Status: Please note you should read all Brexit changes to the FCA Handbook and BTS alongside the main FCA transitional directions. Where these directions apply the 'standstill', firms have the choice between complying with the pre-IP completion day rules, or the post-IP completion day rules. To see a full list of Handbook modules affected, please see Annex B to the main FCA transitional directions.


Status: This chapter was amended on 31 December 2020 as a result of Brexit. However, it is subject to the FCA Prudential Transitional Direction, which means that firms should not comply with these provisions yet. Instead, firms must follow this link and continue to comply with pre-IP completion day requirements https://www.handbook.fca.org.uk/handbook?date=31-12-2020&timeline=True (unless specified otherwise in the Direction). To see a full list of Handbook modules affected, please see Section B of the Annex to the Direction.

BIPRU 8.5 Basis of consolidation

Undertakings to be included in consolidation

BIPRU 8.5.1RRP

A firm must include only the following types of undertaking in a UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6 for the purposes of this chapter:

  1. (1)

    a BIPRU firm;

  2. (2)

    [deleted]4

    4
  3. (3)

    a financial institution;

  4. (4)

    an asset management company;

  5. (5)

    a financial holding company;

    3
  6. (6)

    a mixed financial holding company; and3

    3
  7. (7)

    an ancillary services undertaking.3

BIPRU 8.5.2GRP

Although an undertaking falling outside BIPRU 8.5.1 R will not be included in a UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6 it may be relevant in deciding whether one undertaking in the banking sector or the investment services sector is a subsidiary undertaking of another with the result that they should be included in the same UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6.

BIPRU 8.5.3GRP

An example of BIPRU 8.5.2 G is as follows. Say that the undertaking at the head of a BIPRU firm's4 UK group is a parent financial holding company in the UK6. One of its subsidiary undertakings is the firm4. The parent financial holding company in the UK6 also has an insurer as a subsidiary undertaking. That insurer has several BIPRU firms4 as subsidiary undertakings. Say that the UK group is not a financial conglomerate. The UK consolidation group will include the parent financial holding company in the UK6 and the firm4. It will also include the BIPRU firms4 that are subsidiary undertakings of the insurer. This is because the BIPRU firms4 are subsidiary undertakings of the parent financial holding company in the UK6 through the parent financial holding company in the UK's6 holding in the insurer. However it will not include the insurer itself.

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Basis of inclusion of undertakings in consolidation

BIPRU 8.5.4RRP

A firm must include any subsidiary undertaking in the UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6 in full in the calculations in this chapter.

BIPRU 8.5.5RRP

In carrying out the calculations for the purposes of this chapter a firm must only include the relevant proportion of an undertaking that is a member of the UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6:

  1. (1)

    by virtue of a consolidation Article 12(1) relationship;

  2. (2)

    by virtue of an Article 134 relationship; or

  3. (3)

    because the group holds a participation in it.

BIPRU 8.5.6RRP

In BIPRU 8.5.5 R, the relevant proportion is either:

  1. (1)

    (in the case of a participation) the proportion of shares issued by the undertaking held by the UK consolidation group or the non-UK sub-group6; or

  2. (2)

    (in the case of a consolidation Article 12(1) relationship or an Article 134 relationship), such proportion (if any) as stated in the Part 4A permission of the firm.

Basis of inclusion of collective portfolio management investment firms in consolidation2

BIPRU 8.5.7R

GENPRU 2.1.46 R (Adjustment of the variable capital requirement calculation for collective portfolio management investment firms)2 does1 not apply for the purpose of this chapter.

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BIPRU 8.5.8GRP

In general a collective portfolio management investment firm2 only calculates its capital and concentration risk requirements in relation to its designated investment business and does not calculate them with respect tomanaging an AIF or managing a UK UCITS5. The effect of BIPRU 8.5.7 R is that this does not apply on a consolidated basis. For the purpose of this chapter the calculations are carried out2 with respect to the whole of the activities of a collective portfolio management investment firm.2

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Exclusion of undertakings from consolidation: Balance sheet size

BIPRU 8.5.9RRP

A firm may, having first notified the appropriate regulator in writing in accordance with SUP 15.7 (Form and method of notification), exclude a BIPRU firm,4 asset management company, financial institution or ancillary services undertaking that is a subsidiary undertaking in, or an undertaking in which a participation is held by, the UK consolidation group or non-EEA sub-group if the balance sheet total of that undertaking is less than the smaller of the following two amounts:

4
  1. (1)

    10 million Euros;

  2. (2)

    1% of the balance sheet total of the parent undertaking or the undertaking that holds the participation.

BIPRU 8.5.10RRP

A firm must include undertakings, to which BIPRU 8.5.9 R would otherwise apply, if the balance sheet total of those undertakings taken together breaches the limit in BIPRU 8.5.9 R.

Exclusion of undertakings from consolidation: Other reasons

BIPRU 8.5.11GRP

Article 95(2) preserves the discretion for6 the appropriate regulator to decide to exclude a BIPRU firm,4 financial institution, asset management company or ancillary services undertaking that is a subsidiary undertaking in, or an undertaking in which a participation is held by, the UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6 for the purposes of this chapter in the following circumstances:

4
  1. (1)

    where the head office of the undertaking concerned is situated in a country outside the UK6 where there are legal impediments to the transfer of the necessary information; or

  2. (2)

    where, in the opinion of the appropriate regulator, the undertaking concerned is of negligible interest only with respect to the objectives of monitoringBIPRU firms;4 or

    4
  3. (3)

    where, in the opinion of the appropriate regulator, the consolidation of the financial situation of the undertaking concerned would be inappropriate or misleading as far as the objectives of the supervision of BIPRU firms4 are concerned.

    4
BIPRU 8.5.12GRP

If a firm wishes to exclude an undertaking on the basis of any of the grounds set out in BIPRU 8.5.11 G it should apply to the appropriate regulator for a waiver. The appropriate regulator will consider such applications in the light of the criteria in Section 138A of the Act.

BIPRU 8.5.13GRP

If several undertakings meet the criteria in BIPRU 8.5.11G (2), the appropriate regulator will not agree to a waiver to exclude them all from consolidation where collectively they are of non-negligible interest with respect to the objectives of the supervision of institutions.

Information about excluded undertakings

BIPRU 8.5.14GRP

The appropriate regulator may require a firm to provide information about the undertakings excluded from consolidation of the UK consolidation group or non-UK sub-group6 pursuant to this section.