Related provisions for BIPRU 5.4.29

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BIPRU 4.10.6RRP
(1) Residential real estate property which is or will be occupied or let by the owner or the beneficial owner in the case of personal investment companies and commercial real estate property, that is offices and other commercial premises, may be recognised as eligible collateral where the conditions set out in the remaining provisions of this paragraph are met.(2) The value of the property must not materially depend upon the credit quality of the obligor. This requirement does
BIPRU 4.10.12RRP
A firm may also recognise as eligible collateral shares in Finnish housing companies operating in accordance with the Finnish Housing Company Act of 1991 or subsequent equivalent legislation as commercial real estate collateral, provided that the conditions in BIPRU 4.10.6 R are met.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 1 point 15]
BIPRU 4.10.13RRP
For the recognition of real estate collateral: the minimum requirements in BIPRU 3.4.64 R - BIPRU 3.4.73 R must be met with the following adjustments:(1) those provisions apply to all real estate collateral eligible under BIPRU 4.10; and(2) the minimum frequency of valuation as referred to in BIPRU 3.4.66 R is once every year for commercial real estate.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 2 point 8 (as it applies to the IRB approach)]
BIPRU 4.10.14RRP
Amounts receivable linked to a commercial transaction or transactions with an original maturity of less than or equal to one year may be recognised as eligible collateral. Eligible receivables do not include those associated with securitisations, sub-participations or credit derivatives or amounts owed by affiliated parties.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 1 point 20]
BIPRU 4.10.15RRP
(1) For the recognition of receivables as collateral the requirements in this paragraph must be met.(2) The legal mechanism by which the collateral is provided must be robust and effective and ensure that the lender has clear rights over the proceeds.(3) A firm must take all steps necessary to fulfil local requirements in respect of the enforceability of security interests. There must be a framework which allows the lender to have a first priority claim over the collateral subject
BIPRU 4.10.16RRP
A firm may recognise as eligible collateral a physical item of a type other than those types indicated in BIPRU 4.10.6 R - BIPRU 4.10.12 R (Eligibility of real estate collateral) if its IRB permission provides that the firm may treat collateral of that type as eligible and if the firm is able to demonstrate the following:(1) the existence of liquid markets for disposal of the collateral in an expeditious and economically efficient manner;(2) the existence of well-established,
BIPRU 4.10.17GRP
If a firm wishes to recognise other types of collateral in accordance with BIPRU 4.10.16 R (whether as part of its application for an IRB permission or under a variation of its IRB permission) it should demonstrate to the FSA how the criteria in BIPRU 4.10.16 R (1) - BIPRU 4.10.16 R (3) have been met with respect to that type of collateral.
BIPRU 4.10.18RRP
(1) If a type of other physical collateral referred to in BIPRU 4.10.16 R is potentially eligible under a firm'sIRB permission a firm must only recognise it as eligible if the minimum requirements in (2) to (10) are met.(2) The collateral arrangement must be legally effective and enforceable in all relevant jurisdictions and must enable the firm to realise the value of the property within a reasonable timeframe.(3) With the sole exception of permissible prior claims referred to
BIPRU 4.10.19RRP
(1) Where the requirements set out in this paragraph are met, exposures arising from transactions whereby a firm leases property to a third party must be treated the same as loans collateralised by the type of property leased.(2) For the exposures arising from leasing transactions to be treated as collateralised by the type of property leased, the following conditions must be met:(a) the conditions set out or referred to in BIPRU 4.10.13 R or BIPRU 4.10.18 R as appropriate for
BIPRU 4.10.22RRP
Physical collateral recognised as eligible as described in BIPRU 4.10.16 R must be valued for the purpose of calculating the effect of credit risk mitigation at its market value. Market value is the estimated amount for which the property would exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm's-length transaction.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 67]
BIPRU 4.10.23RRP
BIPRU 4.10.24 R - BIPRU 4.10.29 R apply to collateral in the form of real estate collateral, receivables, other physical collateral and leasing permitted by BIPRU 4.10 and exposures secured by such collateral.
