4the imposition of suspensions or restrictions under sections 88A, 89Q and 206A of the Act, and the period for which those suspensions or restrictions are to have effect, as required by sections 88C(1), 89S(1) and 210(1) of the Act;4
4the imposition of suspensions, conditions or limitations under section 66 of the Act, the period for which suspensions or conditions are to have effect, and the period for which approvals under section 59 have effect as a result of a limitation, as required by section 69(1); and4
- (d) 2
"restriction" refers to limitations or other restrictions in relation to:2
- (3) 3
“limitation” refers, apart from in DEPP 6A.1.2G(2), to a limitation of the period for which any approval of the performance by an approved person of any function to which the approval relates is to have effect (under section 66 of the Act); and43
4“disciplinary prohibition” refers to a temporary or permanent prohibition on an individual holding an office or position involving responsibility for taking decisions about the management of a MiFID investment firm (under section 123A(2)(a) and (3) of the Act) or a temporary prohibition on an individual directly or indirectly acquiring or disposing of financial instruments (or emission auction products) on his or her own account or the account of a third party, (under section 123A(2)(b) of the Act) or a temporary prohibition on an individual directly or indirectly making a bid at an auction conducted by a recognised auction platform, on his or her own account or the account of a third party (under section 123A(2)(c) of the Act).
The power to impose a suspension, restriction, condition,4 limitation or disciplinary prohibition4 is a disciplinary measure which the FCA2 may use in addition to, or instead of, imposing a financial penalty or issuing a public censure. The principal purpose of imposing such a measure3 is to promote high standards of regulatory and/or market conduct by deterring persons who have committed breaches from committing further breaches, helping to deter other persons from committing similar breaches, and demonstrating generally the benefits of compliant behaviour. These measures3 are tools that the FCA may employ to help it to achieve its statutory objectives. Examples of measures3 that we may impose include:322222
we may place a condition on3 an approved person's performance of their controlled functions so that they can only give advice to consumers or deal in certain products if they are appropriately supervised.
The powers to impose a suspension, restriction, condition or limitation3 in relation to authorised persons and approved persons, and to impose a disciplinary prohibition in relation to individuals,4 are disciplinary measures;2 where the FCA2 considers it necessary to take action, for example, to protect consumers from an authorised person, the FCA2 will seek to cancel or vary the authorised person's permissions. If the FCA2 has concerns with a person's fitness to be approved, and considers it necessary to take action, the FCA2 will seek to prohibit the approved person or withdraw their3 approval. For an SMF manager, the FCA may instead vary their approval by imposing one or more conditions, if the FCA is satisfied that they would be a fit and proper person to perform functions in relation to regulated activities if the conditions are imposed, and that it is appropriate to do so.3 While the powers to impose a suspension or a restriction in relation to sponsors and primary information providers under sections 88A(2)(b)/(c) and 89Q(2)(b)/(c) of the Act are disciplinary measures, the FCA can impose suspensions, limitations or other restrictions in relation to sponsors and primary information providers in other circumstances.222222
after a certain period, unless the approved person demonstrates during the period of limitation that it is appropriate for them to be reapproved without the limitation;
after a short period, without giving the approved person the opportunity to demonstrate that they should be re-approved.
The imposition of a limitation in (2) is equivalent to a withdrawal of approval, apart from that it is carried out for disciplinary reasons and the FCA will have made no finding of lack of fitness or propriety. The FCA recognises that the use of this power will have serious consequences for the approved person concerned; therefore, it will exercise its power in a proportionate manner. The FCA’s policy on determining the length of the limitation is set out in DEPP 6A.3AG.