Related provisions for BIPRU 8.7.17

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MIPRU 4.2F.2RRP
MIPRU 4.2F sets out the risk weights that a firm should apply to exposures in the form of loans secured on real estate property, other loans, exposures in the form of funds, and past due items, when calculating risk weighted exposure amounts for calculating the credit risk capital requirement under MIPRU 4.2.23 R.
MIPRU 4.2F.4RRP
Without prejudice to MIPRU 4.2F.36 R, an exposure or any part of an exposure must be assigned a risk weight of 35% where: (1) the exposure is fully and completely secured, to the satisfaction of the firm, by mortgages on residential property; and(2) the residential property is, or will be, occupied or let by the owner or the beneficial owner in the case of personal investment companies.
MIPRU 4.2F.5RRP
Without prejudice to MIPRU 4.2F.36 R, an exposure, or any part of an exposure, must be assigned a risk weight of 75% where: (1) the exposure arises from a mortgage on residential property up to a limit of 100% of the value of the property which is not fully and completely secured, to the satisfaction of the firm, by that mortgage; and(2) the residential property is, or will be, occupied or let by the owner or the beneficial owner in the case of personal investment companies.
MIPRU 4.2F.6RRP
An exposure or any part of an exposure must be assigned a risk weight of 100% where the exposure arises from a mortgage on residential property that exceeds the value of the available collateral, as assessed in accordance with MIPRU 4.2F.29 R.
MIPRU 4.2F.7RRP
(1) A firm must not treat a lifetime mortgage as an exposure fully and completely secured on residential property for the purposes of MIPRU 4.2F.4 R unless the amount of the exposure is calculated according to the following formula:where:(a) P is the current outstanding balance on the lifetime mortgage;(b) i is the interest rate charged on the lifetime mortgage, which for the purposes of this calculation must not be lower than the discount rate referred to in (c);(c) d is the
MIPRU 4.2F.9RRP
Without prejudice to MIPRU 4.2F.36 R, an exposure, or any part of an exposure, to a tenant under a property leasing transaction must be assigned a risk weight of 35% where: (1) the transaction concerns residential property; (2) under the transaction, the firm is the lessor and the tenant has an option to purchase; and(3) the firm is satisfied that the exposure is fully and completely secured by its ownership of the property.
MIPRU 4.2F.33RRP
If a firm has an exposure arising through a second-charge mortgage secured on the same property as a first-charge loan from a different firm, the exposure, taking into account the first-charge mortgage, must be split into the following components and risk weighted as follows, after taking into account the seniority of the first-charge loan:(1) the amount of the exposure or any part of the exposure, up to a limit of 80% of the value of the residential property, must be assigned
MIPRU 4.2F.34GRP
(1) The application of MIPRU 4.2F.33 R may be illustrated by an example. Where a first-charge mortgage exposure of £50,000 from another lender is secured on residential property in the United Kingdom that satisfies the criteria in MIPRU 4.2F.4 R to MIPRU 4.2F.29 R and the value of that property is £100,000, then a firm with a second-charge mortgage of £60,000 on the same property may treat £30,000 of that exposure as fully and completely secured and risk weight it at 35%, treat
MIPRU 4.2F.36RRP
Exposures to residential property situated in an EEA State or a third-country must be assigned a risk weight of 75% up to a limit of 100% of the value of the property.
MIPRU 4.2F.37RRP
Exposures, or any part of an exposure, secured by mortgages on offices or other commercial premises must be assigned a risk weight of 100% where the exposure:(1) cannot properly be considered to fall within any other standardised credit risk exposure class specified in MIPRU 4.2A.6A R (Exposure classes); or (2) does not qualify for a lower risk weight under this section.
MIPRU 4.2F.40RRP
Exposures in the form of funds for which a credit assessment by a nominated ECAI is available must be assigned a risk weight using:(1) the table in MIPRU 4.2E.14 R to determine the credit quality step associated with that credit assessment; and(2) the table in MIPRU 4.2F.41 R to determine the risk weight to be applied to the rated position, based on the associated credit quality step.
MIPRU 4.2F.41RRP
Table: Exposures in the form of funds for which a credit assessment by a nominated ECAI is availableThis table belongs to MIPRU 4.2F.40 R. Credit quality step123456Risk weight20%50%100%100%150%150%
MIPRU 4.2F.42RRP
Where a firm considers that a position in a fund is associated with particularly high risks, it must assign that position a risk weight of 150%.
MIPRU 4.2F.43GRP
A firm should consider a fund as being high risk where there is no external credit assessment from an eligible ECAI and where the fund has specific features (such as high levels of leverage or lack of transparency).
IFPRU 4.12.1RRP
(1) A firm must notify the FCA that it is relying on the deemed transfer of significant credit risk under article 244(2)2 of the EU CRR (Traditional securitisation) or article 245(2)2 of the EU CRR (Synthetic securitisation), including when this is for the purposes of article 337(5) of the EU CRR, no later than one month after the date of the transfer.(2) The notification in (1) must include sufficient information to allow the FCA to assess whether the possible reduction in risk-weighted
IFPRU 4.12.2GRP
An originator of securitisations is able to use the securitisation risk weights (and not calculate own funds requirements on the assets underlying its securitisation) in either of the following cases:(1) the firm transfers significant credit risk associated with the securitisedexposures to third parties; or(2) the firm deducts from common equity tier 1 capital or applies a 1250% risk weight to all positions it holds in the securitisation.
IFPRU 4.12.3GRP
The significant risk transfer requirements in articles 2442 (Traditional securitisation) or 2452 (Synthetic securitisation) of the EU CRR provide three options for a firm to demonstrate how it transfers significant credit risk for any given transaction:(1) the originator does not retain more than 50% of the risk-weighted exposure amounts of mezzanine securitisation positions (as defined in article 242(18) of the EU CRR)2, where these are:(a) securitisation positions to which
IFPRU 4.12.5GRP
Where the FCA considers that the possible reduction in risk-weighted exposure amounts (RWEA) achieved via the securitisation is not justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties, significant risk transfer will be considered to not have been achieved. Consequently, a firm will not be able to recognise any reduction in RWEA due to the transaction.
IFPRU 4.12.10GRP
Notification under IFPRU 4.12.1 G should include sufficient information to enable the FCA to assess whether the possible reduction in RWEA which would be achieved by the securitisation is justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties. The FCA expects this to include the following:(1) details of the securitisation positions, including rating, exposure value and RWEA broken down by securitisation positions sold and retained;(2) key transaction documentation
IFPRU 4.12.11GRP
The FCA's review will focus on the proportion of credit risk transferred, compared to the proportion by which RWEA are reduced in the transaction. Where the FCA judges that the reduction in RWEA is not justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties, it will inform the firm that significant risk transfer has not been achieved by this transaction. Otherwise, the FCA will inform the firm that it does not object to the transaction.