BIPRU 4.10.25RRP
Where the ratio of the value of the collateral (C) to the exposure value (E) is below a threshold level of C* (the required minimum collateralisation level for the exposure) as laid down in BIPRU 4.10.28 R, LGD* must be the LGD laid down in the other sections of BIPRU 4 for uncollateralised exposures to the counterparty.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 69]
BIPRU 4.10.26RRP
Where the ratio of the value of the collateral to the exposure value exceeds a second, higher threshold level of C** (i.e. the required level of collateralisation to receive full LGD recognition) as laid down in BIPRU 4.10.28 R, LGD* must be that prescribed in that table.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 70]
BIPRU 4.10.28RRP
Table: Minimum LGD for secured portion of exposuresThis table belongs to BIPRU 4.10.24 R - BIPRU 4.10.27 RLGD* for senior claims or contingent claimsLGD* for subordinated claims or contingent claimsRequired minimum collateralisation level of the exposure (C*)Required minimum collateralisation level of the exposure (C**)Receivables35%65%0%125%Residential real estate/commercial real estate35%65%30%140%Other collateral40%70%30%140%[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 72 (part)]
BIPRU 4.10.30RRP
(1) Where:(a) risk weighted exposure amounts and expected loss amounts are calculated under the IRB approach; and(b) an exposure is collateralised by both financial collateral and other eligible collateral;LGD* to be taken as the LGD for the purposes of the IRB approach must be calculated in accordance with this rule.(2) A firm must subdivide the volatility-adjusted value of the exposure (i.e. the value after the application of the volatility adjustment as set out in BIPRU 5.4.28
BIPRU 4.10.31RRP
The financial collateral simple method must not be used under the IRB approach.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 24 (part)]
BIPRU 4.10.36RRP
(1) This rule sets out the calculation of risk weighted exposure amounts2 and expected loss2 amounts under the financial collateral comprehensive method2 for a firm using the IRB approach.222(2) LGD* (the effective loss given default) calculated as set out in this paragraph must be taken as the LGD for the purposes of BIPRU 4.(3) LGD* = LGD x (E*/E) where:(a) LGD is the loss given default that would apply to the exposure under the IRB approach if the exposure was not collateralised;(b)
BIPRU 4.10.51RRP
GA as calculated under BIPRU 5.8.11 R is then taken as the value of the protection for the purposes of calculating the effects of unfunded credit protection under the IRB approach.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 4 point 8 (part)]
BIPRU 5.4.9RRP
For the recognition of financial collateral and gold, the following conditions must be met:(1) the low correlation conditions in BIPRU 5.4.10 R;(2) the legal certainty conditions in BIPRU 5.4.11 R; and(3) the operational requirements in BIPRU 5.4.12 R.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 2 point 6]
BIPRU 5.4.10RRP
The low correlation conditions referred to in BIPRU 5.4.9 R (1) are as follows:(1) (a) the credit quality of the obligor and the value of the collateral must not have a material positive correlation; and(b) securities issued by the obligor, or any related group entity are not eligible.(2) notwithstanding (1)(b), the obligor's own issues of covered bonds falling within the terms of BIPRU 3.4.107 R to BIPRU 3.4.109 R may be recognised as collateral for repurchase transactions, provided
BIPRU 5.4.11RRP
The legal certainty conditions referred to in BIPRU 5.4.9 R (2) are as follows:(1) a firm must fulfil any contractual and statutory requirements in respect of, and take all steps necessary to ensure, the enforceability of the collateral arrangements under the law applicable to its interest in the collateral;(2) in accordance with the general principle in BIPRU 5.2.2 R, a firm must have conducted sufficient legal review confirming the enforceability of the collateral arrangements
BIPRU 5.4.12RRP
The operational requirements referred to in BIPRU 5.4.9 R (3) are as follows:(1) the collateral arrangements must be properly documented, with a clear and robust procedure for the timely liquidation of collateral;(2) a firm must employ robust procedures and processes to control risks arising from the use of collateral - including risks of failed or reduced credit protection, valuation risks, risks associated with the termination of the credit protection, concentration risk arising
BIPRU 5.4.13RRP
In addition to the requirements set out in BIPRU 5.4.9 R, for the recognition of financial collateral under the financial collateral simple method the residual maturity of the protection must be at least as long as the residual maturity of the exposure.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 2 point 7]
BIPRU 5.4.14RRP
BIPRU 5.4.17 R - BIPRU 5.4.22 R set out the calculation of the effects of credit risk mitigation under the financial collateral simple method.
