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FUND 10.1 Application and purpose

Application

FUND 10.1.1 G
  1. (1)

    1This chapter applies to the following types of firm in relation to the activities in (2):

    1. (a)

      a full-scope UK AIFM;

    2. (b)

      a full-scope EEA AIFM;

    3. (c)

      a small non-EEA AIFM; and

    4. (d)

      an above-threshold non-EEA AIFM.

  2. (2)

    The activities to which this chapter relates are the management and marketing on a cross-border basis, into or from the UK of:

    1. (a)

      a UK AIF;

    2. (b)

      an EEA AIF; and

    3. (c)

      a non-EEA AIF.

Purpose

FUND 10.1.2 G

The purpose of this chapter is to provide guidance on the requirements that apply to the types of firm set out in FUND 10.1.1 G when operating on a cross-border basis into or from the UK.

Introduction

FUND 10.1.3 G

An AIFM operates on a cross-border basis when it manages or markets an AIF in an EEA State other than the state in which it has its registered office (which may include, in certain cases, a state which is a non-EEA State).

FUND 10.1.4 G
  1. (1)

    AIFMD allows certain types of AIFM to operate on a cross-border basis using a passport. There are two types of passport that are provided for in AIFMD:

    1. (a)

      a management passport, which allows an AIFM to establish a branch in, or provide cross-border services into, another EEA State to manage an AIF; and

    2. (b)

      a marketing passport, which allows an AIFM to provide cross-border services into another EEA State to market an AIF to investors that are professional clients.

  2. (2)

    The following types of AIFM are allowed to operate on a cross-border basis using the management and marketing passport:

    1. (a)

      a full-scope UK AIFM of:

      1. (i)

        a UK AIF; and

      2. (ii)

        an EEA AIF; and

    2. (b)

      a full-scope EEA AIFM of:

      1. (i)

        a UK AIF; and

      2. (ii)

        an EEA AIF.

FUND 10.1.5 G
  1. (1)

    AIFMD also contains specific provisions for third country AIFs and AIFMs (ie, in relation to non-EEA AIFs and non-EEA AIFMs) and the marketing of a UK AIF or an EEA AIF that is a feeder AIF, the master AIF of which is managed by a non-EEA AIFM or is a non-EEA AIF.

  2. (2)

    In line with these provisions, the following types of AIFM are allowed to manage a non-EEA AIF from an EEA State:

    1. (a)

      a full-scope UK AIFM; and

    2. (b)

      a full-scope EEA AIFM.

  3. (3)

    In addition, EEA States may allow the marketing by the following types of AIFM in their territory only:

    1. (a)

      a full-scope UK AIFM of:

      1. (i)

        a UK AIF or an EEA AIF that is a feeder AIF, the master AIF of which is managed by a non-EEA AIFM or is a non-EEA AIF and;

      2. (ii)

        a non-EEA AIF;

    2. (b)

      a full-scope EEA AIFM of:

      1. (i)

        a UK AIF or an EEA AIF that is a feeder AIF, the master AIF of which is managed by a non-EEA AIFM or is a non-EEA AIF; and

      2. (ii)

        a non-EEA AIF; and

    3. (c)

      a non-EEA AIFM of:

      1. (i)

        a UK AIF;

      2. (ii)

        an EEA AIF; and

      3. (iii)

        a non-EEA AIF.

FUND 10.2 AIFM management passport

Application

FUND 10.2.1 G

This section applies to:

  1. (1)

    a full-scope UK AIFM that intends to manage an EEA AIF:

    1. (a)

      by establishing a branch in another EEA State; or

    2. (b)

      under the freedom to provide cross-border services; and

  2. (2)

    a full-scope EEA AIFM that intends to manage a UK AIF:

    1. (a)

      by establishing a branch in the UK (an incoming EEA AIFM branch); or

    2. (b)

      under the freedom to provide cross-border services.