IFPRU 4.12.12GRP
The FCA does not intend to pre-approve transactions. The FCA will provide a view on whether it considers that commensurate risk transfer has been achieved at a point in time, which may be provided after a transaction has closed. The FCA may reassess its judgement of the achievement of commensurate risk transfer if the level of credit risk transfer in a transaction changes materially.
IFPRU 4.12.18GRP
The FCA intends to apply two materiality limits to the proportion of risk-weighted exposure amount (RWEA) relief that can be taken under any permission covering multiple transactions:(1) transaction level limit any transaction that would, in principle, be within the scope of the permission, but that resulted in an RWEA reduction exceeding 1% of the firm's credit risk-related RWEAs as at the date of the firm's most recent regulatory return, will fall outside the scope of a multiple
IFPRU 4.12.23GRP
Given that significant risk transfer should be met on a continuing basis, permissions will typically include a requirement to notify the FCA of any change in circumstances from those under which the permission was granted (eg, where the amount of credit risk transfer had changed materially). Any reduction in credit risk transfer subsequent to the permission being granted will require the firm to take a commensurate reduction in RWEA relief. If a firm does not effect a commensurate
IFPRU 4.12.24GRP
An originator must transfer a significant amount of credit risk associated with securitisedexposures to third parties to be able to apply the securitisation risk weights set out in Part Three, Title II, Chapter 5 of the EU CRR (Securitisation), and any associated reduction in own funds requirements must be matched by a commensurate transfer of risk to third parties.
IFPRU 4.12.28GRP
Some transactions can transfer little or no economic risk from the protection buyer to the protection seller, but may still result in a reduction in own funds requirements. A particular example of a transaction-type of concern involves protection being purchased on a junior tranche and a high premium is paid for that transaction.
IFPRU 4.12.36GRP
The FCA expects the instruments used to transfer credit risk not to contain provisions which limit the amount of risk transferred. For example, should losses or defaults on the securitised exposures occur1(ie, deterioration in the credit quality of the underlying pool) the FCA expects the originator's net cost of protection or the yield payable to investors should not increase as a result.1
IFPRU 4.12.42GRP
Where a firm achieves significant risk transfer for a particular transaction, the FCA expects it to continue to monitor risks related to the transaction to which it may still be exposed. The firm should consider capital planning implications of securitised assets returning to its balance sheet. The EU CRR requires a firm to conduct regular stress testing of its securitisation activities and off-balance sheet exposures. The stress tests should consider the firm-wide impact of stressed
MIPRU 4.2C.2GRP
MIPRU 4.2C sets out the provisions a firm should comply with when calculating risk weighted exposure amounts for calculating the credit risk capital requirement1 under MIPRU 4.2.23 R.11
MIPRU 4.2C.11RRP
1A firm must:(1) satisfy the FCA that it has systems to manage risks arising from its use of credit protection; and(2) demonstrate how its strategy on the use of credit protection interacts with the firm's management of its overall risk profile.
MIPRU 4.2C.14GRP
1A clause that allows the protection provider unilaterally to cancel the contract after a reasonable period due to non-payment of premiums and other monies due under the contract will not normally indicate non-compliance with MIPRU 4.2C.13R (3)(a). The reason is that payment of such monies is within the control of the firm.
MIPRU 4.2C.15RRP
1For a guarantee, including those in the form of mortgage indemnity products, to be recognised, the following conditions must be met in addition to those in MIPRU 4.2C.13 R:(1) on the qualifying default of and/or non-payment by the borrower, the firm must have the right to pursue, in a timely manner, the guarantor for any monies due under the claim for which the protection is provided;(2) payment by the guarantor must not be subject to the firm first having to pursue the borrower;(3)
MIPRU 4.2C.17RRP
1The calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts may be modified in accordance with this section where a firm has complied with MIPRU 4.2C.7 R to MIPRU 4.2C.16 R.
MIPRU 4.2C.19RRP
1Where the risk weighted exposure amount already takes account of credit protection, the calculation of the credit protection must not be further recognised under MIPRU 4.2C (Credit risk mitigation).
MIPRU 4.2C.22RRP
1For the purpose of MIPRU 4.2C.21 R, HFX is set at 10%.
MIPRU 4.2C.23RRP
1For the purpose of MIPRU 4.2C.21 R, where there is no currency mismatch:G* = G
MIPRU 4.2C.24RRP
(1) 1In calculating risk weighted exposure amounts, a maturity mismatch occurs where the residual maturity of the credit protection is less than that of the protected exposure.(2) Protection of less than three months residual maturity, the maturity of which is less than the maturity of the underlying exposure, must not be recognised.
MIPRU 4.2C.25RRP
1Where there is a maturity mismatch the credit protection must not be recognised if the original maturity of the protection is less than one year.
MIPRU 4.2C.26RRP
(1) 1Subject to a maximum of five years, the effective maturity of the underlying exposure is the longest possible remaining time before the borrower is scheduled to fulfil its obligations.(2) Unless MIPRU 4.2C.27 R applies, the maturity of the credit protection is the length of time to the earliest date at which the protection may terminate or be terminated.
MIPRU 4.2C.27RRP
(1) 1Where there is an option to terminate the protection which is at the discretion of the protection seller, the maturity of the protection must be taken to be the length of time to the earliest date at which that option may be exercised.(2) Where there is an option to terminate the protection which is at the discretion of the protection buyer and the terms of the arrangement at the origination of the protection contain a positive incentive for the firm to call the transaction
MIPRU 4.2C.28RRP
(1) 1The maturity of the credit protection and that of the exposure must be reflected in the adjusted value of the credit protection according to the following formula: GA = G* x (t-t*)/(T-t*) where:(a) G* is the amount of the protection adjusted for any currency mismatch;(b) GA is G* adjusted for any maturity mismatch;(c) t is the number of years remaining to the maturity date of the credit protection calculated in accordance with MIPRU 4.2C.27 R to MIPRU 4.2C.28 R, or the value
MIPRU 4.2C.30RRP
(1) 1Proportional regulatory capital relief is afforded if:(a) the protected amount is less than the exposure value; and(b) the protected and unprotected portions are of equal seniority, i.e. the firm and the protection provider share losses on a pro-rata basis.(2) Under MIPRU 4.2A.9 R, MIPRU 4.2A.12 R, MIPRU 4.2A.17A R and MIPRU 4.2A.17B R, risk weighted exposure amounts must be calculated in accordance with the following formula:(E-GA) x r + GA x gwhere:(a) E is the exposure
MIPRU 4.2A.1RRP
1This section applies to a firm carrying on any home financing connected to regulated mortgage contracts or home financing and home financing administration connected to regulated mortgage contracts see3MIPRU 4.2.23 R .3
MIPRU 4.2A.2GRP
MIPRU 4.2A sets out how a firm should calculate its creditrisk capital requirement.33
MIPRU 4.2A.4RRP
The credit risk capital requirement3of a firm is 8% of the total of its risk weighted exposure amounts for exposures that:3(1) are on its balance sheet; and(2) derive from: (a) a loan entered into; or(b) a securitisation position originated; or(c) a fund3position entered into;3on or after 26 April 2014; and (3) have not been deducted from the firm'scapital resources under MIPRU 4.4.4 R or MIPRU 4.2BA;calculated in accordance with MIPRU 4.2A.
