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Status: You are viewing the version of the handbook as on 2009-03-31.

CASS 6.5 Records, accounts and reconciliations

Records and accounts

CASS 6.5.1R

1A firm must keep such records and accounts as necessary to enable it at any time and without delay to distinguish safe custody assets 2 held for one client from safe custody assets 2 held for any other client, and from the firm's own applicable assets.2

[Note: article 16(1)(a) of the MiFID implementing Directive]

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CASS 6.5.2R

A firm must maintain its records and accounts in a way that ensures their accuracy, and in particular their correspondence to the safe custody assets 2 held for clients.

[Note: article 16(1)(b) of the MiFID implementing Directive]

2

Record keeping

CASS 6.5.3R

A firm must ensure that the records made under this section are retained for a period of five years after they are made.

Internal reconciliation of safe custody assets held for clients2

CASS 6.5.4G
  1. (1)

    Carrying out internal reconciliations of the safe custody assets 2 held for each client with the safe custody assets 2 held by the firm and third parties is an important step in the discharge of the firm's obligations under CASS 6.5.2 R, and where relevant,2 SYSC 4.1.1 R and SYSC 6.1.1 R.

    222
  2. (2)

    A firm should perform such internal reconciliations:

    1. (a)

      as often as is necessary; and

    2. (b)

      as soon as reasonably practicable after the date to which the reconciliation relates;

    to ensure the accuracy of the firm's records and accounts.

  3. (3)

    Reconciliation methods which can be adopted for these purposes include the 'total count method', which requires that all safe custody assets 2 be counted and reconciled as at the same date.

    2
  4. (4)

    If a firm chooses to use an alternative reconciliation method (for example the 'rolling stock method') it needs to ensure that:

    1. (a)

      all of a particular safe custody asset 2 are counted and reconciled as at the same date; and

      2
    2. (b)

      all safe custody assets 2 are counted and reconciled during a period of six months.

      2
CASS 6.5.5R

A firm that uses an alternative reconciliation method must first send a written confirmation to the FSA from the firm's auditor that the firm has in place systems and controls which are adequate to enable it to use the method effectively.

Reconciliations with external records

CASS 6.5.6R

A firm must conduct on a regular basis, reconciliations between its internal accounts and records and those of any third parties by whom those safe custody assets 2 are held.

[Note: article 16(1)(c) of the MiFID implementing Directive]

2
CASS 6.5.7G

Where a firm deposits safe custody assets 2 belonging to a client with a third party, in complying with the requirements of CASS 6.5.6 R, the firm should seek to ensure that the third party will deliver to the firm a statement as at a date or dates specified by the firm which details the description and amounts of all the safe custody assets 2 credited to the account, and that this statement is delivered in adequate time to allow the firm to carry out the periodic reconciliations required in CASS 6.5.6 R.

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Frequency of external reconciliations

CASS 6.5.8G

A firm should perform the reconciliation required by CASS 6.5.6 R:

  1. (1)

    as regularly as is necessary; and

  2. (2)

    as soon as reasonably practicable after the date to which the reconciliation relates;

to ensure the accuracy of its internal accounts and records against those of third parties by whom safe custody assets 2 are held.

2

Independence of person conducting reconciliations

CASS 6.5.9G

Whenever possible, a firm should ensure that reconciliations are carried out by a person (for example an employee of the firm) who is independent of the production or maintenance of the records to be reconciled.

2

Reconciliation discrepancies

CASS 6.5.10R

A firm must promptly correct any discrepancies which are revealed in the reconciliations envisaged by this section, and make good, or provide the equivalent of, any unreconciled shortfall for which there are reasonable grounds for concluding that the firm is responsible.

CASS 6.5.11G

Items recorded or held within a suspense or error account fall within the scope of discrepancies.

CASS 6.5.12G

A firm may, where justified, conclude that another person is responsible for an irreconcilable shortfall despite the existence of a dispute with that other person about the unreconciled item. In those circumstances, the firm is not required to make good the shortfall but is expected to take reasonable steps to resolve the position with the other person.

Notification requirements

CASS 6.5.13R

A firm must inform the FSA in writing without delay:

  1. (1)

    if it has not complied with, or is unable, in any material respect, to comply with the requirements in CASS 6.5.1 R, CASS 6.5.2 R or CASS 6.5.6 R; or

  2. (2)

    if, having carried out a reconciliation, it has not complied with, or is unable, in any material respect, to comply with CASS 6.5.10 R.

Audit of compliance with the MiFID custody rules

CASS 6.5.14G

Firms are reminded that the auditor of the firm has to confirm in the report submitted to the FSA under SUP 3.10 (Duties of auditors: notification and report on client assets) that the firm has maintained systems adequate to enable it to comply with the rules in this chapter.

CASS 6.5.15G

Firms that use an alternative reconciliation method are reminded that the firm's auditor must confirm to the FSA in writing that the firm has in place systems and controls which are adequate to enable it to use another method effectively (see CASS 6.5.5 R).