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CASS 1.5 Application: electronic media and E-Commerce

Application to electronic media


GEN 2.2.14 R (References to writing) has the effect that electronic media may be used to make communications that are required by the Handbook to be "in writing" unless a contrary intention appears.


For any electronic communication with a customer, a firm should:

  1. (1)

    have in place appropriate arrangements, including contingency plans, to ensure the secure transmission and receipt of the communication; it should also be able to verify the authenticity and integrity of the communication; the arrangements should be proportionate and take into account the different levels of risk in a firm's business;

  2. (2)

    be able to demonstrate that the customer wishes to communicate using this form of media; and

  3. (3)

    if entering into an agreement, make it clear to the customer that a contractual relationship is created that has legal consequences.


Firms should note that GEN 2.2.14 R does not affect any other legal requirement that may apply in relation to the form or manner of executing a document or agreement.

CASS 1.5.4G