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UPRU 2.2 Method of calculation of financial resources

UPRU 2.2.1R

PART I

A firm must calculate its financial resources as shown below, subject to the detailed requirements set out in Part II.

Financial resources

Category

Part II

Para

TIER 1

(1)

Paid-up share capital (excluding preference shares)

A

2

(2)

Share premium account

(3)

Audited reserves

3

(4)

Non-cumulative preference shares

(5)

Eligible LLP members' capital

4

(6)

Investments in own shares

B

(7)

Intangible assets

5

(8)

Material current year losses

6

1(8A)

Excess LLP members' drawings

(9)

Material holdings in credit and financial institutions

7

Initial capital = (A-B) =

C

1(b)

TIER 2

1

(10)

Revaluation reserves

D

(11)

Fixed term cumulative preference share capital

1(a)

(12)

Long-term Qualifying Subordinated Loans

1(a); 8

(13)

Other cumulative preference share capital and debt capital

(14)

Qualifying arrangements

9

Own funds = (C+D) =

E

TIER 3

(15)

Illiquid assets

F

11

Financial resources = (E - F) =

G

PART II

DETAILED REQUIREMENTS

1

Ratios

(Items 11 and 12)

(a)

the total of fixed term cumulative preference shares (item 11) and long-term qualifying subordinated loans (item 12) that may be included in Tier 2 capital is limited to 50 per cent of Tier 1 capital ;

(b)

Tier 1 capital must equal or exceed €125,000 at all times; and

(c)

Tier 2 capital must not exceed 100 per cent of Tier 1 capital.

2

Non corporate entities

(a)

In the case of partnerships or sole traders, the following terms should be substituted, as appropriate, for items 1 to 4 in Tier 1 capital:

(i)

partners' capital accounts (excluding loan capital);

(ii)

partners' current accounts (excluding unaudited profits and loan capital);

(iii)

proprietor's account (or other term used to signify the sole trader's capital but excluding unaudited profits).

(b)

Loans other than qualifying subordinated loans shown within partners' or proprietors' accounts must be classified as Tier 2 capital under item 13.

(c)

For the calculation of financial resources, partners' current accounts figures are subject to the following adjustments in respect of a defined benefit occupational pension scheme:

(i)

a firm must derecognise any defined benefit asset:

(ii)

a firm may substitute for defined benefit liability the firm's deficit reduction amount. The election must be applied consistently in respect of any one financial year.

Note

A firm should keep a record of and be ready to explain to its supervisory contacts in the FSA the reasons for any difference between the deficit reduction amount and any commitment the firm has made in any public document to provide funding in respect of a defined benefit occupational pension scheme.

3

Audited Reserves

For the calculation of financial resources, the following adjustments apply to the audited reserves figure:

(a)

a firm must deduct any unrealised gains or, where applicable, add back in any unrealised losses on cash flow hedges of financial instruments measured at cost or amortised cost:

(b)

in respect of a defined benefit occupational pension scheme, a firm must derecognise any defined benefit asset;

(c)

a firm may substitute for a defined benefit liability the firm's deficit reduction amount. The election must be applied consistently in respect of any one financial year.

Note

A firm should keep a record of and be ready to explain to its supervisory contacts in the FSA the reasons for any difference between the deficit reduction amount and any commitment the firm has made in any public document to provide funding in respect of a defined benefit occupational pension scheme.

(d)

a firm must not include any unrealised gains from investment property.

Note

Unrealised gains from investment property should be reported as part of revaluation reserves.

(e)

where applicable, a firm must deduct any asset in respect of deferred acquisition costs and add back in any liability in respect of deferred income (but excluding from the deduction or addition any asset or liability which will give rise to future cash flows), together with any associated deferred tax.

4

Eligible LLP members' capital (Item 5)

Members' capital of a limited liability partnership may only be included in Tier 1 of the calculation (see item 5) if the conditions in IPRU(INV) Annex A 2.2R (Specific conditions for eligibility) and IPRU(INV) Annex A 2.3R (General conditions for eligibility) are satisfied.

5

Intangible assets (Item 7)

Intangible assets comprise:

(a)

formation expenses to the extent that these are treated as an asset in the firm's accounts;

(b)

goodwill, to the extent that it is treated as an asset in the firm's accounts; and

(c)

other assets treated as intangibles in the firm's accounts.