BIPRU 5.4.15RRP
The financial collateral simple method is available only where risk weighted exposure amounts are calculated under the standardised approach to credit risk.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 24 (part)]
BIPRU 5.4.16RRP
A firm must not use both the financial collateral simple method and the financial collateral comprehensive method.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 24 (part)]
BIPRU 5.4.17RRP
Under the financial collateral simple method, recognised financial collateral is assigned a value equal to its market value as determined in accordance with BIPRU 5.4.12 R.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 25]
BIPRU 5.4.18RRP
The risk weight that would be assigned under the standardised approach to credit risk if the lending firm had a direct exposure to the collateral instrument must be assigned to those portions of claims collateralised by the market value of recognised collateral. The risk weight of the collateralised portion must be a minimum of 20% except as specified in BIPRU 5.4.19 R to BIPRU 5.4.21 R. The remainder of the exposure receives the risk weight that would be applied to an unsecured
BIPRU 5.4.19RRP
A risk weight of 0% must be assigned to the collateralised portion of the exposure arising from transactions which fulfil the criteria enumerated in BIPRU 5.4.62 R or BIPRU 5.4.65 R. If the counterparty to the transaction is not a core market participant a risk weight of 10% must be assigned.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 27]
BIPRU 5.4.23RRP
BIPRU 5.4.24 R - BIPRU 5.4.66 R set out the calculation of the effects of credit risk mitigation under the financial collateral comprehensive method.
BIPRU 5.4.24RRP
In valuing financial collateral for the purposes of the financial collateral comprehensive method, volatility adjustments must be applied to the market value of collateral, as set out in BIPRU 5.4.30 R to BIPRU 5.4.65 R, in order to take account of price volatility.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 30]
BIPRU 5.4.27RRP
In the case of a firm using the financial collateral comprehensive method, where an exposure takes the form of securities or commodities sold, posted or lent under a repurchase transaction or under a securities or commodities lending or borrowing transaction, and margin lending transactions the exposure value must be increased by the volatility adjustment appropriate to such securities or commodities as prescribed in BIPRU 5.4.30 R to BIPRU 5.4.65 R.[Note: BCD Article 78(1), third
BIPRU 5.4.28RRP
(1) The volatility-adjusted value of the collateral to be taken into account is calculated as follows in the case of all transactions except those transactions subject to recognised master netting agreements to which the provisions set out in BIPRU 5.6.5 R to BIPRU 5.6.29 R are to be applied:CVA = C x (1-HC-HFX)(2) The volatility-adjusted value of the exposure to be taken into account is calculated as follows:EVA = E x (1+HE), and in the case of financial derivative instruments
BIPRU 5.4.32RRP
Where the collateral consists of a number of recognised items, the volatility adjustment must be(H = ∑i αi Hi)where:(1) ai is the proportion of an item to the collateral as a whole; and(2) Hi is the volatility adjustment applicable to that item.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 35 (part)]
BIPRU 5.4.34RRP
The volatility adjustments to be applied under the supervisory volatility adjustments approach (assuming daily revaluation) are those set out in the tables in BIPRU 5.4.35 R - BIPRU 5.4.38 R.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 36]
BIPRU 5.4.45RRP
A firm complying with the requirements set out in BIPRU 5.4.50 R to BIPRU 5.4.60 R may use the own estimates of volatility adjustments approach for calculating the volatility adjustments to be applied to collateral and exposures.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 42]
BIPRU 5.4.53RRP
A firm must take into account the illiquidity of lower-quality assets. The liquidation period must be adjusted upwards in cases where there is doubt concerning the liquidity of the collateral. A firm must also identify where historical data may understate potential volatility, e.g. a pegged currency. Such cases must be dealt with by means of a stress scenario.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 50]
COLL 5.4.2GRP
