The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction only if it relates to an act or omission by a firm in the carrying on of one or more of the following activities (unless the provision described in DISP 2.6.3 R applies):
lending money secured by a charge on land;
lending money (other than restricted credit);
the provision of ancillary banking services (see DISP 2.6.6 G);
or activities ancillary to them (see DISP 2.6.2 G).
Under article 3 of the Ombudsman Transitional Order, the Ombudsman can also consider a relevant new complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction where it relates to an act or omission of a firm which was, immediately before commencement, subject to a former scheme, provided that:
2Under article 2 of the Mortgage and General Insurance Complaints Transitional Order, the Ombudsman can also consider a relevant transitional complaint under the Compulsory Jurisdiction where it relates to an act or omission of a firm which was, immediately before the relevant commencement date, subject to a former scheme, provided that:
The carrying on of an activity in DISP 2.6.1 R includes offering, providing or failing to provide and administering or failing to administer a service in relation to the activities covered by that rule. This includes the manner in which a firm has administered its business, provided that the business is an activity subject to the jurisdiction of the Financial Ombudsman Service.
For the purposes of DISP 2.6.1 R (5), ancillary banking services include, for example, the provision and operation of cash machines and safe deposit boxes and the provision of account aggregation services (that is, services where details from several accounts which may be held by different financial service providers can be accessed by a single password).1
The Ombudsman can consider a complaint under the Voluntary Jurisdiction only if it is not covered by the Compulsory Jurisdiction and it relates to an act or omission in the carrying on of one or more of the following activities by a VJ participant:
lending money secured by a charge over land;
the provision of ancillary banking services;
acting as an intermediary for a loan secured by a charge over land;
a financial services activity carried on after commencement and which had been covered by a former scheme in so far as the VJ participant was a member of that former scheme, in respect of that activity, immediately before the commencement day;
an activity carried on on or after 29 April 1988 which was a regulated activity when the VJ participant joined the Voluntary Jurisdiction(or became an authorised person if later) but which was not a regulated activity at the time of the act or omission;
National Savings and Investments' business;
or activities ancillary to them (see DISP 2.6.11 R).
DISP 2.6.9 R (6A)includes:
making arrangements for a borrower or potential borrower to enter into, or vary the terms of, a loan secured by a charge over land;
making arrangements with a view to a borrower or potential borrower who participates in the arrangements entering into a loan secured over land; and
advising a borrower or potential borrower on the merits of entering into, or varying the terms of, a loan secured by a charge over land.
DISP 2.6.9 R (6B)includes:
concluding such contracts;
assisting in the administration and performance of such contracts, in particular in the event of a claim;
dealing as an agent, or arranging deals, in such contracts (or rights in them);
managing, safeguarding or administering assets consisting of, or including, such contracts (or rights in them); and
advising on the merits of buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting such contracts (or rights in them).
But customers of reinsurance intermediaries are unlikely to be eligible complainants.
DISP 2.6.9 R (7) enables complaints about VJ participants which, immediately before the commencement day, were members of one of the former schemes replaced by the Financial Ombudsman Service to be dealt with under the Voluntary Jurisdiction. This is in respect of the financial services activities for which the VJ participant was previously covered but excludes complaints which fall into the Compulsory Jurisdiction as relevant complaints. So the complaints which are covered by DISP 2.6.9 R (7) are only those which arise out of acts or omissions occurring after the commencement day.
A complaint subject to these rules which is not covered by the Compulsory Jurisdiction can be considered by the Ombudsman even though it relates to an act or omission that occurred before the VJ participant was participating in the Financial Ombudsman Service, and whether the act or omission occurred before or after the commencement day, either:
The provisions of DISP 2.6.12 R are made under the power in sections 227(13) and 227(14) of the Act. Those sections allow for a complaint relating to an act or omission occurring either before commencement or before the VJ participant joined the Voluntary Jurisdiction (or both) to be dealt with under the Financial Ombudsman Service. Under section 227(13), the act or omission must be one which could have been dealt with under a former scheme. Under section 227(14), the VJ participant must agree; but that agreement is provided by DISP 2.6.12 R (2)and DISP 4.2.5 R. Where complaints in this category are not already covered by the Compulsory Jurisdiction as relevant complaints, they can, therefore, be included in the Voluntary Jurisdiction under DISP 2.6.12 R.