Related provisions for MCOB 5.6.115
21 - 40 of 108 items.
A firm must ensure that the data series used by its VaR model is reliable. Where a reliable data series is not available, proxies or any other reasonable value-at-risk measurement technique must be used. A firm must be able to demonstrate that the technique is appropriate and does not materially understate the modelled risks.
3The firm's correlation assumptions must be supported by the analysis of objective data in a conceptually sound framework. The approach to capture the incremental risk charge must appropriately reflect issuer concentrations. Concentrations that can arise within and across product classes under stressed conditions must also be reflected.
At least once a year, a firm must conduct, as part of its regular internal audit process, a review of its risk management process. This review must include both the activities of the business trading units and of the independent risk control unit, and must be undertaken by suitably qualified staff independent of the areas being reviewed. This review must consider, at a minimum:(1) the adequacy of the documentation of the risk management system and process;(2) the organisation
(1) In addition to regulatory backtesting programs, testing for model validation should be carried out using additional tests which may include for example:(a) testing carried out using hypothetical changes in portfolio value that would occur were end of day positions to remain unchanged;(b) testing carried out for longer periods than required for the regular backtesting programme (for example, 3 years);(c) testing carried out using confidence intervals other than the 99 percent
Where a master UCITS and a feeder UCITS have different auditors, those auditors must enter into an information-sharing agreement in order to ensure the fulfilment of their respective duties, including the arrangements taken to comply with COLL 11.5.3 R and COLL 11.5.4 R (Preparation of the audit report).[Note: article 62(1) first paragraph of the UCITS Directive]
(1) The information-sharing agreement referred to in COLL 11.5.1 R must include:(a) identification of the documents and categories of information which are to be routinely shared between both auditors;(b) whether the information or documents referred to in (a) are to be provided by one auditor to the other or made available on request;(c) the manner and timing, including any applicable deadlines, of the transmission of information by the auditor of the master UCITS to the auditor
A company2 must ensure that any temporary document of title (other than one issued in global form) for a share4:24(1) is serially numbered;(2) states where applicable:(a) the name and address of the first holder and names of joint holders (if any);(b) the pro rata entitlement;(c) the last date on which transfers were or will be accepted for registration for participation in the issue;(d) how the shares4 rank for dividend or interest;4(e) the nature of the document of title and
A company2 must ensure that any definitive document of title for a share4 (other than a bearer security) includes the following matters on its face (or on the reverse in the case of (5) and (7)):24(1) the authority under which thecompany2 is constituted and the country of incorporation and registered number (if any);2(2) the number or amount of shares4 the certificate represents and, if applicable, the number and denomination of units (in the top right-hand corner);4(3) a footnote
A firm should consider the likelihood and impact of a disruption to the continuity of its operations from unexpected events. This should include assessing the disruptions to which it is particularly susceptible (and the likely timescale of those disruptions) including through:(1) loss or failure of internal and external resources (such as people, systems and other assets);(2) the loss or corruption of its information; and(3) external events (such as vandalism, war and "acts
A firm should document its strategy for maintaining continuity of its operations, and its plans for communicating and regularly testing the adequacy and effectiveness of this strategy. A firm should establish:(1) formal business continuity plans that outline arrangements to reduce the impact of a short, medium or long-term disruption, including:(a) resource requirements such as people, systems and other assets, and arrangements for obtaining these resources;(b) the recovery
If a firm ceases to be a participant firm or carry out activities within one or more sub-classes4 part way through a financial year4 of the compensation scheme:4(1) it will remain liable for any unpaid levies which the FSCS has already made on the firm; and41(2) the FSCS may make one or more levies4 upon it (which may be before or after the firmhas ceased to be a participant firm or carry out activities within one or more sub-classes,4 but must be before it ceases to be an authorised
4A request to the FSA to authorise the omission of specific information in a particular case must:(1) be made in writing by the listed company;(2) identify the specific information concerned and the specific reasons for the omission; and(3) state why in the listed company's opinion one or more grounds in LR 13.1.7 G apply.
In appropriate circumstances, it may be cost effective for the FSA to nominate or approve the appointment of a skilled person who has previously acted for, or advised, the person in SUP 5.2.1 G. For example, the FSA may nominate, or approve the appointment of, the auditor of a person in SUP 5.2.1 G to prepare a report taking into account, where relevant, the considerations set out in SUP 5.4.7 G.
(1) The guidance relevant to delegation within the firm is also relevant to external delegation ('outsourcing'). A firm cannot contract out its regulatory obligations. So, for example, under Principle 3 a firm should take reasonable care to supervise the discharge of outsourced functions by its contractor.(2) A firm should take steps to obtain sufficient information from its contractor to enable it to assess the impact of outsourcing on its systems and controls.
