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BIPRU 13.5 CCR standardised method

Scope

BIPRU 13.5.1R

A firm may use the CCR standardised method only for financial derivative instruments and long settlement transactions.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1 (part)]

Derivation of risk position: payment legs

BIPRU 13.5.2R

  1. (1)

    When a financial derivative instrument transaction with a linear risk profile stipulates the exchange of a financial instrument for a payment, the payment Part is referred to as the payment leg.

  2. (2)

    Transactions that stipulate the exchange of payment against payment consist of two payment legs.

  3. (3)

    The payment legs consist of the contractually agreed gross payments, including the notional amount of the transaction.

  4. (4)

    A firm may disregard the interest rate risk from payment legs with a remaining maturity of less than one year for the purposes of the calculations in BIPRU 13.5.

  5. (5)

    A firm may treat transactions that consist of two payment legs that are denominated in the same currency, such as interest rate swaps, as a single aggregate transaction. The treatment for payment legs applies to the aggregate transaction.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 2]

Derivation of risk position: mapping

BIPRU 13.5.3R

  1. (1)

    Transactions with a linear risk profile with equities (including equity indices), gold, other precious metals or other commodities as the underlying financial instruments must be mapped to a risk position in the respective equity (or equity index) or commodity (including gold and other precious metals) and an interest rate risk position for the payment leg.

  2. (2)

    If the payment leg is denominated in a foreign currency, it must be additionally mapped to a risk position in the respective currency.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 3]

BIPRU 13.5.4R

  1. (1)

    Transactions with a linear risk profile with a debt instrument as the underlying instrument must be mapped to an interest rate risk position for the debt instrument and another interest rate risk position for the payment leg.

  2. (2)

    Transactions with a linear risk profile that stipulate the exchange of payment against payment, including foreign exchange forwards, must be mapped to an interest rate risk position for each of the payment legs.

  3. (3)

    If the underlying debt instrument is denominated in a foreign currency, the debt instrument must be mapped to a risk position in that foreign currency.

  4. (4)

    If a payment leg is denominated in foreign currency, the payment leg must be again mapped to a risk position in that foreign currency.

  5. (5)

    The exposure value to be assigned to a foreign exchange basis swap transaction is zero.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 4]

Derivation of risk position: calculating the size of the risk position

BIPRU 13.5.5R

A firm must calculate the risk position of the transaction or instrument in column 1 of the table in BIPRU 13.5.6 R in accordance with column 2 of that table.

BIPRU 13.5.6R

This table belongs to BIPRU 13.5.5 R.

Transaction or instrument

Calculation of size of risk position

Transaction with linear risk profile except for debt instruments.

The effective notional value (market price multiplied by quantity) of the underlying financial instruments (including commodities) converted to the firm's domestic currency.

Debt instruments and payment legs.

The effective notional value of the outstanding gross payments (including the notional amount) converted to the firm's base currency, multiplied by the modified duration of the debt instrument, or payment leg, respectively.

Credit default swap

The notional value of the reference debt instrument multiplied by the remaining maturity of the credit default swap.

2Nth to default credit default swap

The effective notional value of the reference debt instrument, multiplied by the modified duration of the nth to default derivative with respect to a change in the credit spread of the reference debt instrument.

Subject to BIPRU 13.5.9 R to BIPRU 13.5.10 R, financial derivative instrument with a non-linear risk profile, including options and swaptions except in the case of an underlying debt instrument.

Equal to the delta equivalent effective notional value of the financial instrument that underlies the transaction.

Subject to BIPRU 13.5.9 R to BIPRU 13.5.10 R, financial derivative instrument with a non-linear risk profile, including options and swaptions, of which the underlying is a debt instrument or a payment leg.

Equal to the delta equivalent effective notional value of the financial instrument or payment leg multiplied by the modified duration of the debt instrument, or payment leg, respectively.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 points 5 to 9 and 15 (part)2]

Derivation of risk position: effective notional value

BIPRU 13.5.7R

A firm may use the following formulae to determine the size and sign of a risk position:

  1. (1)

    for all instruments other than debt instruments:

    effective notional value, or delta equivalent

    notional value = pref((V)/(p))

    where:

    1. (a)

      Pref = price of the underlying instrument, expressed in the reference currency;

    2. (b)

      V = value of the financial instrument (in the case of an option this is the option price; in the case of a transaction with a linear risk profile this is the value of the underlying instrument itself);

    3. (c)

      p = price of the underlying instrument, expressed in the same currency as V;

  2. (2)

    for debt instruments and the payment legs of all transactions:

    effective notional value multiplied by the modified duration, or delta equivalent in notional value multiplied by the modified duration

    (V)/(r)

    where:

    1. (a)

      V = value of the financial instrument (in the case of an option this is the option price; in the case of a transaction with a linear risk profile this is the value of the underlying instrument itself or of the payment leg, respectively);

    2. (b)

      r = interest rate level.

