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Status: You are viewing the version of the handbook as on 2005-06-30.

LLD 16.3 Application of PRU to the Society and managing agents

LLD 16.3.1R

If a provision in PRU applies to the Society "in accordance with" this rule, the Society must:

  1. (1)

    manage each member's funds at Lloyd's;

  2. (2)

    manage its central assets; and

  3. (3)

    supervise the insurance business carried on by each member at Lloyd's;

so as to achieve in relation to those assets and that insurance business the same effect as the relevant PRU provision would have (that is, conforming with the requirements of any rule and taking appropriate account of any applicable guidance,) when applied to a firm or to the insurance business of a firm.

LLD 16.3.2G

The Society is subject to PRU rules in respect of the insurance business of each Lloyd's member. These include rules in respect of:

  1. (1)

    the calculation of the capital resources requirements for each member;

  2. (2)

    the financial resources it manages on behalf of members; and

  3. (3)

    the Society's own financial resources.

LLD 16.3.3R

If a provision in PRU applies to a managing agent "in accordance with" this rule, the managing agent must, in relation to each syndicate managed by it and for each syndicate year, manage:

  1. (1)

    the syndicate assets; and

  2. (2)

    the insurance business carried on by the members of the syndicate through that syndicate;

so as to achieve in relation to those assets and that insurance business the same effect as the relevant PRU provision would have (that is, conforming with the requirements of any rule and taking appropriate account of any applicable guidance,) when applied to a firm or to the insurance business of a firm.

LLD 16.3.4G

Syndicate membership may change from year to year or it may remain constant. Managing agents are required to apply PRU to the insurance business carried on through each syndicate for each syndicate year. This should ensure that PRU is applied to Lloyd's in a way that is consistent with the provision of capital to support the insurance business underwritten.

LLD 16.3.5G

Where common systems and controls or processes are appropriate for all the insurance business carried on through more than one syndicate year, a single response may be adequate for all syndicate years. However, in some cases it will be important to consider the business of each open syndicate year separately, particularly for quantitative rules. For example, it is important that managing agents separately assess the financial resources (including capital) that are required and are available to support the insurance business carried on through each syndicate year, where the syndicate membership changes from year to year. This is because each member's assets are only available to support its own business, so the assets supporting one year of account may not be available to support another. For example, if a managing agent were to assess the financial requirements of two or more syndicate years together where the capital structure had changed, there would be a risk that the managing agent might take account of diversification effects that were not reflected in the capital supporting the insurance business.

LLD 16.3.6G

There is no requirement on managing agents to carry out separate individual capital assessments for syndicates for each syndicate year. Managing agents are required to carry out individual capital assessments for each syndicate as if that syndicate were a firm; this would normally be on the basis of a going concern but, just as in a firm, account needs to be taken of any restrictions on the availability of assets (e.g. deposits with cedants), and some account needs to be taken of changes in the capital participation in the syndicate. The Society is responsible for the individual capital assessment for each member, which must take into account the assessments made by managing agents of any syndicates on which the member participates. PRU 2.3 contains rules and guidance on the assessment of capital adequacy for firms and LLD 19.4.1 R to LLD 19.4.24 R provide for the application of PRU 2.3 to the Society and managing agents.