It is the responsibility of the firm to decide what information is required, when, and for whom, so that it can organise and control its activities and can comply with its regulatory obligations. The detail and extent of information required will depend on the nature, scale and complexity of the business.
The FSA may require further information from the applicant and may need to have discussions with the appropriate authorities in the applicant's home territory. To allow sufficient time for applications to be processed and for the necessary contacts to be made with the appropriate home territory authorities, applications should be made not later than six months before the applicant wishes the recognition order to take effect. No guarantee can be given that a decision will be reached
In determining whether or not an approved person's conduct under APER 4.4.4 E complies with Statement of Principle 4, the following are factors which, in the opinion of the FSA, are to be taken into account:(1) the likely significance to the FSA of the information which it was reasonable for the individual to assume;(2) whether the information related to the individual himself or to his firm;(3) whether any decision not to report the matter internally was taken after reasonable enquiry
In determining whether or not an approved person's conduct under APER 4.4.7 E complies with Statement of Principle 4(APER 2.1.2 P), the following are factors which, in the opinion of the FSA, are to be taken into account:(1) the likely significance of the information to the FSA which it was reasonable for the approved person to assume;(2) whether any decision not to inform the FSA was taken after reasonable enquiry and analysis of the situation.
(1) An authorised fund manager of a feeder UCITS is responsible for communicating to the depositary of the scheme any information about the master UCITS which is required for the completion of the depositary's regulatory obligations.(2) Where a master UCITS and its feeder UCITS have different depositaries, the depositaries must enter into an information-sharing agreement in order to ensure fulfilment of their respective duties.[Note: article 61(1) first and fourth paragraphs of
(1) The information-sharing agreement referred to in COLL 11.4.1R (2) must include:(a) identification of the documents and categories of information which are to be routinely shared between both depositaries, and whether that information or those documents are provided by one depositary to the other or made available on request;(b) the manner and timing, including any applicable deadlines, of the transmission of information by the depositary of the master UCITS to the depositary
1If a listed company includes pro forma financial information in a class 1 circular, a related party circular or a circular relating to the purchase by the company of 25% or more its issued equity shares (excluding treasury shares), it must comply with the requirements for pro forma financial information set out in the PD Regulation.
A firm must include within its CASS resolution pack:(1) a master document containing information sufficient to retrieve each document in the firm'sCASS resolution pack;(2) a document which identifies the institutions the firm has appointed (including through an appointed representative, tied agent, field representative or other agent):(a) in the case of client money, for the placement of money in accordance with CASS 7.4.1 R or to hold or control client money in accordance with
For the purpose of CASS 10.2.1R (2), a firm must ensure that the document records:(1) the full name of the individual institution in question;(2) the postal and email address and telephone number of that institution; and(3) the numbers of all accounts opened by that firm with that institution.
In addition to complying with BIPRU 4.3.54 R (Data maintenance) a firm must collect and store:(1) data used in the process of allocating exposures to grades or pools;(2) data on the estimated PDs, LGDs and conversion factors associated with grades or pools of exposures;(3) the identity of obligors and exposures that defaulted;(4) for defaultedexposures, data on the grades or pools to which the exposure was assigned over the year prior to default and the realised outcomes on LGD
Irrespective of whether a firm is using external, internal, pooled data sources or a combination of the three, for its estimation of loss characteristics, the length of the underlying historical observation period used must be at least five years for at least one source. If the available observation spans a longer period for any source, and these data are relevant, this longer period must be used. However:(1) a firm need not give equal importance to historic data if this is compatible
Estimates of conversion factors must be based on data over a minimum of five years. Notwithstanding BIPRU 4.3.125 R:(1) a firm need not give equal importance to historic data if this is permitted by its IRB permission; and(2) (in the case of a firm with an IRB permission that permits this treatment of historic data) the firm must be able to convince the FSA if asked that more recent data is a better predictor of loss rates.[Note:BCD Annex VII Part 4 point 95 (part)]
A firm must conduct an independent review of the CCR management system regularly through its own internal auditing process. This review must include both the activities of the business units referred to in BIPRU 13.6.41 R and of the independent CCR control unit. A review of the overall CCR management process must take place at regular intervals and must specifically address, at a minimum:(1) the adequacy of the documentation of the CCR management system and process;(2) the organisation
A firm must ensure that:(1) the model employs current market data to compute current exposures;(2) when using historical data to estimate volatility and correlations, at least three years of historical data are used and updated quarterly or more frequently if market conditions warrant;(3) the data covers a full range of economic conditions, such as a full business cycle;(4) a unit independent from the business unit validates the price supplied by the business unit;(5) the data