MIPRU 4.2A.4ARRP
Loans, securitisation positions and fund positions entered into before 26 April 2014 are excluded from the credit risk capital requirement calculation.
MIPRU 4.2A.5RRP
Any arrangements entered into on or after 26 April 20142 which increase the amount of a loan already advanced or change the security to a loan already advanced or change the contractual terms (other than if the firm is exercising forbearance) of a loan already advanced will be subject to the credit risk capital requirement under MIPRU 4.2A.4R (2)(a) provided that, where the arrangements only increase the amount of a loan already advanced, such requirement shall only apply to the
MIPRU 4.2A.5AGRP
The arrangements excluded from the credit risk capital requirement3 include:3(1) a loan acquired by a firm on or 3after 26 April 2014 if that loan was made before 26 April 2014;(2) arrangements made as a result of forbearance procedures, including: (a) a change in the basis of interest payments from variable to fixed rate; or(b) a change from a repayment mortgage to interest only; or(c) the capitalisation of interest which increases the principal outstanding, where there is no
MIPRU 4.2A.10RRP
To calculate risk weighted exposure amounts on exposures secured by mortgages on residential property, risk weights must be applied to all such exposures, in accordance with MIPRU 4.2F.4 R to MIPRU 4.2F.10 G3.33
MIPRU 4.2A.10ARRP
3To calculate risk weighted exposure amount on exposures secured by mortgages on commercial property, risk weights must be applied to all such exposures in accordance with MIPRU 4.2F.37 R.
MIPRU 4.2A.10BRRP
3To calculate risk weighted exposure amounts on other loans, risk weights must be applied to all such exposures in accordance with MIPRU 4.2F.38 R.
MIPRU 4.2A.11RRP
To calculate risk weighted exposure amounts on exposures in funds3, risk weights must be applied to all such exposures, in accordance with MIPRU 4.2F.39 R to MIPRU 4.2F.49 R3.333
MIPRU 4.2A.12RRP
To calculate risk weighted exposure amounts3for securitised exposures, risk weights3 must be calculated in accordance with 3MIPRU 4.2BA (Securitisation)3.3
MIPRU 4.2A.17BRRP
3Where an exposure is subject to credit risk mitigation, the risk weighted exposure amount applicable to that item may be modified in accordance with MIPRU 4.2C (Credit risk mitigation).
MIPRU 4.2BA.2RRP
A firm must calculate the risk weighted exposure amounts for the securitisation positions it holds under MIPRU 4.2BA.31 R to MIPRU 4.2BA.53 R.
MIPRU 4.2BA.3GRP
Where a firm has transferred significant credit risk associated with securitised exposures which it has originated under MIPRU 4.2BA.5 R (High-level principles) and has complied with other applicable requirements in this section, it may exclude those securitised exposures from the calculation of its risk weighted exposure amount and expected loss amounts.
MIPRU 4.2BA.5RRP
(1) Economic substance: the risk management and capital treatment of a securitisation must be determined on the basis of its economic substance and not its legal form.(2) Eligible structures: only standalone traditional securitisations are eligible.(3) Eligible underlying assets: term assets (e.g. residential mortgages) originated by the firm are eligible. (4) Effective credit-risk transfer: the securitisation mechanism (e.g. true sale) must effectively transfer the risks of the
MIPRU 4.2BA.10RRP
Monitoring: a firm must continuously monitor risks that it may be subject to when it has excluded the securitised exposures from its calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts.
MIPRU 4.2BA.15RRP
(1) Credit-granting: a firm must apply the same sound and well-defined criteria used under SYSC 7.1.9 R for credit-granting in respect of exposures held on the balance sheet to exposures to be securitised.(2) These criteria must include the processes for approving and, where relevant, amending, renewing and re-financing credits.
MIPRU 4.2BA.21RRP
A clean-up call option must satisfy all of the following conditions:(1) it must be exercisable at the discretion of the firm;(2) it must only be exercised when 10% or less of the original value of the exposures securitised remains unamortised; (3) it must not be structured so that allocating losses to credit enhancement positions or other positions held by investors can be avoided; and (4) it must not otherwise be structured to provide credit enhancement.
MIPRU 4.2BA.22RRP
The credit enhancement documentation must not contain clauses that require securitisation positions to be improved by the firm in response to a deterioration in the credit quality of the securitised exposures, including: (1) altering the credit quality of the underlying exposures; or(2) increasing the yield payable to investors in the securitisation positions.
MIPRU 4.2BA.24RRP
In general, any such repurchase must be subject to the firm's credit-granting process, which should be adequate to ensure that the repurchase does not provide support.
MIPRU 4.2BA.31RRP
The risk weighted exposure amount equals the on-balance sheet exposure value multiplied by the risk weight associated with the credit quality step with which the credit assessment of that exposure value is associated.
MIPRU 4.2BA.47RRP
The use of the concentration ratio approach for unrated securitisation positions is only permitted where all the following conditions are met:(1) the concentration ratio is equal to the sum of the nominal amounts of all the tranches divided by the sum of the nominal amounts of the tranches junior to, or equal to, the tranche in which the position is held, including that tranche itself;(2) where the resulting risk weight for a securitisation position is lower than any risk weight
MIPRU 4.2BA.50RRP
(1) A conversion factor of 100% must be applied to the nominal amount of unrated liquidity facilities unless the conditions in MIPRU 4.2BA.51 R or MIPRU 4.2BA.53 R for a conversion factor of 50% or 0% are met. (2) The risk weight to be applied is the highest risk weight that would be applied to any of the securitised exposures by a firm holding those exposures.
MIPRU 4.2E.1RRP
1For the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts, a firm must use solicited credit assessments from ECAIs in the following manner: (1) consistently and in accordance with this section; and(2) not selectively.
MIPRU 4.2E.7RRP
If two credit assessments are available from nominated ECAIs and the two correspond to different risk weights for a rated item, the higher risk weight must be applied.
MIPRU 4.2E.8RRP
(1) If more than two credit assessments are available from nominated ECAIs for a rated item, the two assessments generating the two lowest risk weights must be referred to. (2) If the two lowest risk weights are different, the higher risk weight must be assigned. (3) If the two lowest risk weights are the same, that risk weight must be assigned.