Management passport for full-scope UK AIFMs

FUND 10.2.2 G

Information on the use of the management passport by a full-scope UK AIFM is contained in SUP 13 (exercise of passport rights by UK firms), which includes:

  1. (1)

    guidance on the conditions for establishing a branch to manage an AIF in an EEA State other than the UK (SUP 13.3.2 G);

  2. (2)

    guidance on the conditions for providing cross-border services to manage an AIF in an EEA State other than the UK (SUP 13.4.2 G);

  3. (3)

    the notice of intention that a full-scope UK AIFM must submit to establish a branch in an EEA State other than the UK (SUP 13 Annex 1);

  4. (4)

    the notice of intention that a full-scope UK AIFM must submit to provide cross-border services to manage an AIF in an EEA State other than the UK ( SUP 13 Annex 8AR);

  5. (5)

    guidance on changes to branches (SUP 13.6.10 G); and

  6. (6)

    guidance on changes to cross-border services to manage an AIF in an EEA State other than the UK (SUP 13.7.13G).

Management passport for full-scope EEA AIFMs

FUND 10.2.3 G

Information on the use of the management passport by a full-scope EEA AIFM is contained in SUP 13A (Qualifying for authorisation under the Act) and SUP 14 (Incoming EEA firms changing details, and cancelling qualification for authorisation), which include:

  1. (1)

    guidance on the conditions for establishing a branch to manage an AIF in the UK (SUP 13A.4.1 G);

  2. (2)

    guidance on the conditions for providing cross border services to manage an AIF in the UK (SUP 13A.5.3 G);

  3. (3)

    guidance on Handbook provisions that apply to an incoming EEA AIFM branch (SUP 13A Annex 1);

  4. (4)

    guidance on the matters that are reserved to a firm'sHome State regulator (SUP 13A Annex 2);

  5. (5)

    guidance on changes to branches (SUP 14.2.15G and SUP 14.2.16G); and

  6. (6)

    guidance on changes to cross-border services to manage an AIF (SUP 14.3.8G to SUP 14.3.10G).

FUND 10.3 AIFM marketing passport

Application

FUND 10.3.1 G

This section applies to:

  1. (1)

    a full-scope UK AIFM of:

    1. (a)

      a UK AIF; and

    2. (b)

      an EEA AIF;

      that intends to market the AIF it manages in an EEA State other than the UK; and

  2. (2)

    a full-scope EEA AIFM of:

    1. (a)

      a UK AIF; and

    2. (b)

      an EEA AIF;

      that intends to market the AIF it manages in the UK.

Feeder AIFs

FUND 10.3.2 G

If the UK AIF or EEA AIF is a feeder AIF, the full-scope UK AIFM or full-scope EEA AIFM may only market the AIF using the marketing passport if the master AIF is a UK AIF or an EEA AIF that is managed by a full-scope UK AIFM or a full-scope EEA AIFM. However, the AIFM of such an AIF will be entitled to market the AIF if it meets the conditions in regulation 57 (Marketing under Article 36 of the directive) of the AIFMD UK regulation, as explained in FUND 10.5.3 G to FUND 10.5.5 G.

Marketing passport for full-scope UK AIFMs

FUND 10.3.3 G

Information on the use of the marketing passport by a full-scope UK AIFM is contained in SUP 13 (exercise of passport rights by UK firms), which includes:

  1. (1)

    guidance on the conditions for providing cross-border services to market an AIF in an EEA State other than the UK (SUP 13.4.2FG);

  2. (2)

    the notice of intention that a full-scope UK AIFM must submit to provide cross-border services to market an AIF (SUP 13 Annex 8BR); and

  3. (3)

    guidance on changes to cross-border services to market an AIF in an EEA State other than the UK (SUP 13.7.14G).

Marketing passport for full-scope EEA AIFMs

FUND 10.3.4 G

Information on the use of the marketing passport by a full-scope EEA AIFM is contained in SUP 13A (Qualifying for authorisation under the Act) and SUP 14 (Incoming EEA firms changing details, and cancelling qualification for authorisation), which include:

  1. (1)

    guidance on the conditions for providing cross-border services to market an AIF into the UK (SUP 13A.5.3 G); and

  2. (2)

    guidance on changes to cross-border services to market an AIF in the UK (SUP 14.3.9G and SUP 14.3.10G).

