2 requirement is:1111112(a) in the case of a firm carrying on home financing which is not connected to regulated mortgage contracts or home finance administration which is not connected to regulated mortgage contracts, the amount applied to a firm
SUP 10A.1.16ARRP
3This chapter applies to an appointed representative that has a limited permission to carry on a regulated activity prescribed for the purposes of section 39(1E)(a) of the Act as follows:(1) FCA controlled functions apply to the appointed representative as set out in SUP 10A.1.15 R and SUP 10A.1.16 R in relation to the carrying on of the regulated activity, for which it does not have permission, comprised in the business for which its principal has accepted responsibility; (2)
SUP 10A.1.25RRP
(1) 3Subject to (2) and (3), this chapter, except in respect of the apportionment and oversight function, does not apply to a firm that has limited permission in relation to the carrying on of the relevant credit activity (as defined in paragraph 2G of Schedule 6 to the Act) for which it has limited permission.(2) Subject to (3), this chapter does not apply to a not-for-profit debt advice body.(3) This chapter applies to a not-for-profit debt advice body that is a CASS large debt
SUP 16.7A.1RRP
1This section applies to every firm in the regulatory activity group (RAG) set out in column (1), which is a type of firm in column (2), of the tables in SUP 16.7A.3 R and SUP 16.7A.5 R, except:(1) an incoming EEA firm with permission for cross border services only;(2) an incoming EEA firm in relation to its carrying on of bidding in emissions auctions;(3) an oil market participant that is not subject to the requirements of IPRU(INV) Chapter 3;(4) an authorised professional firm
SUP 3.1.2RRP
Applicable sections (see SUP 3.1.1 R)This table and the provisions in SUP 3 should be read in conjunction with GEN 2.2.23 R to GEN 2.2.25 G. In particular, the PRA does not apply any of the provisions in SUP 3 in respect of FCA-authorised persons. SUP 3.10 and SUP 3.11 are applied by the FCA only.37(1) Category of firm(2) Sections applicable to the firm(3) Sections applicable to its auditor(1) Authorised professional firm which is required by IPRU(INV) 2.1.2R to comply with chapters
SUP 1A.4.4GRP
Some of these tools, for example the use of public statements to deliver messages to firms or consumers of financial services, do not involve the FCA in direct oversight of the business of firms. In contrast, other tools do involve a direct relationship with firms. The FCA also has powers to act on its own initiative to impose or vary individual requirements on a firm (see SUP 7) and to ban or impose requirements in relation to specific financial promotions. The FCA may also
CONC 1.1.3GRP
Firms are reminded that other parts of the FCA Handbook and PRA Handbook also apply to credit-related regulated activities. For example, the arrangements for supervising firms, including applicable reporting obligations, are described in the Supervision manual (SUP) and the detailed requirements for handling complaints are set out in the Dispute Resolution: Complaints sourcebook (DISP). The Client Assets sourcebook (CASS) also contains rules about client money that apply in certain
CONC 12.1.4RRP
Table: Disapplied or modified modules or provisions of the Handbook ModuleDisapplication or modificationSenior Management Arrangements, Systems and Control sourcebook (SYSC)[FCA]SYSC 6.1.4C R (requirement of debt management firm or credit repair firm to appoint a compliance officer) does not apply to a firm with an interim permission.SYSC 6.3.8 R (responsibility for anti-money laundering systems and controls) does not apply to a firm with only an interim permission.SYSC 6.3.9
SYSC 3.2.8RRP
(1) A firm which carries on designated investment business with or for retail clients or professional clients8 must allocate to a director or senior manager the function of:8(a) having responsibility for oversight of the firm's compliance; and(b) reporting to the governing body in respect of that responsibility.1(2) In 10 (1) "compliance" means compliance with the rules in:(a) COBS8(Conduct of Business); 8(b) COLL ( Collective Investment Schemes sourcebook)10; and1010(c) CASS
MIPRU 4.1.17GRP
There is a greater risk to consumers, and a greater adverse impact on market confidence, if a firm holding client money or other client assets fails. For this reason, the capital resources rules in this chapter clearly distinguish between firms holding client assets and those that do not.
SUP 3.10.9CGRP
(1) 5The FCA expects that the list of breaches will include every breach of a rule in CASS insofar as that rule is within the scope of the client assets report and is identified in the course of the auditor’s review of the period covered by the report, whether identified by the auditor or disclosed to it by the firm, or by any third party.(2) 5For the purpose of determining whether to qualify its opinion or express an adverse opinion, the FCA would expect an auditor to exercise