  3. (3)

    If V is denominated in a currency other than the reference currency, the derivative must be converted into the reference currency by multiplication with the relevant exchange rate.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 11]

Derivation of risk position: treatment of collateral

BIPRU 13.5.8R

For the determination of risk positions, a firm must treat collateral received from a counterparty like a claim on the counterparty under a derivative contract (long position) that is due today, while collateral posted must be treated as an obligation to the counterparty (short position) that is due today.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 10]

Derivation of risk position: non-linear risks

BIPRU 13.5.9R

A firm must apply the CCR mark to market method to transactions with a non-linear risk profile or for payment legs and transactions with debt instruments as underlying if:

  1. (1)

    the firm does not have a CAD 1 model permission or a VaR model permission; or

  2. (2)

    where the firm does have a CAD 1 model permission or a VaR model permission but cannot determine the delta or the modified duration, respectively, with its CAD 1 model permission or VaR model permission.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 19 (part)]

BIPRU 13.5.10R

A firm must not recognise netting for the purpose of applying the CCR mark to market method to an exposure treated under BIPRU 13.5.9 R (that is, the exposure value must be determined as if there were a netting set that comprises just the individual transaction).

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 19 (part)]

Hedging sets: assignment

BIPRU 13.5.11R

A firm must group the risk positions into hedging sets and, for each hedging set, compute the absolute value amount of the sum of the resulting risk positions. This sum is termed the net risk position and is represented by:

((i)(RPTij) - (l)(RPClj))

in the formulae set out in BIPRU 13.5.24 R.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 12]

Hedging sets: description

BIPRU 13.5.12R

For interest rate risk positions from money deposits received from the counterparty as collateral, from payment leg and from underlying debt instruments, to which according to the table in BIPRU 7.2.44R1 a capital charge of 1.60% or less applies, there are six hedging sets for each currency, as set out in the table in BIPRU 13.5.13 R. Hedging sets are defined by a combination of the criteria maturity and referenced interest rates.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 13]

Table: Hedging sets

BIPRU 13.5.13R

This table belongs to BIPRU 13.5.12 R:

Government referenced interest rates

Non-government referenced interest rates

Maturity

<= 1 year

<= 1 year

Maturity

>1 <= 5 years

>1 <= 5 years

Maturity

> 5 years

> 5 years

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 Table 4]

BIPRU 13.5.14R

For interest rate risk positions from underlying debt instruments or payment legs for which the interest rate is linked to a reference interest rate that represents a general market interest level, the remaining maturity is the length of the time interval up to the next re-adjustment of the interest rate. In all other cases, it is the remaining life of the underlying debt instrument, or in the case of a payment leg the remaining life of the transaction.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 14]

BIPRU 13.5.15R

There is one hedging set for each issuer of a reference debt instrument that underlies a credit default swap.Nth to default basket credit default swaps must be treated as follows:2

  1. (1)

    2the size of a risk position in a reference debt instrument in a basket underlying an nth to default credit default swap is the effective notional value of the reference debt instrument, multiplied by the modified duration of the nth to default derivative, with respect to a change in the credit spread of the reference debt instrument;

  2. (2)

    2there is one hedging set for each reference debt instrument in a basket underlying a given nth to default credit default swap; risk positions from different nth to default credit default swaps must not be included in the same hedging set; and

  3. (3)

    2the CCR multiplier applicable to each hedging set created for one of the reference debt instruments of an nth to default derivative is 0.3% for reference debt instruments that have a credit assessment from a recognised ECAI equivalent to credit quality step 1 to 3, and 0.6% for other debt instruments.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 15]

BIPRU 13.5.16R

Underlying financial instruments other than debt instruments must be assigned by a firm to the same respective hedging sets only if they are identical or similar instruments. In all other cases a firm must assign them to separate hedging sets.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 17 (part)]

BIPRU 13.5.17R

  1. (1)

    The similarity of instruments for the purposes of BIPRU 13.5.16 R is established in accordance with (2) to (5).

  2. (2)

    For equities, similar instruments are those of the same issuer. An equity index is treated as a separate issuer.

  3. (3)

    For precious metals, similar instruments are those of the same metal. A precious metal index is treated as a separate precious metal.

  4. (4)

    For electric power, similar instruments are those delivery rights and obligations that refer to the same peak or off-peak load time interval within any 24 hour interval.

