Sections 178(1) and 190(1)of the Act require a person (whether or not he is an authorised person) to notify the FSA in writing if he proposesto take a step which would result in his acquiring control or increasing or reducing his control over a UK domestic firm in a way described in SUP 11.4.2 R (1) to SUP 11.4.2 R (4), or acquiring or reducing his control in a way described in SUP 11.4.2 R (1) and (2). Failure to notify is an offence under section 191(1) of the Act (Offences under this Part).46
The Treasury have made the following exemptions:
controllers and potential controllers of non-directive friendly societiesare exempt from the obligation to notify a change in control (The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Controllers) (Exemption) Order 2001 (SI 2001/2638));
controllers and potential controllers of building societies are exempt from the obligation to notify a change in control unless the change involves the acquisition of a holding of a specified percentage of a society's capital or the increase or reduction by a specified percentage of a holding of a society's capital (The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Controllers) (Exemption) (No.2) Order 2001 (SI 2001/3338.)). The "capital" of a society for these purposes consists of:
If a person proposesto acquire control or increase hiscontrol over a UK domestic firm in a way described in SUP 11.4.2 R(1) to (4)or acquire control in a way described in SUP 11.4.2AR (1)4, he must obtain the FSA's approval before doing so. Failure to obtain approvalis an offence under section 191(3) of the Act (Offences under this Part). The FSA has up to three months to consider whether to approve such a change in control: see SUP 11.7 for guidance on the approval procedures.46
6The FSA recognises that firms acting as investment managers may have difficulties in complying with the prior notification requirements in sections 178(1) and 190(1)of the Act as a result of acquiring or disposing of listed shares in the course of that fund management activity. To ameliorate these difficulties, the FSA may accept pre-notification of proposed changes in control, made in accordance with SUP D, and may grant approval of such changes for a period lasting up to a year.
that the firm proposes to acquire and/or dispose of control, on one or more occasions, of any UK domestic firm whose shares or those of its ultimate parent undertaking are, at the time of the acquisition or disposal of control, listed or which are admitted to listing on a designated investment exchange;:
the notification of change in control should be made no later than five business days after the end of each month and set out all changes in the controller's control position for each UK domestic firm for the month in question.
6The FSA considers that a custodian or its wholly-owned subsidiary nominee company, acting only in that capacity, does not itself take any step for the purposes of sections 178(2) and 190(2) of the Act when it becomes the controller of a UK domestic firm, its control of a UK domestic firm changes or it ceases to be the controller of a UK domestic firm as a result of acquiring or disposing of custody assets in the form of shares in accordance with its client's instructions.
6For the purposes of sections 178(2) and 190(2) of the Act and where there has been more than one change in control for each UK domestic firm in a fortnightly period, a custodian or its wholly-owned subsidiary nominee company to which SUP 11.3.6A G applies need only notify the FSA of its final control position for each UK domestic firm for that fortnight, so long as it also supplies the highest control position for each UK domestic firm it obtained during that period.
A notification ("notice of control") given to the FSA by a person who is acquiring control or increasing his control over a UK domestic firm, in a way described in SUP 11.4.2 R (1) to (4), or acquiring control in a way described in SUP 11.4.2A R, must:46
- (1) 8
- (2) 8
if a notification is not submitted on the relevant form specified in (1) or (2), provide reasons why that form was not used.5
If a relevant controllers form8, or an Application to perform controlled functions under the approved persons regime (Form A in SUP 10 Annex 4) in respect of a governing function, has already been submitted to the FSA in relation to a relevant individual, then the information in that form need not be submitted to the FSA as long as details of any changes in the information previously submitted, or confirmation that there are none, is submitted.28
A person who has submitted a notificationunder SUP 11.3.7 D must notify the FSA immediately if he becomes aware, or has information that reasonably suggests, that he has or may have provided the FSA with information which was or may have been false, misleading, incomplete or inaccurate, or has or may have changed, in a material particular. The notification must include:
If the information in (1) (c) cannot be submitted with the notification(because it is not immediately available), it must instead be submitted as soon as possible afterwards.
The requirement in (1) ceases if the change in control occurs or will not take place.
If a controller or proposed controller considers that the requirements in SUP 11.3.7 D to SUP 11.3.9 D are not appropriate to his circumstances (86 for example, if the control is temporary), he should consult the FSA. The FSA has power, under section 182(3)of the Act (Notification), to amend thoserequirements if it considers it appropriate to do so.8888
The Act provides that the FSA may request any additional information or documentation from the controller or proposed controller that it reasonably requires in order to determine what action it is to take in response to the notification. A controller or proposed controller which is an authorised person is required to submit less information under SUP 11.3.7 D than other persons and consequently the FSA may ask for confirmation of details already held or any additional information which it consi3ders appropriate.
The FSA is obliged to consult regulatory authorities in other EEA States before approving the change in control or giving a warning notice where6 the Financial and Services Markets Act 2000 (Consultation with Competent Authorities) Regulations 2001 (SI 2001/2509, as amended) apply. In summary, these regulations require the FSA to consult with the home state regulator of an ISD investment firm, a BCD credit institution, an EEA insurer, an EEAUCITS management company or the parent undertaking of any of these, where that firm has acquired or proposes to acquire control of certain UK domestic firms such that the acquiring firm would become the parent undertaking of the relevant UK domestic firm. These regulations also impose certain consultation obligations on the FSA in respect of financial conglomerates.767
A notification given to the FSA by a person who is reducing his control over a UK domestic firm, in a way described in SUP 11.4.2 R(1) to (4), or must, in accordance with section 190(4) of the Act (Notification):46