FUND 10.3.5 G

In accordance with article 32(5) of AIFMD arrangements for the marketing of AIFs (referred to in point (h) of Annex IV of AIFMD) are subject to the laws and supervision of the Host State of the AIFM. This means that a full-scope EEA AIFM that is marketing an AIF in the UK using the marketing passport should have regard to the financial promotions regime, as explained in PERG 8.37.6 G (3) (Communications with investors in relation to draft documentation).

Further guidance on marketing an AIF

FUND 10.3.6 G

Further guidance on marketing an AIF can be found in PERG 8.37 (AIFMD Marketing).

Marketing an ELTIF

FUND 10.3.7 G

1To market an ELTIF in an EEA State other than the United Kingdom a full-scope UK AIFM should submit a notice to the FCA using the forms in:

  1. (1)

    SUP 13 Annex 8BR (Passporting: AIFMD); and

  2. (2)

    FUND 4 Annex 1R (Additional documentation and information to market an ELTIF).

FUND 10.4 AIFM third country management

Application

FUND 10.4.1 G

This section applies to a full-scope UK AIFM of a non-EEA AIF that is not marketed in the EEA to EEA investors.

Applicable requirements

FUND 10.4.2 G

A full-scope UK AIFM may manage a non-EEA AIF subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions. If the AIF is not marketed, these conditions are that:

  1. (1)

    the AIFM complies with the full requirements of AIFMD in respect of that AIF, except article 21 (Depositaries) and article 22 (Annual reporting); and

  2. (2)

    (in accordance with regulation 33 of the AIFMD UK regulation) appropriate cooperation arrangements are in place between the competent authorities of the Home State of the AIFM and the supervisory authorities of the third country where the non-EEA AIF is established in order to ensure an efficient exchange of information that allows the competent authority of the Home State of the AIFM to carry out its duties in accordance with AIFMD.

FUND 10.4.3 G

As a result, a full-scope UK AIFM of a non-EEA AIF that is not marketed is required to comply with:

  1. (1)

    all of FUND 3 with the exception of FUND 3.3 (Annual report of an AIF), FUND 3.11 (Depositaries) and FUND 3.12 (Marketing in the home Member State of the AIFM); and

  2. (2)

    such other provisions of the FCA Handbook as are applicable to a full-scope UK AIFM.

FUND 10.4.4 G

If a full-scope UK AIFM wishes to market in the UK a non-EEA AIF that it manages, the AIFM must comply with the relevant requirements, as explained in FUND 10.5.3 G to FUND 10.5.5 G (Marketing under article 36 of AIFMD).

FUND 10.5 National private placement

Application

FUND 10.5.1 G

This section applies to the following types of AIFM that intend to market an AIF in the UK:

  1. (1)

    a full-scope UK AIFM of:

    1. (a)

      a feeder AIF that is a UK AIF or an EEA AIF, the master AIF of which is managed by a non-EEA AIFM or is a non-EEA AIF; and

    2. (b)

      a non-EEA AIF;

  2. (2)

    a full-scope EEA AIFM of:

    1. (a)

      a feeder AIF that is a UK AIF or an EEA AIF, the master AIF of which is managed by a non-EEA AIFM or is a non-EEA AIF; and

    2. (b)

      a non-EEA AIF;

  3. (3)

    a small non-EEA AIFM of:

    1. (a)

      a UK AIF;

    2. (b)

      an EEA AIF; and

    3. (c)

      a non-EEA AIF; and

  4. (4)

    an above-threshold non-EEA AIFM of:

    1. (a)

      a UK AIF;

    2. (b)

      an EEA AIF; and

    3. (c)

      a non-EEA AIF.