MIPRU 4.2E.9RRP
Where a credit assessment exists for a specific issuing programme or facility to which the item constituting the exposure belongs, this credit assessment must be used to determine the risk weight to be assigned to that item.
MIPRU 4.2E.10RRP
Where no directly applicable credit assessment exists for a certain item but a general credit assessment exists for the issuer, that general credit assessment must be used where it produces either of the following:(1) a higher risk weight than would otherwise be the case;(2) a lower risk weight and the exposure in question ranks as equally senior or senior in all respects to senior unsecured exposures of that issuer, as relevant.
MIPRU 4.2E.11RRP
Credit assessments for issuers within a group cannot be used as the credit assessment of another issuer within the same group.
MIPRU 4.2E.12RRP
A credit assessment that refers to an item denominated in the borrower's domestic currency cannot be used to derive a risk weight for another exposure on that same borrower that is denominated in a foreign currency.
BIPRU 8.7.1GRP
The calculation of the consolidated capital resources requirement of a firm's UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group involves taking the individual components that make up the capital resources requirement on a solo basis and applying them on a consolidated basis. Those components are the capital charge for credit risk (the credit risk capital requirement), the capital charge for market risk (the market risk capital requirement)4 and the fixed overheads requirement.
BIPRU 8.7.10RRP
A firm must calculate the consolidated capital resources requirement of its UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group as the higher of the following consolidated requirements components:33(1) the sum of the consolidated credit risk requirement and the consolidated market risk requirement; and3(2) the consolidated fixed overheads requirement. 3
BIPRU 8.7.12RRP
Table: Capital charges relating to consolidated requirement componentsThis table belongs to BIPRU 8.7.11 RConsolidated requirement componentRules on which the consolidated requirement component are based (the applicable risk capital requirement)Consolidated credit risk requirementCredit risk capital requirementConsolidated fixed overheads requirementFixed overheads requirementConsolidated market risk requirementMarket risk capital requirement3
BIPRU 8.7.15GRP
The provisions of this section on credit risk and market risk restrict the choice given by BIPRU 8.7.13 R in certain circumstances.
BIPRU 8.7.18GRP
The credit risk capital requirement (on which the consolidated credit risk requirement is based) is split into two3capital charges. One relates to credit risk in the non-trading book (the credit risk capital component). One relates to credit risk in the trading book (the counterparty risk capital component). 3131
BIPRU 8.7.20RRP
A firm may use a combination of the CCR standardised method, the CCR mark to market method and the CCR internal model method on a permanent basis with respect to the firm's UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group for the purposes of calculating the consolidated credit risk requirement. In particular, where the firm is permitted to apply the CCR internal model method on a consolidated basis with respect to its UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group, it may combine the
BIPRU 8.7.21RRP
BIPRU 9.4.1 R (Minimum requirements for recognition of significant credit risk transfer) as applied on a consolidated basis requires the transfer to be to a person outside the UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group.
BIPRU 8.7.29RRP
In accordance with BIPRU 8.2.1 R and BIPRU 8.3.1 R (The basic consolidation rules for a UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group), a firm may exclude that part of the risk capital requirement that arises as a result of:(1) (in respect of the consolidated credit risk requirement) intra-group balances; or(2) (in respect of the4consolidated fixed overheads requirement) intra-group transactions;with other undertakings in the UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group.
BIPRU 9.5.1RRP
(1) An originator of a synthetic securitisation may calculate risk weighted exposure amounts1, and, as relevant, expected loss amounts, for the securitised exposures in accordance with BIPRU 9.5.3 R and BIPRU 9.5.4 R, if either of the following conditions is fulfilled:1(a) 1significant credit risk is considered to have been transferred to third parties, either through funded or unfunded credit protection; or(b) 1the originator applies a 1250% risk weight to all securitisation
BIPRU 9.5.1BDRP
1An originator's application for a waiver of the requirements in BIPRU 9.5.1R (6) and (7) must demonstrate that the following conditions are satisfied:(1) it has policies and methodologies in place which ensure that the possible reduction of capital requirements which the originator achieves by the securitisation is justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties; and(2) that such transfer of credit risk to third parties is also recognised for the purposes
BIPRU 9.5.1FGRP
1In the event that the appropriate regulator decides that the possible reduction in risk weighted exposure amounts which the originatorcredit institution would achieve by the securitisation referred to in BIPRU 9.5.1R (6) is not justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties, it will use its powers under section 55J (Variation etc on the Authority's own initiative) of the Act to require the firm to increase its risk weight exposure amount to an amount commensurate
BIPRU 9.5.2RRP
BIPRU 9.5.3 R-BIPRU 9.5.8 R apply to the calculation by an originator of risk weighted exposure amounts for exposuressecuritised in a synthetic securitisation.
BIPRU 9.5.3RRP
(1) In calculating risk weighted exposure amounts for the securitised exposures, where the conditions in BIPRU 9.5.1 R are met, the originator of a synthetic securitisation must, subject to the treatment of maturity mismatches set out in BIPRU 9.5.6 R-BIPRU 9.5.8 R, use the relevant calculation methodologies set out in BIPRU 9.9-BIPRU 9.14and not those set out in BIPRU 3 (Standardised credit risk) or BIPRU 4 (IRB approach).(2) For firms calculating risk weighted exposure amounts
BIPRU 9.5.4RRP
Subject to the treatment of maturity mismatches set out in BIPRU 9.5.6 R-BIPRU 9.5.8 R, the originator must calculate risk weighted exposure amounts in respect of all tranches in the securitisation in accordance with the provisions of BIPRU 9.9-BIPRU 9.14. For example, where a tranche is transferred by means of unfunded credit protection to a third party, the risk weight of that third party must be applied to the tranche in the calculation of the originatorsrisk weighted exposure
BIPRU 9.5.6RRP
For the purposes of calculating risk weighted exposure amounts in accordance with BIPRU 9.5.3 R, any maturity mismatch between the credit protection by which the tranching is achieved and the securitised exposures must be taken into consideration in accordance with BIPRU 9.5.7 R-BIPRU 9.5.8 R.[Note:BCD Annex IX Part 2 point 5]
BIPRU 9.5.8RRP
(1) An originator must ignore any maturity mismatch in calculating risk weighted exposure amounts for tranches appearing pursuant to BIPRU 9.9-BIPRU 9.14 with a risk weight of 1250%. For all other tranches the maturity mismatch treatment prescribed in BIPRU 5.8 (Maturity mismatches) must be applied in accordance with the following formula:RW* is [RW(SP) x (t-t*)/(T-t*)] + [RW(Ass) x (T-t)/(T-t*)](2) The following apply for the purposes of the formula in (1):(a) RW* is risk weighted
BIPRU 3.4.7RRP
An export credit agency credit assessment may be recognised by a firm for the purpose of determining the risk weight to be applied to an exposure under the standardised approach if either of the following conditions is met:(1) the credit assessment is a consensus risk score from export credit agencies participating in the OECD "Arrangement on Guidelines for Officially Supported Export Credits"; or(2) the export credit agency publishes its credit assessments, and the export credit
