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PRR 1.2 Requirement for a prospectus and exemptions

Requirement for a prospectus

PRR 1.2.1EU

1Article 3(1) and (3) of the Prospectus Regulation provides for when a prospectus will be required:

Article 3

Subject matter, scope and exemptions

1. Without prejudice to Article 1(4), securities shall only be offered to the public in the Union after prior publication of a prospectus in accordance with this Regulation.

3. Without prejudice to Article 1(5), securities shall only be admitted to trading on a regulated market situated or operating within the Union after prior publication of a prospectus in accordance with this Regulation.

Securities to which the Prospectus Regulation does not apply

PRR 1.2.2EU

1Article 1(2) and (3) of the Prospectus Regulation provides that certain transferable securities are out of scope of the Prospectus Regulation:

Article 1

Subject matter, scope and exemptions

2. This Regulation shall not apply to the following types of securities:

  1. (a) units issued by collective investment undertakings other than the closed-end type;

  2. (b) non-equity securities issued by a Member State or by one of a Member State’s regional or local authorities, by public international bodies of which one or more Member States are members, by the European Central Bank or by the central banks of the Member States;

  3. (c) shares in the capital of central banks of the Member States;

  4. (d) securities unconditionally and irrevocably guaranteed by a Member State or by one of a Member State’s regional or local authorities;

  5. (e) securities issued by associations with legal status or non-profit-making bodies, recognised by a Member State, for the purposes of obtaining the funding necessary to achieve their non-profit-making objectives;

  6. (f) non-fungible shares of capital whose main purpose is to provide the holder with a right to occupy an apartment, or other form of immovable property or a part thereof and where the shares cannot be sold on without that right being given up.

3. Without prejudice to the second subparagraph of this paragraph and to Article 4, this Regulation shall not apply to an offer of securities to the public with a total consideration in the Union of less than EUR 1 000 000, which shall be calculated over a period of 12 months.

Member States shall not extend the obligation to draw up a prospectus in accordance with this Regulation to offers of securities to the public referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph. However, in those cases, Member States may require other disclosure requirements at national level to the extent that such requirements do not constitute a disproportionate or unnecessary burden.

Exempt securities – offers of securities to the public

PRR 1.2.3EU

1Article 1(4) of the Prospectus Regulation provides that certain offers of transferable securities to the public are exempt from the obligation to publish a prospectus:

Article 1

Subject matter, scope and exemptions

4. The obligation to publish a prospectus set out in Article 3(1) shall not apply to any of the following types of offers of securities to the public:

  1. (a) an offer of securities addressed solely to qualified investors;

  2. (b) an offer of securities addressed to fewer than 150 natural or legal persons per Member State, other than qualified investors;

  3. (c) an offer of securities whose denomination per unit amounts to at least EUR 100 000;

  4. (d) an offer of securities addressed to investors who acquire securities for a total consideration of at least EUR 100 000 per investor, for each separate offer;

  5. (e) shares issued in substitution for shares of the same class already issued, if the issuing of such new shares does not involve any increase in the issued capital;

  6. (f) securities offered in connection with a takeover by means of an exchange offer, provided that a document is made available to the public in accordance with the arrangements set out in Article 21(2), containing information describing the transaction and its impact on the issuer;

  7. (g) securities offered, allotted or to be allotted in connection with a merger or division, provided that a document is made available to the public in accordance with the arrangements set out in Article 21(2), containing information describing the transaction and its impact on the issuer;

  8. (h) dividends paid out to existing shareholders in the form of shares of the same class as the shares in respect of which such dividends are paid, provided that a document is made available containing information on the number and nature of the shares and the reasons for and details of the offer;

  9. (i) securities offered, allotted or to be allotted to existing or former directors or employees by their employer or by an affiliated undertaking provided that a document is made available containing information on the number and nature of the securities and the reasons for and details of the offer or allotment;

  10. (j) non-equity securities issued in a continuous or repeated manner by a credit institution, where the total aggregated consideration in the Union for the securities offered is less than EUR 75 000 000 per credit institution calculated over a period of 12 months, provided that those securities:

    1. (i) are not subordinated, convertible or exchangeable; and

    2. (ii) do not give a right to subscribe for or acquire other types of securities and are not linked to a derivative instrument.