(1) This section covers techniques relating to transferable securities and approved money-market instruments which are used for the purpose of efficient portfolio management. It3 permits the generation of additional income for the benefit of the authorised fund, and hence for its investors, by entry into stock lending transactions for the account of the authorised fund.(2) The specific method of stock lending permitted in this section is in fact not a transaction which is a loan
COLL 5.4.4RRP
(1) An ICVC, or the depositary at the request of the ICVC, or the trustee at the request of the manager, may enter into a repo contract, or a1stock lending arrangement of the kind described in section 263B of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (without extension by section 263C), but only if:(a) all the terms of the agreement under which securities are to be reacquired by the depositary for the account of the ICVC or by the trustee, are in a form which is acceptable to
COLL 5.4.5GRP
Where a stock lending arrangement is entered into, the scheme property remains unchanged in terms of value. The securities transferred cease to be part of the scheme property, but there is obtained in return an obligation on the part of the counterparty to transfer back equivalent securities. The depositary will also receive collateral to set against the risk of default in transfer, and that collateral is equally irrelevant to the valuation of the scheme property (because it is
COLL 5.4.6RRP
(1) Collateral is adequate for the purposes of this section only if it is:(a) transferred to the depositary or its agent;(b) at least equal in value, at the time of the transfer to the depositary, to the value of the securities transferred by the depositary; and(c) in the form of one or more of:(i) cash; or(ii) [deleted]11(iii) a certificate of deposit; or(iv) a letter of credit; or(v) a readily realisable security; or11(vi) 1commercial paper with no embedded derivative content;
COLL 5.4.8GRP
(1) 2The use of stock lending or the reinvestment of cash collateral should not result in a change of the scheme's declared investment objectives or add substantial supplementary risks to the scheme's risk profile.(2) Collateral taking the form of cash may only be invested in:(a) one of the investments coming within COLL 5.4.6 R (1) (c) (iii) to (vii) (Treatment of collateral); or(b) deposits, provided they:(i) are capable of being withdrawn within five business days, or such
COLL 5.4.9GRP
3Where a scheme generates leverage through the reinvestment of collateral, this should be taken into account in the calculation of the scheme's global exposure.[Note:CESR's UCITS eligible assets guidelines with respect to article 11 of the UCITS eligible assets Directive (part)]
CASS 6.4.2GRP
Firms are reminded of the client's best interests rule, which requires the firm to act honestly, fairly and professionally in accordance with the best interests of their clients. An example of what is generally considered to be such conduct, in the context of stock lending activities involving retail clients is that:(1) the firm ensures that relevant collateral is provided by the borrower in favour of the client;(2) the current realisable value of the safe custody asset2 and
RCB 2.3.6GRP
The FSA will:(1) expect the issuer to demonstrate that it has in place appropriate systems, controls, procedures and policies, including in relation to risk management, underwriting, arrears and valuation; (2) expect the issuer to demonstrate that the cash-flows generated by the assets would be sufficient to meet the payments due in a timely manner including under conditions of economic stress and in the event of the failure of the issuer;(3) take account of any over collateralisation
RCB 2.3.9GRP
Concentration risk is the risk of loss from exposures being limited in number or variety. The relevant factors the FSA may consider include:(1) the level of granularity of the asset pool (i.e. what is the number and size distribution of assets in the pool); (2) whether the borrowers or collateral is unduly concentrated in a particular industry, sector, or geographical region.
RCB 2.3.13GRP
In assessing whether the asset pool is of sufficient quality, the FSA will have regard to the requirements about legal certaintyreferred to in BIPRU 3.4.64 R, the requirements about monitoring of property values in BIPRU 3.4.66 R and the valuation rules in BIPRU 3.4.77 R to BIPRU 3.4.80 R.