BIPRU 3.4.40RRP
If there is no short-term credit assessment as set out in BIPRU 3.4.112 R, the general preferential treatment for short-term exposures as specified in BIPRU 3.4.37 R applies to all exposures to institutions of up to three months residual maturity.[Note: BCD Annex VI Part 1 point 34]
BIPRU 3.4.41RRP
If there is a short-term credit assessment as set out in BIPRU 3.4.112 R and such an assessment determines the application of a more favourable or identical risk weight than the use of the general preferential treatment for short-term exposures, as specified in BIPRU 3.4.37 R, then the short-term assessment and risk weighting specified in BIPRU 3.4.112 R must be used for that specific exposure only. Other short-term exposures must follow the general preferential treatment for
BIPRU 3.4.42RRP
If there is a short-term credit assessment as set out in BIPRU 3.4.112 R and such an assessment determines a less favourable risk weight than the use of the general preferential treatment for short-term exposures, as specified in BIPRU 3.4.37 R, then the general preferential treatment for short-term exposures must not be used and all unrated short-term claims must be assigned the same risk weight as that applied by the specific short-term assessment.[Note: BCD Annex VI Part 1
BIPRU 3.4.84RRP
For the purposes of BIPRU 3.4.56 R or BIPRU 3.4.58 R, a firm may only treat an exposure as fully and completely secured by residential property situated in the territory of a third-country competent authority that is listed as equivalent for credit risk in BIPRU 8 Annex 6 R3 if it would be treated as fully and completely secured under the applicable requirements of that third-country competent authority (including any applicable loan-to-value ceiling).3
BIPRU 3.4.85RRP
For the purposes of BIPRU 3.4.56 R or BIPRU 3.4.58 R, where the residential property in question is situated in the territory of a third-country competent authority that is not listed as equivalent for credit risk in BIPRU 8 Annex 3 R:(1) a firm must not treat an exposure as fully and completely secured by the residential property in question unless the value of the property exceeds the exposures by a substantial margin, which must be at least 20%;(2) the firm must apply a risk
BIPRU 3.4.89RRP
Exposures or any part of an exposure secured by mortgages on offices or other commercial premises which cannot properly be considered to fall within any other standardised credit risk exposure class or to qualify for a lower risk weight under BIPRU 3 must be assigned a risk weight of 100%.[Note: BCD Annex VI Part 1 point 51]
BIPRU 3.4.97RRP
For the purpose of defining the secured portion of the past due item, eligible collateral and guarantees must be those eligible for credit risk mitigation purposes under BIPRU 5.[Note: BCD Annex VI Part 1 point 62]
BIPRU 3.4.124RRP
Where a firm is not aware of the underlying exposures of a CIU, it may calculate an average risk weight for the CIU in accordance with the standardised approach subject to the following rules: it will be assumed that the CIU first invests, to the maximum extent allowed under its mandate, in the standardised credit risk exposure classes attracting the highest capital requirement, and then continues making investments in descending order until the maximum total investment limit
BIPRU 9.3.1RRP
(1) Where significant credit risk associated with securitised exposures has been transferred from the originator in accordance with the terms of BIPRU 9.4 or BIPRU 9.5, that originator may:(a) in the case of a traditional securitisation, exclude from its calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts and, as relevant, expected loss amounts, the exposures which it has securitised; and(b) in the case of a synthetic securitisation, calculate risk weighted exposure amounts and, as
BIPRU 9.3.7RRP
1Significant credit risk will be considered to have been transferred for originators in the following cases:(1) the risk weighted exposure amounts of the mezzanine securitisation positions held by the originator in the securitisation do not exceed 50% of the risk weighted exposure amounts of all mezzanine securitisation positions existing in this securitisation;(2) where there are no mezzanine securitisation positions in a given securitisation and the originator can demonstrate
BIPRU 9.3.8RRP
1An originator must notify the appropriate regulator that it is relying on the deemed transfer of significant credit risk under BIPRU 9.3.7R within a reasonable period before or after a relevant transfer, not being later than one month after the date of the transfer. The notification must include the following information: (1) the risk weighted exposure amount of the securitised exposures and retained securitisation positions; (2) the exposure value of the securitised exposures
BIPRU 9.3.9GRP
1In the event that the appropriate regulator decides that the possible reduction in risk weighted exposure amounts which the originator would achieve by the securitisation referred to in BIPRU 9.3.7R is not justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties, it will use its powers under section 55J of the Act (Variation etc on the Authority's own initiative) to require the firm to increase its risk weighted exposure amount to an amount commensurate with the appropriate
BIPRU 9.3.11DRP
1An originator's application for a waiver of the requirements in BIPRU 9.3.7R and BIPRU 9.3.8R must demonstrate that the following conditions are satisfied:(1) it has policies and methodologies in place which ensure that the possible reduction of capital requirements which the originator achieves by the securitisation is justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties; and(2) that such transfer of credit risk to third parties is also recognised for the purposes
BIPRU 9.4.1RRP
The originator of a traditional securitisation may exclude securitised exposures from the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts and expected loss amounts if either of the following conditions is fulfilled:(1) 2significant credit risk associated with the securitised exposures is considered to have been transferred to third parties; or(2) 2the originator applies a 1250% risk weight to all securitisation positions it holds in the securitisation or deducts these securitisation
BIPRU 9.4.11RRP
2Significant credit risk will be considered to be transferred for an originator in the following cases:(1) 2the risk weighted exposure amounts of the mezzanine securitisation positions held by the originator in the securitisation do not exceed 50% of the risk weighted exposure amounts of all mezzanine securitisation positions existing in this securitisation;(2) 2where there are no mezzanine securitisation positions in a given securitisation and the originator can demonstrate that
BIPRU 9.4.12RRP
2An originator must notify the appropriate regulator that it is relying on the deemed transfer of significant credit risk under BIPRU 9.4.11R within a reasonable period before or after a relevant transfer, not being later than one month after the date of the transfer. The notification must include the following information:(1) 2the risk weighted exposure amount of the securitised exposures and retained securitisation positions; (2) 2the exposure value of the securitised exposures
BIPRU 9.4.13GRP
2In the event that the appropriate regulator decides that the possible reduction in risk weighted exposure amounts which the originator would achieve by the securitisation referred to in BIPRU 9.4.11R is not justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties, it will use its powers under section 55J (Variation etc on the Authority's own initiative) of the Act to require the firm to increase its risk weight exposure amount to an amount commensurate with the appropriate
BIPRU 9.4.15DRP