  5. (5)

    For commodities, similar instruments are those of the same commodity. A commodity index is treated as a separate commodity.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 17 (part)]

Hedging sets: collateral

BIPRU 13.5.18R

  1. (1)

    For interest rate risk positions from money deposits that are posted with a counterparty as collateral when that counterparty does not have debt obligations of low specific risk outstanding and from underlying debt instruments, to which according to the table in BIPRU 7.2.44 R1 a capital charge of more than 1.60% applies, there is one hedging set for each issuer.

  2. (2)

    When a payment leg emulates such a debt instrument, there is also one hedging set for each issuer of the reference debt instrument.

  3. (3)

    A firm may assign risk positions that arise from debt instruments of a certain issuer, or from reference debt instruments of the same issuer that are emulated by payment legs, or that underlie a credit default swap, to the same hedging set.

    [Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 16]

BIPRU 13.5.19R

A firm that makes use of collateral to mitigate its CCR must have internal procedures to verify that, prior to recognising the effect of collateral in its calculations, the collateral meets the legal certainty standards set out in BIPRU 5 modified, where relevant, by BIPRU 4.10.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 21]

Hedging sets: netting

BIPRU 13.5.20R

A firm must have internal procedures to verify that, prior to including a transaction in a hedging set, the transaction is covered by a legally enforceable netting contract that meets the requirements set out in BIPRU 13.7.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 20]

Credit conversion factors : Table

BIPRU 13.5.21R

A firm must apply the CCR multipliers for the different hedging set categories according to the Table in BIPRU 13.5.22 R.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 18]

BIPRU 13.5.22R

This table belongs to BIPRU 13.5.21 R.

Hedging set categories

CCR Multiplier (CCRM)

(1)

Interest Rates

0.2%

(2)

Interest Rates for risk positions from a reference debt instrument that underlies a credit default swap and to which a capital charge of 1.60%, or less, applies under BIPRU 7.2.44 R1.

0.3%

(3)

Interest Rates for risk positions from a debt instrument or reference debt instrument to which a capital charge of more than 1.60% applies under BIPRU 7.2.44 R.

0.6%

(4)

Exchange Rates

2.5%

(5)

Electric power

4.0%

(6)

Gold

5.0%

(7)

Equity

7.0%

(8)

Precious Metals (except gold)

8.5%

(9)

Other commodities (excluding precious metals and electricity power)

10.0%

(10)

Reference debt instruments of an nth to default derivative that have a credit assessment from a recognised ECAI equivalent to credit quality step 1 to 32

2

0.3%2

2(11)

Reference debt instruments of an nth to default derivative that do not have a credit assessment from a recognised ECAI equivalent to credit quality step 1 to 3

0.6%

2(12)

Underlying instruments of financial derivative instrument that are not in any of the above categories.

10.0%

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 Table 5 and Part 5 point 15 (c)2]

BIPRU 13.5.23R

A firm must assign underlying instruments of financial derivatives instruments (in line 10 of the Table in BIPRU 13.5.22 R) to separate individual hedging sets for each category of underlying instrument.

Exposure value

BIPRU 13.5.24R

A firm must calculate the exposure value separately for each netting set.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1, second sentence]

BIPRU 13.5.25R

A firm must determine the exposure value net of collateral, as follows:

exposure value = *max(CMV-CMC;(j)((i)(RPTij)-(l)(RPClj))*CCRMj)

where:

CMV = current market value of the portfolio of transactions within the netting set with a counterparty gross of collateral.

That is, where:

CMV = (i)(CMVi)

where:

CMVi = the current market value of transaction i;

CMC = the current market value of the collateral assigned to the netting set.

That is, where:CMC = (l)(CMCl)

where

CMCl = the current market value of collateral l;

i = index designating transaction;

l = index designating collateral;

j = index designating hedging set category. These hedging sets correspond to risk factors for which risk positions of opposite sign can be offset to yield a net risk position on which the exposure measure is then based;

RPTij = risk position from transaction i with respect to hedging set j;

RPClj = risk position from collateral l with respect to hedging set j;

CCRMj = CCR Multiplier set out in the Table in BIPRU 13.5.22R with respect to the hedging set j;

= 1.4.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1 (part)]

BIPRU 13.5.26R

Collateral received from a counterparty has a positive sign; collateral posted to a counterparty has a negative sign.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1 (part)]

BIPRU 13.5.27R

A firm may only recognise collateral for this method if it is collateral that is eligible under BIPRU 5.4.8 R1 and BIPRU 14.2.12 G to BIPRU 14.2.13 R.

[Note: BCD Annex III Part 5 point 1 (part)]

BIPRU 13.5.28G

A worked example showing a US Dollar (USD)-based firm, single counterparty, single netting set, Risk-positions RPij by hedging sets j is set out in BIPRU 13 Annex 1 G