Introduction

FUND 10.5.2 G

AIFMD permits EEA States to allow the marketing in their territory only of the types of AIF set out in FUND 10.5.1 G, subject to certain conditions. This has been implemented in the UK by Part 6 (Marketing) of the AIFMD UK regulation. In accordance with these provisions, an AIFM of the type set out in FUND 10.5.1 G may market an AIF in the UK providing it has notified the FCA of its intention to market, it meets the relevant conditions in the AIFMD UK regulation and the FCA has not suspended or revoked the AIFM's entitlement to market the AIF. The AIFM is entitled to market the AIF as soon as a notification containing all of the required information has been sent to the FCA.

Marketing under article 36 of AIFMD

FUND 10.5.3 G

In accordance with regulation 57 (Marketing under Article 36 of the directive) of the AIFMD UK regulation, a full-scope UK AIFM and a full-scope EEA AIFM may market the following types of AIF in the UK by submitting a notification to the FCA in the form in FUND 10 Annex 1 D:

  1. (1)

    a feeder AIF that is a UK AIF or an EEA AIF, the master AIF of which is managed by a non-EEA AIFM or is a non-EEA AIF; and

  2. (2)

    a non-EEA AIF.

FUND 10.5.4 G

To allow the AIFM to comply with regulation 57(4), the notification includes a statement from the AIFM confirming that the following conditions are met:

  1. (1)

    subject to (2), the AIFM complies with the requirements of AIFMD in respect of that AIF;

  2. (2)

    the AIFM is not required to comply with the requirements of article 21 (Depositaries) of AIFMD provided the AIFM:

    1. (a)

      ensures that one or more entities, other than the AIFM, are appointed to carry out the duties in article 21(7) to (9) of AIFMD; and

    2. (b)

      informs the FCA about the identity of each entity;

  3. (3)

    appropriate cooperation arrangements for the purpose of systemic risk oversight and in line with international standards are in place between the FCA and the supervisory authorities of the relevant third country to ensure an efficient exchange of information that enables the FCA to carry out its duties in accordance with AIFMD; and

  4. (4)

    the third country where the non-EEA AIF is established is not listed as a Non-Cooperative Country and Territory by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).

FUND 10.5.5 G
  1. (1)

    As a result of marketing an AIF in the UK, a full-scope UK AIFM is required to comply with:

    1. (a)

      all of FUND 3, except certain sections of FUND 3.11 (Depositaries) (as set out in FUND 3.11.33R (AIFM of a non-EEA AIF)) and (Marketing in the home Member State of the AIFM); and

    2. (b)

      such other provisions of the FCA Handbook that apply to a full-scope UK AIFM of a UK AIF.

  2. (2)

    A full-scope UK AIFM managing a non-EEA AIF that is not marketed should note that the rules it needs to comply with will change in relation to that AIF as a result of the AIF being marketed (see FUND 10.4.3 G for details of the rules that apply to a full-scope UK AIFM managing, a non-EEA AIF that is not marketed). In particular, an AIFM will be subject to the annual report requirements in FUND 3.3 (Annual report of an AIF) and some of the depositary provisions in FUND 3.11 (Depositaries) (as set out in FUND 3.11.33 R (AIFM of a non-EEA AIF)).

Marketing of AIFs managed by small third-country AIFMs

FUND 10.5.6 G

In accordance with regulation 58 (Marketing of AIFs managed by small third country AIFMs) of the AIFMD UK regulation, a small non-EEA AIFM may market an AIF in the UK managed by it by submitting a notification to the FCA in the form set out in FUND 10 Annex 1 D.

FUND 10.5.7 G

To allow the AIFM to comply with the requirements of regulation 58(2), the notification includes a statement from the AIFM confirming that the following conditions are met:

  1. (1)

    the AIFM is the person responsible for complying with the implementing provisions relating to the marketing of the AIF (as explained in FUND 10.5.8 G); and

  2. (2)

    the AIFM is a small non-EEA AIFM.

FUND 10.5.8 G

As a result of marketing an AIF in the UK, a small non-EEA AIFM is required to provide the FCA with information on:

  1. (1)

    the main instruments in which the AIFM trades; and

  2. (2)

    the principal exposures and most important concentrations of the AIFs it manages.

    in accordance with SUP 16.18 (AIFMD reporting).