2An originator's application for a waiver of the requirements in BIPRU 9.4.11R and BIPRU 9.4.12R must demonstrate that the following conditions are satisfied.(1) 2it has policies and methodologies in place which ensure that the possible reduction of capital requirements which the originator achieves by the securitisation is justified by a commensurate transfer of credit risk to third parties; and(2) 2that such a transfer of credit risk to third parties is also recognised for the
BIPRU 11.5.4RRP
A firm must disclose the following information regarding compliance with BIPRU 3, BIPRU 4, 5, BIPRU 7, 5 and the overall Pillar 2 rule:(1) a summary of the firm's approach to assessing the adequacy of its internal capital to support current and future activities;(2) for a firm calculating risk weighted exposure amounts in accordance with the standardised approach to credit risk, 8% of the risk weighted exposure amounts for each of the standardised credit risk exposure classes;(3)
BIPRU 11.5.7RRP
A firm must disclose the following information regarding its exposure to counterparty credit risk:(1) a discussion of the methodology used to assign internal capital and credit limits for counterparty credit exposures;(2) a discussion of policies for securing collateral and establishing credit reserves;(3) a discussion of policies with respect to wrong-way riskexposures;(4) a discussion of the impact of the amount of collateral the firm would have to provide given a downgrade
BIPRU 11.5.8RRP
A firm must disclose the following information regarding its exposure to credit risk and dilution risk:(1) the definitions for accounting purposes of past due and impaired;(2) a description of the approaches and methods adopted for determining value adjustments and provisions;(3) the total amount of exposures after accounting offsets and without taking into account the effects of credit risk mitigation, and the average amount of the exposures over the period broken down by different
BIPRU 11.5.10RRP
For a firm calculating risk weighted exposure amounts in accordance with the standardised approach to credit risk, the following information must be disclosed for each of the standardised credit risk exposure classes;(1) the names of the nominated ECAIs and export credit agencies and the reasons for any changes;(2) the standardised credit risk exposure classes for which each ECAI or export credit agency is used;(3) a description of the process used to transfer the issuer and issue
BIPRU 11.5.12RRP
A firm must disclose its capital resources requirements separately for each risk referred to in (1), (2) and (3):44(1) in respect of its trading-book business, its:(a) interest rate PRR;(b) equity PRR;1(c) option PRR;(d) collective investment schemesPRR;(e) counterparty risk capital component; and(f) [deleted]6(2) in respect of all of its business activities, its:(a) commodity PRR; and(b) foreign currency PRR; and41(3) its specific interest-rate risk of securitisation positions.4[Note:
BIPRU 11.5.17RRP
A firm calculating risk weighted exposure amounts in accordance with BIPRU 9 or capital resource requirements according to BIPRU 7.2.48A R to BIPRU 7.2.48K R4 must disclose the following information, where relevant separately for its trading book and non-trading book:4(1) a description of the firm's objectives in relation to securitisation activity;(1A) the nature of other risks, including liquidity risk inherent in securitised assets;4(1B) the type of risks in terms of seniority
BIPRU 4.7.3RRP
Notwithstanding BIPRU 4.3.5 R (Relevant parameters), the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts for credit risk for all exposures belonging to the equity exposureIRB exposure class must be calculated in accordance with one of the following ways:(1) the simple risk weight approach (see BIPRU 4.7.8 R;(2) the PD/LGD approach (see BIPRU 4.7.13 R); and(3) the internal models approach (see BIPRU 4.7.23 R);in accordance with BIPRU 4.7 and subject to the firm'sIRB permission.[Note:BCD
BIPRU 4.7.6RRP
Notwithstanding BIPRU 4.7.5 R a firm may, if its IRB permission permits it to do so, attribute the risk weighted exposure amounts for equity exposures to ancillary services undertakings according to the treatment of non credit-obligation assets.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 1 point 18]
BIPRU 4.7.9RRP
The risk weighted exposure amounts must be calculated according to the following formula:risk-weighted exposure amounts = RW * exposure value;where:(1) risk weight (RW) = 190% for private equity exposures in sufficiently diversified portfolios;(2) risk weight (RW) = 290% for exchange traded equity exposures; and(3) risk weight (RW) = 370% for all other equity exposures.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 1 point 19]
BIPRU 4.7.10RRP
Short cash positions and derivative instruments held in the non-trading book are permitted to offset long positions in the same individual stocks provided that these instruments have been explicitly designated as hedges of specific equity exposures and that they provide a hedge for at least another year. Other short positions must be treated as if they are long positions with the relevant risk weight assigned to the absolute value of each position. In the context of maturity mismatched
BIPRU 4.7.14RRP
The risk weighted exposure amounts must be calculated according to the formulas in BIPRU 4.4.58 R (Risk weighted exposure amounts for sovereigns, institutions and corporates). If a firm does not have sufficient information to use the definition of default a scaling factor of 1.5 must be assigned to the risk weights.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 1 point 22]
BIPRU 4.7.15RRP
At the individual exposure level the sum of the expected loss amount multiplied by 12.5 and the risk weighted exposure amount must not exceed the exposure value multiplied by 12.5.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 1 point 23]
BIPRU 4.7.24RRP
The risk weighted exposure amount is the potential loss on the firm'sequity exposures as derived using internal value-at-risk models subject to the 99th percentile, one-tailed confidence interval of the difference between quarterly returns and an appropriate risk-free rate computed over a long-term sample period, multiplied by 12.5. The risk weighted exposure amounts at the equity exposure portfolio2 level must not be less than the total of the sums2 of the minimum risk weighted
BIPRU 5.8.1RRP
For the purposes of calculating risk weighted exposure amounts, a maturity mismatch occurs when the residual maturity of the credit protection is less than that of the protected exposure. Protection of less than three months residual maturity, the maturity of which is less than the maturity of the underlying exposure, must not be recognised.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 4 point 1]
BIPRU 5.8.2RRP
Where there is a maturity mismatch the credit protection must not be recognised where the original maturity of the protection is less than 1 year.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 4 point 2 (part)]
BIPRU 5.8.3RRP
Subject to a maximum of 5 years, the effective maturity of the underlying is the longest possible remaining time before the obligor is scheduled to fulfil its obligations. Subject to BIPRU 5.8.4 R, the maturity of the credit protection is the time to the earliest date at which the protection may terminate or be terminated.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 4 point 3]
BIPRU 5.8.4RRP
Where there is an option to terminate the protection which is at the discretion of the protection seller, the maturity of the protection must be taken to be the time to the earliest date at which that option may be exercised. Where there is an option to terminate the protection which is at the discretion of the protection buyer and the terms of the arrangement at origination of the protection contain a positive incentive for the firm to call the transaction before contractual
BIPRU 5.8.11RRP