RCB 2.3.18GRP
(1) The FSA expects the report from the accountants to address at least the following matters:(a) that the level of over collateralisation meets the limits set out in the covered bond arrangements which are designed to ensure compliance with the requirement that the asset pool is capable of covering claims attaching to the bond in Regulation 17 (requirements on issuer in relation to the asset pool) of the RCB Regulations; and(b) that appropriate due diligence procedures have been
BIPRU 13.5.8RRP
For the determination of risk positions, a firm must treat collateral received from a counterparty like a claim on the counterparty under a derivative contract (long position) that is due today, while collateral posted must be treated as an obligation to the counterparty (short position) that is due today.[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 10]
BIPRU 13.5.26RRP
Collateral received from a counterparty has a positive sign; collateral posted to a counterparty has a negative sign.[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1 (part)]
BIPRU 13.5.27RRP
A firm may only recognise collateral for this method if it is collateral that is eligible under BIPRU 5.4.8 R1 and BIPRU 14.2.12 G to BIPRU 14.2.13 R.[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1 (part)]
INSPRU 3.2.38ARRP
The conditions referred to in INSPRU 3.2.38R (1) are that the letter of credit is:(1) direct, explicit, unconditional and irrevocable; and(2) issued by an undertaking which is:(a) not a related undertaking of the counterparty; and(b) either an approved credit institution or a bank, or a branch of a bank, whether chartered by the federal government of the United States of America or a US state, that is supervised and examined by at least one of the following US federal banking
INSPRU 3.2.39GRP
For the purposes of assessing adequate quality in INSPRU 3.2.38R (3), reference should be made to the criteria for credit risk loss mitigation set out in INSPRU 2.1.16 R. The valuation rules in GENPRU 1.3 apply for the purpose of determining the value of both collateral received, and the securities transferred, by the firm. In addition, where collateral takes the form of assets transferred, under the rules in GENPRU any such asset that is not an admissible asset (see GENPRU 2
INSPRU 3.2.40RRP
For the purposes of INSPRU 3.2.36R (1)(c), collateral is sufficiently immediate only if:(1) it is transferred or, in the case of a letter of credit, issued before, or at the same time as, the transfer of the securities by the firm; or(2) it will be transferred or, in the case of a letter of credit, issued, at latest, by the close of business on the day of the transfer.
INSPRU 3.2.41RRP
Collateral continues to be adequate only if its value is at all times at least equal to the value of the securities transferred by the firm. This will be satisfied in respect of collateral where the validity of the collateral or the firm's interest in the collateral is about to expire or has expired if sufficient collateral will again be transferred or issued at the latest by the close of business on the day of expiry.
BIPRU 5.5.7RRP
Where the conditions set out in BIPRU 5.5.5 R are satisfied, credit protection falling within the terms of BIPRU 5.5.4 R may be treated as a guarantee by the party providing the life insurance. The value of the credit protection recognised must be the surrender value of the life insurance policy.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 80]
BIPRU 5.5.11RRP
Investments in credit linked notes issued by a lending firm may be treated as cash collateral.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 3]
BIPRU 3.5.7GRP
If an exposure is collateralised and if under BIPRU 5 the firm may recognise the collateral, the simplified approach may be used to determine the risk weight to be applied to the collateralised exposure. The key provisions are BIPRU 5.4.18 R to BIPRU 5.4.21 R.
BIPRU 3.5.8RRP
If a firm does not nominate one or more eligible ECAIs as referred to in BIPRU 3.6.4 R the firm must not use the financial collateral comprehensive method.
BIPRU 13.8.5GRP
A firm calculating risk weighted exposure amounts under the standardised approach to credit risk will not be eligible to use the approach in BIPRU 13.8.4 R (1) if it is using the financial collateral simple method to determine the effects of credit risk mitigation, as set out in BIPRU 5.4.16 R.