6

Material current year losses (Item 8)

Losses in current year operating figures must be deducted when calculating Tier 1 capital if such losses are material. For this purpose profits and losses must be calculated quarterly, as appropriate. If this calculation reveals a net loss it shall only be deemed to be material for the purposes of this Table if it exceeds 10 per cent of the firm's Tier 1 capital.

7

Material holdings in credit and financial institutions (Item 9)

Material holdings comprise:

(a)

where the firm holds more than 10 per cent of the equity share capital of the institution, the value of that holding and the amount of any subordinated loans to the institution and the value of holdings in qualifying capital items or qualifying capital instruments issued by the institution;

(b)

in the case of holdings other than those mentioned in (a) above, the value of holdings of equity share capital in, and the amount of subordinated loans made to, such institutions and the value of holdings in qualifying capital items or qualifying capital instruments issued by such institutions to the extent that the total of such holdings and subordinated loans exceeds 10 per cent of the firm's own funds calculated before the deduction of item 9.

8

Long term qualifying subordinated loans (Item 12)

Loans having the characteristics prescribed by IPRU(INV) 5.2.5(1) R may be included in item 12, subject to the limits set out in paragraph (1) above.

9

Qualifying arrangements (Item 14)

A firm may only include a qualifying undertaking or other arrangement in item 14 if it is a qualifying capital instrument or a qualifying capital item.

10

Interim profits

Non-trading book interim profits may only be included in Tier 1 of the calculation if they have been independently verified by the firm's external auditors.

For this purpose, the auditor should normally undertake at least the following:

(a)

satisfy himself that the figures forming the basis of the interim profits have been properly extracted from the underlying accounting records;

(b)

review the accounting policies used in calculating the interim profits so as to obtain comfort that they are consistent with those normally adopted by the firm in drawing up its annual financial statements;

(c)

perform analytical review procedures on the results to date, including comparisons of actual performance to date with budget and with the results of prior periods;

(d)

discuss with management the overall performance and financial position of the firm;

(e)

obtain adequate comfort that the implications of current and prospective litigation, all known claims and commitments, changes in business activities and provisions for bad and doubtful debts have been properly taken into account in arriving at the interim profits; and

(f)

follow up problem areas of which the auditors are already aware in the course of auditing the firm's financial statements.

A firm wishing to include interim profits in Tier 1 capital in a financial return should submit to the FSA with the financial return a verification report signed by its auditor which states whether the interim results are fairly stated.

Profits on the sale of capital items or arising from other activities which are not directly related to the designated investment business of the firm may also be included within the calculation of financial resources if they can be separately verified by the firm's auditors. In such a case, such profits can form part of the firm's Tier 1 capital as audited profits.

11

Illiquid assets (Item 15)

Illiquid assets comprise:

(a)

tangible fixed assets;

Note

In respect of tangible fixed assets purchased under finance leases the amount to be deducted as an illiquid asset shall be limited to the excess of the asset over the amount of the related liability shown on the balance sheet.

(b)

holdings in, including subordinated loans to, credit or financial institutions which may be included in the own funds of such institutions unless they have been deducted under item 9;

(c)

any investment in undertakings other than credit institutions and other financial institutions where such investments are not readily realisable;

(d)

any deficiency in net assets of a subsidiary;

(e)

deposits not available for repayment within 90 days or less (except for payments in connection with margined futures or options contracts);

Note

Where cash is placed on deposit with a maturity of more than 90 days but is repayable on demand subject to the payment of a penalty, then this is not required to be deducted as an illiquid asset but a deduction is required for the amount of the penalty.

(f)

loans, other debtors and accruals not falling due to be repaid within 90 days or which are more than one month overdue by reference to the contractual payment date;

(g)

physical stocks;

(h)

prepayments to the extent that the period of prepayment exceeds thirteen weeks; and

(i)

if not otherwise covered, any holding in eligible capital instruments of an insurance undertaking, insurance holding company, or reinsurance undertaking that is a subsidiary or participation. Eligible capital instruments include ordinary share capital, cumulative preference shares, perpetual securities and long-term subordinated loans, that are eligible for insurance undertakings under GENPRU 2 or, as the case may be, INSPRU 7.