(1) The maturity of the credit protection and that of the exposure must be reflected in the adjusted value of the credit protection according to the following formula:GA = G* x (t-t*)/(T-t*)where:(a) G* is the amount of the protection adjusted for any currency mismatch;(b) GA is G* adjusted for any maturity mismatch;(c) t is the number of years remaining to the maturity date of the credit protection calculated in accordance with BIPRU 5.8.3 R to BIPRU 5.8.5 R, or the value of
BIPRU 3.2.20RRP
(1) To calculate risk weighted exposure amounts, risk weights must be applied to all exposures, unless deducted from capital resources, in accordance with the provisions of BIPRU 3.4.(2) The application of risk weights must be based on the standardised credit risk exposure class to which the exposure is assigned and, to the extent specified in BIPRU 3.4, its credit quality.(3) Credit quality may be determined by reference to:(a) the credit assessments of eligible ECAIs in accordance
BIPRU 3.2.21RRP
For the purposes of applying a risk weight, as referred to in BIPRU 3.2.20 R, the exposure value must be multiplied by the risk weight specified or determined in accordance with the standardised approach.[Note: BCD Article 80(2)]
BIPRU 3.2.22RRP
Notwithstanding BIPRU 3.2.20 R, where an exposure is subject to credit protection the risk weight applicable to that item may be modified in accordance with BIPRU 5.[Note: BCD Article 80(4)]
BIPRU 3.2.23RRP
Risk weighted exposure amounts for securitisedexposures must be calculated in accordance with BIPRU 9.[Note: BCD Article 80(5)]
BIPRU 3.2.24RRP
Exposures the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts for which is not otherwise provided for under the standardised approach must be assigned a risk weight of 100%.[Note: BCD Article 80(6)]
BIPRU 3.2.25RRP
(1) Subject to BIPRU 3.2.35 R, and with the exception of exposures giving rise to liabilities in the form of the items referred to in BIPRU 3.2.26 R, a firm is not required to comply with BIPRU 3.2.20 R (Calculation of risk weighted exposures amounts under the standardised approach) in the case of the exposures of the firm to a counterparty which is its parent undertaking, its subsidiary undertaking or a subsidiary undertaking of its parent undertaking provided that the following
BIPRU 5.7.1RRP
The following parties may be recognised as eligible providers of unfunded credit protection:(1) central governments and central banks;(2) regional governments or local authorities;(3) multilateral development banks;(4) international organisationsexposures which are assigned a 0% risk weight under the standardised approach;(5) public sector entities, claims on which are treated as claims on institutions or central governments under the standardised approach;(6) institutions;(7)
BIPRU 5.7.4RRP
When a firm conducts an internal hedge using a credit derivative - i.e. hedges the credit risk of an exposure in the non-trading book with a credit derivative booked in the trading book - in order for the protection to be recognised as eligible for the purposes of BIPRU 4.10 or BIPRU 5 the credit risk transferred to the trading book must be transferred out to a third party or parties. In such circumstances, subject to the compliance of such transfer with the requirements for the
BIPRU 5.7.9RRP
Where an exposure is protected by a guarantee which is counter-guaranteed by a central government or central bank, a regional government or local authority or a public sector entity claims on which are treated as claims on the central government in whose jurisdiction they are established under the standardised approach, a multilateral development bank or an international organisation,1to which a 0% risk weight is assigned under or by virtue of the standardised approach, or a public
BIPRU 5.7.24RRP
Where the protected amount is less than the exposure value and the protected and unprotected portions are of equal seniority - i.e.1 the firm and the protection provider share losses on a pro-rata basis, proportional regulatory capital relief is afforded. For the purposes of BIPRU 3.2.20 R to BIPRU 3.2.26 Rrisk weighted exposure amounts must be calculated in accordance with the following formula:(E-GA) x r + GA x gwhere:1(1) E is the exposure value; according to BIPRU 3.2.1 R
BIPRU 5.7.27RRP
Where a firm obtains credit protection for a number of exposures under terms that the first default among the exposures will trigger payment and that this credit event will terminate the contract, the firm may modify the calculation of the risk weighted exposure amount and, as relevant, the expected loss amount of the exposure which would in the absence of the credit protection produce the lowest risk weighted exposure amount under the standardised approach or the IRB approach
BIPRU 5.7.28RRP
Where the nth default among the exposures triggers payment under the credit protection provided by a credit derivative, a firm purchasing the protection may only recognise the protection for the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts and, as relevant, expected loss amounts if protection has also been obtained for defaults 1 to n-1 or when n-1 defaults have already occurred. In such cases the methodology must follow that set out in BIPRU 5.7.27 R for first-to-default derivatives
BIPRU 4.10.3RRP
A firm using the IRB approach, but not using its own estimates of LGD and conversion factors, may recognise credit risk mitigation in accordance with BIPRU 5 as modified by BIPRU 4.10 in the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts for the purposes of the calculation of the credit risk capital component or as relevant expected loss amounts for the purposes of the calculation in GENPRU 2.2.191 R to GENPRU 2.2.193 R or GENPRU 2.2.236 R.[Note: BCD Article 91 (as it applies to
BIPRU 4.10.15RRP
(1) For the recognition of receivables as collateral the requirements in this paragraph must be met.(2) The legal mechanism by which the collateral is provided must be robust and effective and ensure that the lender has clear rights over the proceeds.(3) A firm must take all steps necessary to fulfil local requirements in respect of the enforceability of security interests. There must be a framework which allows the lender to have a first priority claim over the collateral subject
BIPRU 4.10.30RRP
(1) Where:(a) risk weighted exposure amounts and expected loss amounts are calculated under the IRB approach; and(b) an exposure is collateralised by both financial collateral and other eligible collateral;LGD* to be taken as the LGD for the purposes of the IRB approach must be calculated in accordance with this rule.(2) A firm must subdivide the volatility-adjusted value of the exposure (i.e. the value after the application of the volatility adjustment as set out in BIPRU 5.4.28
BIPRU 4.10.37RRP
(1) In the case of a firm using the IRB approach to calculate risk weighted exposure amounts and expected loss amounts, the persons in (2) are added to the list in BIPRU 5.4.64 R (Definition of core market participant).(2) The persons referred to in (1) are other financial companies (including insurance companies) exposures to which do not have a credit assessment by an eligible ECAI and are internally rated as having a probability of default equivalent to that associated with
BIPRU 4.10.42RRP
A firm must have clearly specified criteria for the types of guarantors it recognises for the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts.[Note: Annex VII Part 4 point 98]
BIPRU 4.10.45RRP
A firm must have clearly specified criteria for adjusting grades, pools or LGD estimates, and in the case of retail exposures and eligible purchased receivables, the process of allocating exposures to grades or pools, to reflect the impact of guarantees for the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts. These criteria must comply with the minimum requirements referred to in BIPRU 4.10.43 R.[Note: BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 101]
BIPRU 4.10.51RRP
