to a government department, the Bank of England, the Competition Commission, the Takeover Panel or any other regulatory body or authority for the purposes of fulfilling a legal or regulatory obligation; or
otherwise to such a body in connection with the performance of the functions of that body.
In the opinion of the FSA whether the disclosure is permitted by the rules of a prescribed market , of the FSA or the Takeover Code; or, the following factors are to be taken into account in determining whether or not the disclosure was made by a person in the proper course of the exercise of his employment, profession or duties, and are indications that it was:
whether the disclosure is accompanied by the imposition of confidentiality requirements upon the person to whom the disclosure is made and is:
reasonable and is to enable a person to perform the proper functions of his employment, profession or duties; or
reasonable and is (for example, to a professional adviser) for the purposes of facilitating or seeking or giving advice about a transaction or takeover bid; or
in fulfilment of a legal obligation, including to employee representatives or trade unions acting on their behalf.
The following is an exampleof market abuse (improper disclosure):
X, a director at B PLC has lunch with a friend, Y, who has no connection with B PLC or its advisers. X tells Y that his company has received a takeover offer that is at a premium to the current share price at which it is trading.
The following is an example of encouraging another to engage in market abuse (improper disclosure):
X, an analyst employed by an investment bank, telephones the finance director at B PLC and presses for details of the profit and loss account from the latest unpublished management accounts of B PLC.