Exempt securities – admission to trading on a regulated market

PRR 1.2.4EU

1Article 1(5) of the Prospectus Regulation provides that admission to trading of the following types of transferable securities is exempt from the obligation to publish a prospectus:

Article 1

Subject matter, scope and exemptions

5. The obligation to publish a prospectus set out in Article 3(3) shall not apply to the admission to trading on a regulated market of any of the following:

  1. (a) securities fungible with securities already admitted to trading on the same regulated market, provided that they represent, over a period of 12 months, less than 20% of the number of securities already admitted to trading on the same regulated market;

  2. (b) shares resulting from the conversion or exchange of other securities or from the exercise of the rights conferred by other securities, where the resulting shares are of the same class as the shares already admitted to trading on the same regulated market, provided that the resulting shares represent, over a period of 12 months, less than 20% of the number of shares of the same class already admitted to trading on the same regulated market, subject to the second subparagraph of this paragraph;

  3. (c) securities resulting from the conversion or exchange of other securities, own funds or eligible liabilities by a resolution authority due to the exercise of a power referred to in Article 53(2), 59(2) or Article 63(1) or (2) of [RRD];

  4. (d) shares issued in substitution for shares of the same class already admitted to trading on the same regulated market, where the issuing of such shares does not involve any increase in the issued capital;

  5. (e) securities offered in connection with a takeover by means of an exchange offer, provided that a document is made available to the public in accordance with the arrangements set out in Article 21(2), containing information describing the transaction and its impact on the issuer;

  6. (f) securities offered, allotted or to be allotted in connection with a merger or a division, provided that a document is made available to the public in accordance with the arrangements set out in Article 21(2), containing information describing the transaction and its impact on the issuer;

  7. (g) shares offered, allotted or to be allotted free of charge to existing shareholders, and dividends paid out in the form of shares of the same class as the shares in respect of which such dividends are paid, provided that the said shares are of the same class as the shares already admitted to trading on the same regulated market and that a document is made available containing information on the number and nature of the shares and the reasons for and details of the offer or allotment;

  8. (h) securities offered, allotted or to be allotted to existing or former directors or employees by their employer or an affiliated undertaking, provided that the said securities are of the same class as the securities already admitted to trading on the same regulated market and that a document is made available containing information on the number and nature of the securities and the reasons for and detail of the offer or allotment;

  9. (i) non-equity securities issued in a continuous or repeated manner by a credit institution, where the total aggregated consideration in the Union for the securities offered is less than EUR 75 000 000 per credit institution calculated over a period of 12 months, provided that those securities:

    1. (i) are not subordinated, convertible or exchangeable; and

    2. (ii) do not give a right to subscribe for or acquire other types of securities and are not linked to a derivative instrument;

  10. (j) securities already admitted to trading on another regulated market, on the following conditions:

    1. (i) that those securities, or securities of the same class, have been admitted to trading on that other regulated market for more than 18 months;

    2. (ii) that, for securities first admitted to trading on a regulated market after 1 July 2005, the admission to trading on that other regulated market was subject to a prospectus approved and published in accordance with Directive 2003/71/EC;

    3. (iii) that, except where point (ii) applies, for securities first admitted to listing after 30 June 1983, listing particulars were approved in accordance with the requirements of Council Directive 80/390/EEC or [the Consolidated Admissions and Reporting Directive];

    4. (iv) that the ongoing obligations for trading on that other regulated market have been fulfilled;

    5. (v) that the person seeking the admission of a security to trading on a regulated market under the exemption set out in this point (j) makes available to the public in the Member State of the regulated market where admission to trading is sought, in accordance with the arrangements set out in Article 21(2), a document the content of which complies with Article 7, except that the maximum length set out in Article 7(3) shall be extended by two additional sides of A4-sized paper, drawn up in a language accepted by the competent authority of the Member State of the regulated market where admission is sought; and

    6. (vi) that the document referred to in point (v) states where the most recent prospectus can be obtained and where the financial information published by the issuer pursuant to ongoing disclosure obligations is available.