GA as calculated under BIPRU 5.8.11 R is then taken as the value of the protection for the purposes of calculating the effects of unfunded credit protection under the IRB approach.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 4 point 8 (part)]
BIPRU 4.3.4RRP
The risk weighted exposure amounts for credit risk for exposures belonging to one of the exposure classes referred to in (1) to (4) must, unless deducted from capital resources, be calculated in accordance with the following provisions:(1) for exposures in the sovereign, institution and corporate IRB exposure class, BIPRU 4.4.57 R to BIPRU 4.4.60 R, BIPRU 4.4.79 R, BIPRU 4.5.8 R to BIPRU 4.5.10 R (for specialised lending exposures), BIPRU 4.9.3 R and BIPRU 4.8.16 R to BIPRU 4.8.17
BIPRU 4.3.5RRP
The calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts for credit risk and dilution risk must be based on the relevant parameters associated with the exposure in question. These include probability of default (PD), loss given default (LGD), maturity (M) and the exposure value of the exposure. PD and LGD may be considered separately or jointly, in accordance with the provisions relating to PD and LGD in BIPRU 4.4, BIPRU 4.6, BIPRU 4.7 and BIPRU 4.8 at:(1) for exposures in the sovereign,
BIPRU 4.3.13RRP
Senior management must have a good understanding of the rating system's designs and operations. Senior management must ensure on an ongoing basis that the rating systems are operating properly. Senior management must be regularly informed by the credit risk control units about the performance of the rating process, areas needing improvement, and the status of efforts to improve previously identified deficiencies.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 126]
BIPRU 4.3.14RRP
Internal ratings-based analysis of the firm's credit risk profile must be an essential part of the management reporting required under BIPRU 4.3.9 R, BIPRU 4.3.11 R and BIPRU 4.3.13 R. Reporting must include at least risk profile by grade, migration across grades, estimation of the relevant parameters per grade, and comparison of realised default rates and, to the extent that own estimates are used, of realised LGDs and realised conversion factors against expectations and stress-test
BIPRU 4.3.15RRP
The credit risk control unit must be independent from the personnel and management functions responsible for originating or renewing exposures and report directly to senior management. The unit must be responsible for the design or selection, implementation, oversight and performance of the rating systems. It must regularly produce and analyse reports on the output of the rating systems.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 128]
BIPRU 4.3.16RRP
The areas of responsibility for the credit risk control unit(s) must include the following:(1) testing and monitoring grades and pools;(2) production and analysis of summary reports from the firm'srating systems;(3) implementing procedures to verify that grade and pool definitions are consistently applied across departments and geographic areas;(4) reviewing and documenting any changes to the rating process, including the reasons for the changes;(5) reviewing the rating criteria
BIPRU 4.3.25RRP
A rating system comprises all of the methods, processes, controls, data collection and IT systems that support the assessment of credit risk, the assignment of exposures to grades or pools (rating), and the quantification of default and loss estimates for a certain type of exposure.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 1]
BIPRU 4.3.40RRP
(1) A firm must regularly perform a credit risk stress test to assess the effect of certain specific conditions on its total capital requirements for credit risk. The test to be employed must be one chosen by the firm. The test to be employed must be meaningful and reasonably conservative. Stressed portfolios must contain the vast majority of a firm's total exposures covered by the IRB approach.(2) The stress test must be designed to assess the firm's ability to meet its capital
BIPRU 4.3.42GRP
The requirement in BIPRU 4.3.40 R (2) is to identify, in a forward-looking manner, severe but plausible downturn conditions relevant to business lines and jurisdictions and to determine the likely impact of those conditions on a firm's credit risk regulatory capital requirements. The description of the economic recession contained in BIPRU 4.3.40 R (2) should not be taken as stipulating one approach (e.g. statistical) over other approaches (e.g. scenario analysis) in the identification
BIPRU 1.2.6RRP
Term trading-related repo-style transactions that a firm accounts for in its non-trading book may be included in the trading book for capital requirement purposes so long as all such repo-style transactions are included. For this purpose, trading-related repo-style transactions are defined as those that meet the requirements of BIPRU 1.2.4 R, BIPRU 1.2.10 R and BIPRU 1.2.12 R, and both legs are in the form of either cash or securities includable in the trading book. Regardless
BIPRU 1.2.6AGRP
2Capital requirements for term trading-related repo-style transactions are the same whether the risks arise in the trading book as counterparty credit risk or in the non-trading book as credit risk.
BIPRU 1.2.16RRP
By way of derogation from 1BIPRU 1.2.14 R to BIPRU 1.2.15 R, when a firm hedges a non-trading book credit risk exposure using a credit derivative booked in its trading book (using an internal hedge), the non-trading book exposure is not deemed to be hedged for the purposes of calculating capital requirements unless the firm purchases from an eligible third party protection provider a credit derivative meeting the requirements set out in BIPRU 5.7.13 R (Additional requirements
BIPRU 1.2.17RRP
(1) Subject to (3), a firm may calculate its capital requirements for its trading book business in accordance with the standardised approach to credit risk (or, if it has an IRB permission, the IRB approach) as it applies to the non-trading book where the size of the trading book business meets the following requirements:(a) the trading book business of the firm does not normally exceed 5% of its total business;(b) its total trading bookposition do not normally exceed €15 million;
BIPRU 1.2.35GRP
All positions that are in a firm'strading book require capital to cover position risk and may require capital to cover counterparty credit risk. Counterparty credit risk in the trading book is dealt with by BIPRU 14.33
BIPRU 9.9.1RRP
To calculate the risk weighted exposure amount of a securitisation position, the relevant risk weight must be assigned to the exposure value of the position in accordance with BIPRU 9.9 - BIPRU 9.14 based on the credit quality of the position.[Note:BCD Article 96(1) (part) and Annex IX1, Part 4 point 1]
BIPRU 9.9.7RRP
Where a securitisation position is subject to funded or unfunded credit protection the risk weight to be applied to that position may be modified in accordance with BIPRU 5 (Credit risk mitigation) and, if applicable, BIPRU 4.10 (Credit risk mitigation under the IRB approach) read in conjunction with BIPRU 9.14.[Note:BCD Article 96(3)]
BIPRU 9.9.8RRP
(1) Where a firm has two or more overlapping positions in a securitisation the firm must, to the extent that the positions overlap, include in its calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts only the position, or portion of a position, producing the higher risk weighted exposure amounts. The firm may also recognise such an overlap between capital charges for specific risk in relation to positions in the trading book and capital charges for positions in the non-trading book,
BIPRU 9.9.9RRP
Subject to the provisions of GENPRU that deal with the deduction of securitisation positions at stage M in the relevant capital resources table, the risk weighted exposure amount must be included in the firm's total of risk weighted exposure amounts for the purposes of the calculation of its credit risk capital requirement.[Note:BCD Article 96(4)]