Q29. What is the background to this regulated activity?
The effect of the Pension Schemes Act 2015 is that trustees or managers must ensure that a member of a pension scheme or a survivor has taken appropriate independent advice before converting or transferring pension benefits, where the conversion or transfer is of safeguarded benefits to flexible benefits.
Q30. Does this mean that there is an overlap between “advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits” and “advising on investments”?
Yes, there is an overlap between both activities. Under the Regulated Activities Order rights under a stakeholder pension scheme and under a personal pension scheme fall within the definition of security. This means that advising on any of these investments would fall under advising on investments.
Where a pension scheme provides safeguarded benefits then a person who is advising on investments may also be advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits at the same time.
In practice, we expect that a person advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits will also carry on advising on investments.
Q31. What is the difference between both advising activities?
The regulated activity of advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits applies to any pension scheme that has safeguarded benefits. This means it includes advising on transfers between occupational pension schemes where the transfer payment is in respect of safeguarded benefits with a view to acquiring a right or entitlement to flexible benefits.
In the context of pension schemes, advising on investments in respect of rights under a personal pension scheme or a stakeholder pension scheme is limited to these types of schemes and would not include occupational pension schemes.
Q32. Does a person who advises on the conversion or transfer of flexible benefits need to seek authorisation?
When the conversion or transfer of flexible benefits involves advising on the merits of buying, selling, subscribing for rights in a personal pension scheme or in a stakeholder pension scheme or exercising any of these rights, either as the ceding scheme or the receiving scheme or both, then that would amount to advising on investments and authorisation is required. This is because the regulated activity of advising on investments applies in relation to rights under a personal pension scheme or rights under a stakeholder pension scheme.
For example, advice on the switching of flexible benefits between defined contribution occupational pension schemes. Similarly, advice on an uncrystallised funds pension lump sum payment out of a defined contribution occupational pension scheme is not regulated.
In our opinion, a pension policy with a GAR has a safeguarded benefit and a person advising on it may be advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits.
Q34. Can advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits be carried on in respect of any other specified investments?
No, the only specified investment relevant for advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits is rights or interests under a pension scheme which provides safeguarded benefits.
It should be noted that rights or interests under a pension scheme which provides safeguarded benefits is a specified investment exclusively in respect of advising on conversion or transfer of pension benefits and not any other regulated activity.