Unless sub-paragraph (3), (4)(a) or (7)6 applies, if A is a body incorporated in the United Kingdom -6
must be in the United Kingdom.
If A is not a body corporate but A’s head office is in the United Kingdom, A must carry on business in the United Kingdom.
A is seeking to carry on, or is carrying on, a regulated activity which is any of the investment services and activities,
A is a body corporate with no registered office, and
A’s head office is in the United Kingdom,
A must carry on business in the United Kingdom.
If A is seeking to carry on, or is carrying on, an insurance distribution7 activity-
where A is a body corporate incorporated in the United Kingdom, A’s registered office, or if A has no registered office, A’s head office, must be in the United Kingdom;
where A is an individual, A is to be treated for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2), as having a head office in the United Kingdom if A’s residence is resident in the United Kingdom.
“Insurance distribution7 activity” means any of the following activities-
dealing in rights under a contract of insurance as agent;
arranging deals in rights under a contract of insurance;
assisting in the administration and performance of a contract of insurance;
advising on buying or selling rights under a contract of insurance;
agreeing to do any of the activities specified in paragraph (a) to (d).
Sub-paragraph (5) must be read with-
6If A is seeking to carry on, or is carrying on, the regulated activity of managing an AIF and is, or upon being granted Part 4A permission to carry on that regulated activity would be, a full-scope UK AIFM, A’s head office and registered office must be in the United Kingdom.
Paragraph 2B(1) of Schedule 6 to the Act implements article 7(1)(d) of the UCITS Directive, paragraphs 2B(1) to 2B(23) of Schedule 6 to the Act implement article 5(4) of MiFID, paragraph 2B(4) of Schedule 6 to the Act implements article 2(1)(10) of the IDD7 and paragraph 2B(7) of Schedule 6 to the Act implements article 8(1)(e) of AIFMD, although the Act extends the threshold condition set out in paragraph 2B of Schedule 6 of the Act to authorised persons that are not PRA-authorised persons who are outside the scope of these Single Market Directives.6
Neither the UCITS Directive6, MiFID,3 the IDD7, AIFMD6 nor the Act define what is meant by a firm's 'head office'. This is not necessarily the firm's place of incorporation or the place where its business is wholly or mainly carried on. Although the FCA5 will judge each application on a case-by-case basis, the key issue in identifying the head office of a firm is the location of its central management and control, that is, the location of: 16