Marketing under Article 42 of the directive

FUND 10.5.9 G

In accordance with regulation 59 (Marketing under article 42 of the directive) of the AIFMD UK regulation, an above-threshold non-EEA AIFM may market a UK AIF, an EEA AIF or a non-EEA AIF in the UK managed by it by submitting a notification to the FCA in the form in FUND 10 Annex 1 D.

FUND 10.5.10 G

To allow the AIFM to comply with the requirements of regulation 59(2), the notification includes a statement from the AIFM confirming that the following conditions are met:

  1. (1)

    the AIFM is the person responsible for complying with the implementing provisions relating to the marketing of the AIF (see FUND 10.5.11 G);

  2. (2)

    the AIFM complies with the requirements of articles 22 to 24 AIFMD in so far as such provisions are relevant to the AIFM and the AIF to be marketed;

  3. (3)

    if applicable, the AIFM complies with Part 5 (AIFs which acquire control of non-listed companies and issuers) of the AIFMD UK regulation in relation to the AIF to be marketed;

  4. (4)

    appropriate cooperation arrangements for the purpose of systemic risk oversight and in line with international standards are in place between:

    1. (a)

      the FCA and, if applicable, the competent authorities of the other EEA State where the AIF is established; and

    2. (b)

      the supervisory authorities of the country where the non-EEA AIFM is established and, if applicable, of the country where the non-EEA AIF is established,

    to ensure an efficient exchange of information that enables the FCA to carry out its duties in accordance with AIFMD; and

  5. (5)

    the third country where the non-EEA AIF is established is not listed as a Non-Cooperative Country and Territory by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).

FUND 10.5.11 G

As a result of marketing an AIF in the UK, an above-threshold non-EEA AIFM is required to comply with:

  1. (1)

    the requirements that apply to a full-scope UK AIFM in FUND 3.2 (Investor information), FUND 3.3 (Annual report of an AIF) and FUND 3.4 (Reporting obligations to the FCA) in so far as such provisions are relevant to the AIFM and the AIF; and

  2. (2)

    if applicable, Part 5 (AIFs which acquire control of non-listed companies and issuers) of the AIFMD UK regulation.

FUND 10.5.11A G
  1. (1)
    1. (a)

      1A provision of FUND 3.2 (Investor Information), FUND 3.3 (Annual report of the AIF) or FUND 3.4 (Reporting obligations to the FCA) will not be relevant to an above-threshold non-EEA AIFM and the AIF it markets, if it relates to another provision to which the AIFM is not subject.

    2. (b)

      For example, the AIFM does not need to comply with FUND 3.2.2R (5) because it is not subject to the professional negligence requirements in IPRU(INV) 11.3.11G (Professional negligence).

  2. (2)
    1. (a)

      However, the AIFM should comply with the substance of the provisions of FUND 3.2 (Investor Information), FUND 3.3 (Annual report of the AIF) or FUND 3.4 (Reporting obligations to the FCA) to the extent that these are relevant to the AIFM and the AIF.

    2. (b)

      For example:

      1. (i)

        the AIFM should make the latest net asset value of the AIF or latest market price of the unit or share of the AIF available to investors before they invest, but it does not need to do so in line with FUND 3.9 (Valuation), because it is not subject to these provisions; and

      2. (ii)

        the AIFM should include information in its annual report in relation to the remuneration paid by the AIFM to its staff as set out in FUND 3.3.5R (5) and FUND 3.3.5R (6), but it does not need to do so in line with the requirements in SYSC 19B, because it is not subject to those provisions.

  3. (3)

    An AIFM should comply with the provisions in FUND 3.3 (Annual report of the AIF) in relation to the first financial year end date of the AIF following the AIFM's notification to the FCA of its intention to market the AIF in the UK.

Further guidance on marketing an AIF

FUND 10.5.12 G

Further guidance on marketing an AIF can be found in PERG 8.37 (AIFMD marketing).

FUND 10 Annex 1 National private placement notification

D

This annex consists of one or more forms. Forms can be completed online by visiting https://www.fca.org.uk/firms/nppr1