BIPRU 13.8.6GRP
If a firm calculates the exposure value of a securities financing transaction as its on-balance sheet value, in accordance with BIPRU 13.8.4 R (2), it may recognise the effects of financial collateral in the same way as for its other exposures, for example by using either the financial collateral simple method or the financial collateral comprehensive method. However firms should note that the financial collateral simple method is not available:(1) to a firm using the IRB approach
BIPRU 4.3.67GRP
(1) The realisation or forfeiture of collateral may be taken as an indication of unlikeliness to pay for the purposes of the definition of default.(2) However, the realisation or forfeiture of collateral may not indicate unlikeliness to pay:(a) in the case of an exposure in a market (such as one that involves retail exposures involving margin lending) in which it is established practice for collateral to be sold if its value falls below a certain percentage of the exposure and
BIPRU 4.3.118RRP
To the extent that LGD estimates take into account the existence of collateral, these estimates must not solely be based on the collateral's estimated market value. LGD estimates must take into account the effect of the potential inability of the firm expeditiously to gain control of its collateral and liquidate it.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 77]
BIPRU 4.3.120RRP
To the extent that LGD estimates take into account the existence of collateral, a firm must establish internal requirements for collateral management, legal certainty and risk management that are generally consistent with those set out in BIPRU 5 (Credit risk mitigation) as modified by BIPRU 4.10.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 78]
BIPRU 5.6.3RRP
In addition the minimum requirements for the recognition of financial collateral under the financial collateral comprehensive method set out in BIPRU 5.4.9 R must be fulfilled.[Note:BCD Annex VIII Part 2 point 5]
BIPRU 5.6.5RRP
In calculating the 'fully adjusted exposure value' (E*) for the exposures subject to an eligible master netting agreement covering repurchase transactions and/or securities or commodities lending or borrowing transactions and/or other capital market-driven transactions, a firm must calculate the volatility adjustments to be applied in the manner set out in BIPRU 5.6.6 R to BIPRU 5.6.11 R either using the supervisory volatility adjustments approach or the own estimates of volatility
COLL 5.2.6GRP
It should be noted that for the purpose of COLL 5.2.5 R, COLL 6.3 may be affected by specific provisions in this chapter such as, for example, COLL 5.4.6 R (Treatment of collateral).
BIPRU 13.6.62RRP
If the model includes the effect of collateral on changes in the market value of the netting set, a firm must have adequate historical data to model the volatility of the collateral.
BIPRU 13.6.66RRP
A firm that makes use of collateral to mitigate its CCR must have internal procedures to verify that, prior to recognising the effect of collateral in its calculations, the collateral meets the legal certainty standards set out in BIPRU 5 as modified, where relevant, by BIPRU 4.10.[Note: BCD Annex III Part 6 point 41]
BIPRU 3.4.74GRP
For the purposes of BIPRU 3.4.73 R a firm should, as a minimum, ensure that it is a requirement of each loan that the property taken as collateral must have adequate buildings insurance at all times, which should be reviewed when any new loan is extended against the property.
BIPRU 3.4.80RRP
The value of the collateral must be the market value or mortgage lending value reduced as appropriate to reflect the results of the monitoring required under 2BIPRU 3.4.60 R (4)(b)2 and BIPRU 3.4.66 R and to take account of any prior claims on the property.[Note: BCD Annex VIII Part 3 point 65]
BIPRU 14.2.14RRP
For the purposes of BIPRU 14.2.11 R, in calculating risk weighted exposure amounts a firm must not use the financial collateral simple method for the recognition of the effects of financial collateral.[Note: CAD Annex II point 8]
BIPRU 13.4.14GRP
For the purposes of calculating the replacement cost, where an exposure relates to collateral posted to cover a negative mark to market position on a derivative contract, the negative mark to market exposure may be offset against the collateral exposure if the requirements in BIPRU 5 are met.
COLL 8.3.4RRP
This table belongs to COLL 8.3.2 R.1Document statusA statement that this document is the prospectus of the authorised fund valid as at a particular date which shall be the date of the document.2Description of the authorised fundInformation detailing:(1)the name of the authorised fund;(2)that the authorised fund is either an ICVC or an AUT;(3)that the scheme is a qualified investor scheme;(4)where relevant, that the unitholders in an ICVC are not liable for the debts of the authorised
SUP App 3.9.5GRP
3Table 2: MiFIDinvestment services and activitiesPart II RAO InvestmentsPart III RAO InvestmentsA MiFIDinvestment services and activities1.Reception and transmission of orders in relation to one or more financial instrumentsArticle 252Article 76-81, 83-85, 892.Execution of orders on behalf of clientsArticle 14, 21A Article 76-81, 83-85, 893.Dealing on own accountArticle 14Article 76-81, 83-85, 894.Portfolio managementArticle 37 (14, 21, 25 - see Note 1) 2Article 76-81, 83-85,