Related provisions for BIPRU 7.4.25
1 - 7 of 7 items.
A firm must calculate its commodity PRR by:(1) identifying which commodityposition must be included within the scope of the PRR calculation (see BIPRU 7.4.2R);(2) expressing each such position in terms of the standard unit of measurement of the commodity concerned;(3) expressing the spot price in each commodity in the firm'sbase currency at current spot foreign exchange rates;(4) calculating an individual PRR for each commodity (see BIPRU 7.4.20R); and(5) summing the resulting
A firm'scommodity PRR calculation must, regardless of whether the positions concerned are trading book or non-trading bookpositions:(1) include physical commoditypositions;(2) (if the firm is the transferor of commodities or guaranteed rights relating to title to commodities in a repurchase agreement or the lender of commodities in a commodities lending agreement) include such commodities;(3) include notional positions arising from positions in the instruments listed in the table
Table: Instruments which result in notional positionsThis table belongs to BIPRU 7.4.2R(3)InstrumentSeeForwards, futures, CFDs, synthetic futures and options on a single commodity (unless the firm calculates a PRR on the option under BIPRU 7.6 (Option PRR))BIPRU 7.4.8RA commitment to buy or sell a single commodity at an average of spot prices prevailing over some future periodBIPRU 7.4.10RForwards, futures, CFDs, synthetic futures and options on a commodity index (unless the firm
BIPRU 7.4.8R - BIPRU 7.4.19G convert the instruments listed in the table in BIPRU 7.4.4R into notional positions in the relevant commodities. These notional positions are expressed in terms of quantity (tonnes, barrels, etc), not value. The maturity of the position is only relevant where the firm is using the commodity maturity ladder approach or the commodity extended maturity ladder approach.
A firm which calculates a commodity PRR using the commodity simplified approach must do so by summing:(1) 15% of the net position multiplied by the spot price for the commodity; and(2) 3% of the gross position (long plus short, ignoring the sign) multiplied by the spot price for the commodity;(and for these purposes the excess of a firm's long (short) positions over its short (long) positions in the same commodity (including notional positions under BIPRU 7.4.4R) is its net position
BIPRU 7.4.30G is an example illustrating the calculation of the commodity PRR on an individual commodity using the commodity maturity ladder approach (BIPRU 7.4.26R). After the firm has carried out the pre-processing required by BIPRU 7.4.26R(2) (that is, step 1), it follows steps 2 to 5 as shown below. Because the firm is using the commodity maturity ladder approach the spread rate is 3%, the carry rate is 0.6% and the outright rate is 15%. The example assumes that the spot price
A firm may use the commodity extended maturity ladder approach to calculate the commodity PRR for a particular commodity provided the firm:(1) has a diversified commodities portfolio;(2) undertakes significant commodities business;(3) is not yet in a position to use the VaR model approach to calculate commodity PRR; and(4) at least twenty business days before the date the firm uses that approach notifies the appropriate regulator in writing of:(a) its intention to use the commodity
A firm using the commodity extended maturity ladder approach must calculate its commodity PRR by:(1) following the same steps as in BIPRU 7.4.26R but using the rates from the table in BIPRU 7.4.33R rather than those in BIPRU 7.4.26R; and(2) summing all spread charges, carry charges and outright charge that result.
Where a firm is:(1) treating a commodity index derivative as if it was based on a single separate commodity (see BIPRU 7.4.13R(1)(a)); and(2) using the commodity extended maturity ladder approach to calculate the commodity PRR for that commodity;it must determine which index constituent incurs the highest rate in the table in BIPRU 7.4.33R and apply that rate to the notional position for the purposes of BIPRU 7.4.32R.
In particular, where BIPRU 7.4.38R applies and the short position constitutes a material position compared to a firm's total commoditypositions, it should consider a further commodity PRR charge in respect of that position depending on the likelihood of a shortage of liquidity in that market.
Except as permitted under BIPRU 7.6.5R, a firm'soption PRR calculation must include:(1) each trading bookposition in an option on an equity, interest rate or debt security;(2) each trading bookposition in a warrant on an equity or debt security;(3) each trading bookposition in a CIU; and(4) each trading book and non-trading bookposition in an option on a commodity, currency or gold.
Table: Appropriate PRR calculation for an option or warrantThis table belongs to BIPRU 7.6.3ROption type (see BIPRU 7.6.18R) or warrantPRR calculationAmerican option, European option, Bermudan option, Asian option or warrant for which the in the money percentage (see BIPRU 7.6.6R) is equal to or greater than the appropriate position risk adjustment (see BIPRU 7.6.7R and BIPRU 7.6.8R)Calculate either an option PRR, or the most appropriate to the underlying position of: an equity
(1) The appropriate position risk adjustment for a position is that listed in the table in BIPRU 7.6.8R against the relevant underlying position.(2) If the firm uses the commodity extended maturity ladder approach or the commodity maturity ladder approach for a particular commodity under BIPRU 7.4 (Commodity PRR) the appropriate position risk adjustment for an option on that commodity is the outright rate applicable to the underlying position (see BIPRU 7.4.26R (Calculating the
(1) A firm may not use the option hedging method for:(a) an interest rate option and its hedge; or(b) a commodity option and its hedge; or(c) a CIUoption and its hedge.(2) A firm may only use the option hedging method if the item underlying the option or warrant is the same as the hedge of the option or warrant under the PRR identical product netting rules.
Table: Types of CAD 1 modelThis table belongs to BIPRU 7.9.6GOptions risk aggregation modelsInterest rate pre-processing modelsBrief description and eligible instrumentsAnalyse and aggregate options risks for: interest rate options;equityoptions;foreign currencyoptions;commodity options; andCIUoptions.May be used to calculate duration weighted positions for: interest rate futures;forward rate agreements (FRAs);forward commitments to buy or sell debt securities;options, swaps or
Table: underlying price/rate shiftsThis table belongs to BIPRU 7.9.33GUnderlying asset classShiftEquities±8%Foreign currency±8%Commodities±15%, (but a firm may use the percentages applicable under the commodity extended maturity ladder approach if it would qualify under BIPRU 7.4 (Commodity PRR) to use that approach).Interest rates±100bp (but a firm may use the sliding scale of shifts by maturity as applicable to the interest rate duration method).CIU±32%, (but a firm may use
The values that have been obtained for the delta-equivalent positions of instruments included in the scenario matrix should then be treated in the same way as positions in the underlying. Where the delta obtained relates to interest rate position risk, the delta equivalent positions may be fed into the firm's interest rate pre-processing model to the extent that the positions fall within the scope of interest rate pre-processing models as set out in BIPRU 7.9.7G and provided that
A firm must calculate a PRR in respect of:(1) all its trading bookpositions;(2) all positions falling within BIPRU 7.5.3 R (Scope of the foreign exchange PRR calculation), whether or not in the trading book; and(3) all positions in commodities (including physical commodities) whether or not in the trading book;even if no treatment is provided for that position in the other sections of this chapter.
A firm may calculate the PRR for a position falling into BIPRU 7.1.9R by applying by analogy the rules relating to the calculation of the interest rate PRR, the equity PRR, the commodity PRR, the foreign currency PRR2, the option PRR or the collective investment undertaking PRR if doing so is appropriate and if the position and PRR item are sufficiently similar to those that are covered by those rules.