The requirement that the resulting shares represent, over a period of 12 months, less than 20% of the number of shares of the same class already admitted to trading on the same regulated market as referred to in point (b) of the first subparagraph shall not apply in any of the following cases:

  1. (a) where a prospectus was drawn up in accordance with either this Regulation or [the PD] upon the offer to the public or admission to trading on a regulated market of the securities giving access to the shares;

  2. (b) where the securities giving access to the shares were issued before 20 July 2017;

  3. (c) where the shares qualify as Common Equity Tier 1 items as laid down in Article 26 of [the EU CRR] of an institution as defined in point (3) of Article 4(1) of that Regulation and result from the conversion of Additional Tier 1 instruments issued by that institution due to the occurrence of a trigger event as laid down in point (a) of Article 54(1) of that Regulation;

  4. (d) where the shares qualify as eligible own funds or eligible basic own funds as defined in Section 3 of Chapter VI of Title I of [the Solvency II Directive], and result from the conversion of other securities which was triggered for the purposes of fulfilling the obligations to comply with the Solvency Capital Requirement or Minimum Capital Requirement as laid down in Sections 4 and 5 of Chapter VI of Title I of [the Solvency II Directive] or the group solvency requirement as laid down in Title III of [the Solvency II Directive].

PRR 1.2.5EU

1Article 1(6) provides as follows in relation to exemptions:

Article 1

Subject matter, scope and exemptions

6. The exemptions from the obligation to publish a prospectus that are set out in paragraphs 4 and 5 may be combined together. However, the exemptions in points (a) and (b) of the first subparagraph of paragraph 5 shall not be combined together if such combination could lead to the immediate or deferred admission to trading on a regulated market over a period of 12 months of more than 20% of the number of shares of the same class already admitted to trading on the same regulated market, without a prospectus being published.

Voluntary prospectus

PRR 1.2.6EU

1Article 4 of the Prospectus Regulation provides for when a prospectus may be drawn up on a voluntary basis:

Article 4

Voluntary prospectus

  1. 1. Where an offer of securities to the public or an admission of securities to trading on a regulated market is outside the scope of this Regulation in accordance with Article 1(3), or exempted from the obligation to publish a prospectus in accordance with Article 1(4), 1(5) or 3(2), an issuer, an offeror or a person asking for admission to trading on a regulated market shall be entitled to voluntarily draw up a prospectus in accordance with this Regulation.

  2. 2. Such voluntarily drawn up prospectus approved by the competent authority of the home Member State, as determined in accordance with point (m) of Article 2, shall entail all the rights and obligations provided for a prospectus required under this Regulation and shall be subject to all provisions of this Regulation, under the supervision of that competent authority.

Prospectus for resale of transferable securities

PRR 1.2.7EU

1Article 5 of the Prospectus Regulation provides for when an additional prospectus is, and is not, required in case of a subsequent resale of transferable securities:

Article 5

Subsequent resale of securities

  1. 1. Any subsequent resale of securities which were previously the subject of one or more of the types of offer of securities to the public listed in points (a) to (d) of Article 1(4) shall be considered as a separate offer and the definition set out in point (d) of Article 2 shall apply for the purpose of determining whether that resale is an offer of securities to the public. The placement of securities through financial intermediaries shall be subject to publication of a prospectus unless one of the exemptions listed in points (a) to (d) of Article 1(4) applies in relation to the final placement.

    No additional prospectus shall be required in any such subsequent resale of securities or final placement of securities through financial intermediaries as long as a valid prospectus is available in accordance with Article 12 and the issuer or the person responsible for drawing up such prospectus consents to its use by means of a written agreement.

  2. 2. Where a prospectus relates to the admission to trading on a regulated market of non-equity securities that are to be traded only on a regulated market, or a specific segment thereof, to which only qualified investors can have access for the purposes of trading in such securities, the securities shall not be resold to non-qualified investors, unless a prospectus is drawn up in accordance with this Regulation that is appropriate for non-qualified investors.